|Borderline map of Greenland||Location map of Greenland||Flag of Greenland|
Google maps and detailed facts of Greenland (GL). This page enables you to explore Greenland and its border countries (Country Location: Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy never before Google maps.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Greenland, in Arctic Region, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Greenland Google maps™
The map below shows Greenland with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Greenland with its location: Arctic Region (geographic coordinates: 72 00 N, 40 00 W) and the international borders of Greenland; 0 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Greenland or Arctic Region. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Greenland, Arctic Region, is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Greenland Google map and facts/wiki.
About Greenland in detail
Where is Greenland?
In case Greenland is looking on the map under the Coordinates 64 11 N 51 45 W otherwise in Arctic Region, in Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada.
What is the capital city of Greenland?
The capital city of Greenland is Nuuk.
What is the time in Nuuk?
What is the Internet code for Greenland?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Greenland is: .gl
What is the size of Greenland?
The territory of Greenland is total: 2,166,086 sq km; land: 2,166,086 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of Greenland’s territory is slightly more than three times the size of Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Greenland, we can cover 0 km.
What is the water coverage of Greenland?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Greenland is covered by water (see below), including a 44,087 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Greenland?
The climate of Greenland is arctic to subarctic: cool summers, cold winters.
Geographical data of Greenland
Greenland elevation; mean elevation: 1,792 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m, highest point: Gunnbjorn Fjeld 3,700 m.
Greenland’s specific geographical details include flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Greenland is dominated North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along the coast; close to one-quarter of the population lives in the capital, Nuuk; world’s second-largest ice sheet after that of Antarctica.
Resources and land use of Greenland
The country’s main mined products are coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil, and gas. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 0.6%; arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0.6%; forest: 0%; other: 99.4% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Greenland
The number of inhabitants of Greenland is 57,728 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the population distribution proportion, it is safe to say that settlement concentrated on the southwest shoreline, with limited settlements scattered along the remaining coast; the interior is uninhabited.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 86.4% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Greenland is concentrated in NUUK (capital) 17,000 (2014).
Ethnicity in Greenland
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Inuit 88%, Danish, and 12% (2010 estimate).
Spoken languages in Greenland
The spoken languages in Greenland are the following: Greenlandic (East Inuit) (official language), Danish (official language), English.
What are the most important religions in Greenland?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Evangelical Lutheran, traditional Inuit spiritual beliefs.
Further population data of Greenland
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 21.26% (male 6,237 / female 6,034) 15-24 years: 15.81% (male 4,612 / female 4,514) 25-54 years: 41.6% (male 12,597 / female 11,416) 55-64 years: 12.43% (male 4,001 / female 3,177) 65 years and over: 8.9% (male 2,754 / female 2,386) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Greenland is -0.02% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Greenland the birth rate is 14.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 8.6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Greenland, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Greenland, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Greenland are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is N/A.
Economic data of Greenland
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; The economy remains critically dependent on exports of shrimp and fish, income from resource exploration and extraction, and a substantial subsidy from the Danish Government. The subsidy was budgeted to be about $535 million in 2015. The public sector, including publicly owned enterprises and the municipalities, plays the dominant role in Greenland’s economy. Greenland’s real GDP contracted about 5% from 2012 to 2014. During the last decade, the Greenland Home Rule Government pursued conservative fiscal and monetary policies, but public pressure has increased for better schools, health care, and retirement systems.
The Greenlandic economy has benefited from increasing catches and exports of shrimp, Greenland halibut, and, more recently, mackerel. The Greenlandic economy is expected to expand in 2016, but significant challenges face the island. High unemployment, structural challenges stemming from low levels of qualified labor, geographic dispersion, an undiversified economy, and long-term sustainability. Tourism offers another avenue of economic growth for Greenland, with increasing numbers of cruise lines operating in Greenland’s western and southern waters during the peak summer tourism season.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Greenland is $2.16 billion (2011 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Greenland is 0.9% (2014 estimate) -0.5% (2013 estimate) 1.5% (2012 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Greenland this is $37,900 (2008 estimate) $38,100 (2007 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Greenland produces?
The main agricultural products of Greenland are sheep, cows, reindeer, fish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are fish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, zinc, anorthosite, and ruby mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on fish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, zinc, anorthosite, and ruby mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards.
Drinking water source in Greenland
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Greenland
In Greenland, the average delivery number is 2.01 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
The average age of the population is 33.8 years; male: 35 years, female: 32.6 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Greenland; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Greenland is -6 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: see Denmark.
Is Greenland a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Greenland
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Greenland, the hospital beds’ density is 5.8 beds / 1,000 population (2009).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Greenland: N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Greenland, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Greenland is N/A.
What are the natural hazards in Greenland? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Greenland is continuous permafrost over the northern two-thirds of the island.
More interesting facts about Greenland
Like every country and society, a few words about the past are connected to its history; Greenland, the world’s largest island, is about 81% ice-capped. Vikings reached the island in the 10th century from Iceland; Danish colonization began in the 18th century, and Greenland became an integral part of the Danish Realm in 1953. It joined the European Community (now the EU) with Denmark in 1973 but withdrew in 1985 over a dispute centered on stringent fishing quotas. Greenland remains a member of the Overseas Countries and Territories Association of the EU. Greenland was granted self-government in 1979 by the Danish parliament; the law went into effect the following year. Greenland voted in favor of increased self-rule in November 2008 and acquired greater responsibility for internal affairs when the Act on Greenland Self-Government was signed into law in June 2009. However, Denmark continues to exercise control over several policy areas on behalf of Greenland, including foreign affairs, security, and financial policy in consultation with Greenland’s Self-Rule Government.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Greenland: none (extensive self-rule as part of the Kingdom of Denmark; foreign affairs is the responsibility of Denmark, but Greenland actively participates in international agreements relating to Greenland).
The flag and other symbols of Greenland
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a large disk slightly to the hoist side of the center – the top half of the disk is red, the bottom half is white; the design represents the sun reflecting off a field of ice; the colors are the same as those of the Danish flag and symbolize Greenland’s links to the Kingdom of Denmark.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Greenland: polar bear; national colors: red, white.
Constitution of Greenland
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Greenland?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
Greenland’s legal system is the laws of Denmark apply where applicable and Greenlandic law applies to other areas.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Greenland, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Parliament or Inatsisartut (Landsting) (31 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms). Note: two representatives were elected to the Danish Parliament or Folketing.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Greenland
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Greenland, the labor force is 26,990 (2012 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Greenland is total: 9 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 10.3 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 7.7 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Greenland is 9.4% (2013 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Greenland, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Greenland, the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Greenland, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
About the budget and central governments debt of Greenland
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Greenland’s budget is; revenues: $1.72 billion, expenditures: $1.68 billion (2010). Taxes and other revenues are 79.6% of GDP (2010).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Greenland is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Greenland
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 1.8% (2012 estimate), 2.8% (2011 estimate), and the commercial bank prime lending rate: N/A.
Export/import partners and data of Greenland
Greenland, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. Greenland’s export value is: $384.3 million (2010), $358 million (2009). The total revenue of these activities: fish and fish products 91% (2015 estimate).
The most important imported products are machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, petroleum products, and the countries from where the import is coming: Denmark 67.1%, Sweden 14.1%, Iceland 5.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Greenland
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Greenland, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Greenland, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Greenland; adequate domestic and international service provided by satellite, cables, and microwave radio relay; totally digital since 1995. Domestic: microwave radio relay and satellite; the fundamental telecommunications infrastructure consists of a digital radio link from Nanortalik in south Greenland to Uummannaq in north Greenland; satellites cover north and east Greenland domestic and foreign. International: country code – 299; satellite earth stations – 15 (12 Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat, 2 Americom GE-2 (all Atlantic Ocean)) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Greenland
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Greenland: 15 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Greenland: Although there are short roads in towns, there are no roads between cities; inter-urban transport is either by sea or by air (2015).
The total length of the waterways in Greenland: N/A.
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Facts & data about Greenland
Name of the country: conventional long way: none, traditional short form: Greenland, local long form: none, local short state: Kalaallit Nunaat. Note: named by Norwegian adventurer Erik THORVALDSSON (Erik the Red) in 985 to entice settlers to the island.
|Abbreviation: Greenland||Geographic coordinates:|
72 00 N, 40 00 W
|Country Location: Arctic Region|
|Capital of Greenland: Nuuk||GPS of the Capital:|
64 11 N 51 45 W
|Position: Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada|
|Land area: total: 2,166,086 sq km; land: 2,166,086 sq km||Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast||Area comparative: slightly more than three times the size of Texas|
|Population: 57,728 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.02% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.1 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.26 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 1.15 male(s) / female, total population: 1.1 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $384.3 million (2010), $358 million (2009)||Imports: $814.2 million (2010), $726 million (2009)||Import partners: Denmark 67.1%, Sweden 14.1%, Iceland 5.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 86.4% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): NUUK (capital) 17,000 (2014)||Median age: total: 33.8 years; male: 35 years, female: 32.6 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 39,000. Percent of the population: 67.6% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 16,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 28 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 61,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 106 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 9.4% (2013 estimate)||Nationality: Greenlander(s) adjective: Greenlandic||National holidays: June 21 (longest day)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.4 years. Male: 69.7 years, female: 75.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.01 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 14.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: N/A||Legal system: the laws of Denmark apply where applicable and Greenlandic law applies to other areas||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: fish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, zinc, anorthosite and ruby mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards||Industrial production growth rate: N/A %||GDP real growth rate: 0.9% (2014 estimate) -0.5% (2013 estimate) 1.5% (2012 estimate)|
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