|Borderline map of Yemen||Location map of Yemen||Flag of Yemen|
Google maps and detailed facts of Yemen (YE). This page enables you to explore Yemen and its border countries (Country location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page.
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Yemen Google maps™
The map below shows Yemen with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show map" button.
The Google map above is showing Yemen with its location: Middle East, (geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 48 00 E) and the international borders of Yemen; total: 1,601 km. Border countries (total: 2): Oman 294 km, Saudi Arabia 1,307 km furthermore it's inland counties boundaries.
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About Yemen in detail
Where is Yemen?
Yemen, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 15 21 N 44 12 E otherwise in Middle East, in Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia.
What is the capital city of Yemen?
The capital city of Yemen is: Sana’a.
What is the time in Sana'a?
It is 8 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Sana'a is: UTC+3.
What is the Internet code for Yemen?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Yemen is: .ye
What is the size of Yemen?
The territory of Yemen is total: 527,968 sq km; land: 527,968 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Yemen is almost four times the size of Alabama; slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming.
If we would like to walk around and discover Yemen, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 1,601 km.
What is the water coverage of Yemen?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Yemen is covered by water (see below), and this includes 1,906 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Yemen?
The climate of Yemen is mostly desert: hot and humid along west coast: temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon: extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east.
Geographical data of Yemen
The elevation of Yemen; mean elevation: 999 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m, highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3,760 m.
The typical geographical details of Yemen include narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Yemen is strategic location on Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes.
Resources and land use of Yemen
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 44.5%; arable land 2.2%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 41.7%; forest: 1%; other: 54.5% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Yemen
The number of inhabitants of Yemen is 27,392,779 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that the vast majority of the population is found in the southern Sarawat Mountains, located in the far western region of the country.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 34.6% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Yemen is concentrated in SANA'A (capital) 2.962 million; Aden 882,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Yemen
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans.
Spoken languages in Yemen
The spoken languages in Yemen are the following: Arabic (official language). Note: a distinct Socotri language is widely used on Socotra Island and Archipelago; Mahri is still fairly widely spoken in eastern Yemen.
What are the most important religions in Yemen?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2010 estimate).
Further population data of Yemen
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 40.48% (male 5,639,657 / female 5,447,662) 15-24 years: 21.16% (male 2,940,484 / female 2,855,538) 25-54 years: 31.79% (male 4,451,305 / female 4,257,877) 55-64 years: 3.87% (male 487,986 / female 571,676) 65 years and over: 2.7% (male 342,053 / female 398,541) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Yemen is 2.37% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Yemen the birth rate is 29.2 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.1 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Yemen the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Yemen, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Yemen are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Yemen
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Yemen is a low-income country that faces difficult long-term challenges to stabilizing and growing its economy, and the current conflict has only exacerbated those issues. The ongoing war has halted Yemen’s exports, pressured the currency’s exchange rate,Prior to the start of the conflict in 2014, Yemen was highly dependent on declining oil resources for revenue. Oil and gas earnings accounted for roughly 25% of GDP and 65% of government revenue. The Yemeni Government regularly faced annual budget shortfaHowever, the conflict that began in 2014 stalled these reform efforts. Rebel Huthi groups have interfered with Ministry of Finance and Central Bank operations and diverted funds for their own use. Yemen’s Central Bank reserves, which stood at $5.2 billionYemen will require significant international assistance during and after the protracted conflict to stabilize its economy. Long-term challenges include a high population growth rate, high unemployment, declining water resources, and severe food scarcity.
GDP is an important figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Yemen is $31.33 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicatoris the rate of the GDP growth, which in Yemen is -4.2% (2016 estimate) -28.1% (2015 estimate) -0.2% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Yemen this is $2,500 (2016 estimate) $2,700 (2015 estimate) $3,900 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Yemen produces?
The main agricultural products of Yemen are grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles, leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; aluminum products; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles, leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; aluminum products; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production.
Drinking water source in Yemen
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 72% of population, rural: 46.5% of population, total: 54.9% of population. Unimproved: urban: 28% of population, rural: 53.5% of population, total: 45.1% of population (2012 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Yemen
In Yemen, the average number of childbirth is 3.77 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Yemen
The average age of the population is total: 19.2 years; male: 19.1 years, female: 19.3 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Yemen it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Yemen is 0.7 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Yemen; if the father is unknown, the mother must be a citizen. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Yemen a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Yemen
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Yemen density of the hospital beds is 0.7 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Yemen the degree of risk: highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malariawater contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Yemen the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Yemen is 14.2% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Yemen? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Yemen are sandstorms and dust storms in summervolcanism: limited volcanic activity; Jebel at Tair (Jabal al-Tair, Jebel Teir, Jabal al-Tayr, Jazirat at-Tair) (elev. 244 m), which forms an island in the Red Sea, erupted in 2007 after awakening from dormancy; other historically active volcanoes include Harra of Arhab, Harras of Dhamar, Harra es-Sawad, and Jebel Zubair, although many of these have not erupted in over a century.
More interesting facts about Yemen
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; North Yemen became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement and brief civil war in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to delineate their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and the Huthis, a Zaydi Shia Muslim minority, began in 2004 and has since resulted in six rounds of fighting that ended in early 2010 with a cease-fire. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2008. Public rallies in Sana'a against then President SALIH - inspired by similar demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt - slowly built momentum starting in late January 2011 fueled by complaints over high unemployment, poor economic conditions, and corruption. By the following month, some protests had resulted in violence, and the demonstrations had spread to other major cities. By March the opposition had hardened its demands and was unifying behind calls for SALIH's immediate ouster. In April 2011, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), in an attempt to mediate the crisis in Yemen, proposed the GGC Initiative, an agreement in which the president would step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution. SALIH's refusal to sign an agreement led to further violence.The UN Security Council passed Resolution 2014 in October 2011 calling for an end to the violence and completing a power transfer deal. In November 2011, SALIH signed the GCC Initiative to step down and to transfer some of his powers to Vice President Abd Rabuh Mansur HADI. Following HADI's election victory in February 2012, SALIH formally transferred his powers. In accordance with the GCC initiative, Yemen launched a National Dialogue Conference (NDC) in March 2013 to discuss key constitutional, political, and social issues. HADI concluded the NDC in January 2014. Subsequent steps in the transition process include constitutional drafting, a constitutional referendum, and national elections. Since the Arab Awakening in 2011, the Huthis have expanded their influence, culminating in a major offensive against military units and tribes affiliated with their Yemeni rivals and enabling their forces to overrun the capital, Sana'a, in September 2014. In January 2015, the Huthis attacked the presidential palace and President HADI's residence and surrounded key government facilities, prompting HADI and the cabinet to submit their resignations. HADI fled to Aden, and in February 2015 rescinded his resignation. He subsequently escaped to Saudi Arabia and asked the GCC to intervene militarily in Yemen to protect the legitimate government from the Huthis. In March, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia launched Operation Decisive Storm, a series of airstrikes against Huthi and Huthi-affiliated forces. In April 2015, the Saudi Government announced completion of the operation and initiated Operation Restoring Hope, which focuses on humanitarian aid and a return to political dialogue. However, fighting continued through the remainder of 2015 and into early 2016. In April, the UN brokered a "cessation of hostilities" among the warring parties and initiated peace talks in Kuwait.
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Yemen: 22 May 1990 (Republic of Yemen was established with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sana'a) or North Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]); note - previously North Yemen became independent in November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) and became a republic with the overthrow of Theocratic Imamate in 1962; South Yemen became independent on 30 November 1967 (from the UK).
The flag and other symbols of Yemen
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white). Note: similar to the flag of Syria, which has two green stars in the white band, and of Iraq, which has an Arabic inscription centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Egypt, which has a heraldic eagle centered in the white band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Yemen: golden eagle; national colors: red, white, black.
Constitution of Yemen
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Yemen?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Yemen is mixed legal system of Islamic law, Napoleonic law, English common law, and customary law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Yemen, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament or Majlis consists of the Shura Council or Majlis Alshoora (111 seats; members appointed by the president; member tenure NA) and the House of Representatives or Majlis al Nuwaab (301 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms)elections: last held on 27 April 2003 (next scheduled for April 2009 but postponed indefinitely)election results: House of Representatives percent of vote by party - GPC 58.0%, Islah 22.6%, YSP 3.8%, Unionist Party 1.9%, other 13.7%; seats by party - GPC 238, Islah 46, YSP 8, Nasserist Unionist Party 3, National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party 2, independent 4.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Yemen
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Yemen the labor force is 7.47 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Yemen is total: 47.4 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 51.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 43.1 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Yemen is 27% (2014 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Yemen, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 30.3% (2008 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Yemen the GINI index is .37,9 (2009 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Yemen, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 30.3% (2008 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Yemen
The available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Yemen is; revenues: $1.766 billion, expenditures: $5.628 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 5.6% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Yemen is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state's local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Yemen
A few further interesting and important economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 31.5% (2016 estimate), 28.8% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 27% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Yemen
Yemen, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Yemen is: $124.3 million (2016 estimate), $1.364 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish, liquefied natural gas.
The most important imported products are food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals, and the countries from where the import is coming: UAE 20.9%, China 14.3%, Saudi Arabia 9.9%, Kuwait 7.4%, India 4.6% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Yemen
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Yemen, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0.1% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Yemen, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Yemen; since unification in 1990, efforts have been made to create a national telecommunications networkdomestic: the national network consists of microwave radio relay, cable, tropospheric scatter, GSM and CDMA mobile-cellular telephone systems; fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity remains low by regional standardsinternational: country code - 967; landing point for the international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean), 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region), and 2 Arabsat; microwave (2010).
Transport infrastructure in Yemen
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Yemen: 57 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Yemen: total: 71,300 km, paved: 6,200 km, unpaved: 65,100 km (2005).
The total length of the waterways in Yemen: N/A.
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Facts & data about Yemen
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Yemen, conventional short form: Yemen, local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Yamaniyah, local short form: Al Yaman, former: Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sana'a) or North Yemen] and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen], etymology: name derivation remains unclear but may come from the Arab term "yumn" (happiness) and be related to the region's classical name "Arabia Felix" (Fertile or Happy Arabia); the Romans referred to the rest of the peninsula as "Arabia Deserta" (Deserted Arabia).
|Abbrevation: Yemen||Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 48 00 E
|Country location: Middle East|
|Capital of Yemen: Sana'a||GPS of the Capital:
15 21 N 44 12 E
|Position: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia|
|Land area: total: 527,968 sq km; land: 527,968 sq km, water: 0 sq km||Terrain: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula
||Area comparative: almost four times the size of Alabama; slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming|
|Population: 27,392,779 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.37% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.85 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.87 male(s) / female, total population: 1.02 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $124.3 million (2016 estimate), $1.364 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $3.624 billion (2016 estimate), $4.793 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: UAE 20.9%, China 14.3%, Saudi Arabia 9.9%, Kuwait 7.4%, India 4.6% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 34.6% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): SANA'A (capital) 2.962 million; Aden 882,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 19.2 years; male: 19.1 years, female: 19.3 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 6.711 million. Percent of population: 25.1% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 1.195 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 4 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 17.359 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 65 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 27% (2014 estimate)||Nationality: Yemeni(s) adjective: Yemeni||National holidays: Unification Day, 22 May (1990)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.5 years. Male: 63.4 years, female: 67.8 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 3.77 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 29.2 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 70.1%; male: 85.1%, female: 55% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of Islamic law, Napoleonic law, English common law, and customary law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles, leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; aluminum products; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production||Industrial production growth rate: -27% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: -4.2% (2016 estimate) -28.1% (2015 estimate) -0.2% (2014 estimate)|
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