Saudi Arabia Google Map

This image shows the draft map of Saudi Arabia, Middle East. For more details of the map of Saudi Arabia, please see this page below.This image shows the location of Saudi Arabia, Middle East. For more geographical details of Saudi Arabia, please see this page below.This image shows the flag of Saudi Arabia, Middle East. For more details of the flag of Saudi Arabia, please see this page below.
Borderline map of Saudi ArabiaLocation map of Saudi ArabiaFlag of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia Google map

Google maps and detailed facts of Saudi Arabia (SA). This page enables you to explore Saudi Arabia and its border countries (Country Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.

Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.

There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Saudi Arabia, in Middle East, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.

Saudi Arabia Google maps™

The map below shows Saudi Arabia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.


 


The Google map above shows Saudi Arabia with its location: Middle East (geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 45 00 E) and the international borders of Saudi Arabia; total: 4,272 km. Border countries (total: 7): Iraq 811 km, Jordan 731 km, Kuwait 221 km, Oman 658 km, Qatar 87 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,307 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.


Hint: Look at the Street view in Saudi Arabia, or Middle East. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.

The map of Saudi Arabia, Middle East, is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Saudi Arabia Google map and facts/wiki.

About Saudi Arabia in detail

Where is Saudi Arabia?

Saudi Arabia, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 24 39 N 46 42 E otherwise in Middle East, in Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen.

What is the capital city of Saudi Arabia?

The capital city of Saudi Arabia is: Riyadh.

What is the time in Riyadh?

It is 8 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; the timezone of Riyadh is: UTC+3.

What is the Internet code for Saudi Arabia?

The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Saudi Arabia is: .sa

What is the size of Saudi Arabia?

The territory of Saudi Arabia is total: 2,149,690 sq km; land: 2,149,690 sq km, water: 0 sq km.

If we want to describe the size of the territory of Saudi Arabia is slightly more than one-fifth the size of the US.

If we would like to walk around and discover Saudi Arabia, we can cover a total distance: 4,272 km.

What is the water coverage of Saudi Arabia?

We have already mentioned what percentage of Saudi Arabia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 2,640 km coastline.

What is the climate like in Saudi Arabia?

The climate of Saudi Arabia is harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes.

Geographical data of Saudi Arabia

The elevation of Saudi Arabia; mean elevation: 665 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m, highest point: Jabal Sawda’ 3,133 m.

The specific geographical details of Saudi Arabia include mostly sandy desert.

Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the world without a river; extensive coastlines on the Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through the Persian Gulf and Suez Canal.

Resources and land use of Saudi Arabia

The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 80.7%; arable land 1.5%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 79.1%; forest: 0.5%; other: 18.8% (2011 estimate).

Population data of Saudi Arabia

The number of inhabitants of Saudi Arabia is 28,160,273 (July 2016 estimate).

If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that historically a population that was mostly nomadic or semi-nomadic, the Saudi population has become more settled since petroleum was discovered in the 1930s; most of the economic activities – and with it the country’s population – is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula, from Ad Dammam in the east, through Riyadh in the interior, to Mecca-Medina in the west near the Red Sea.

If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 83.1% of the total population (2015).

Most of the population in Saudi Arabia is concentrated in RIYADH (capital) 6.195 million; Jeddah 4.076 million; Mecca 1.771 million; Medina 1.28 million; Ad Dammam 1.064 million (2015).

Ethnicity in Saudi Arabia

According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%.

Spoken languages in Saudi Arabia

The spoken languages in Saudi Arabia are the following: Arabic (official language).

What are the most important religions in Saudi Arabia?

During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 estimate). Note: despite having a large expatriate community of various faiths (more than 30% of the population), most forms of public religious expression inconsistent with the government-sanctioned interpretation of Sunni Islam are restricted; non-Muslims are not allowed to have Saudi citizenship and non-Muslim places of worship are not permitted (2013).

Further population data of Saudi Arabia

The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 26.56% (male 3,835,472 / female 3,644,041) 15-24 years: 18.85% (male 2,843,422 / female 2,465,027) 25-54 years: 46.4% (male 7,401,654 / female 5,663,769) 55-64 years: 4.86% (male 747,307 / female 620,100) 65 years and over: 3.34% (male 478,244 / female 461,237) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Saudi Arabia is 1.46% (2016 estimate).

The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Saudi Arabia the birth rate is 18.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 3.3 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).

In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Saudi Arabia, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.

In the best-case scenario, although the children’s birth is postponed, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Saudi Arabia, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Saudi Arabia are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 4.7% of GDP (2014).

Economic data of Saudi Arabia

Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. It possesses about 16% of the world’s proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petrolSaudi Arabia is encouraging the growth of the private sector in order to diversify its economy and to employ more Saudi nationals. Over 6 million foreign workers play an important role in the Saudi economy, particularly in the oil and service sectors; atIn 2016, the Kingdom incurred a budget deficit estimated at 13.6% of GDP, which was financed by bond sales and drawing down reserves. Although the Kingdom can finance high deficits for several years by drawing down its considerable foreign assets or by bo.

GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Saudi Arabia is $637.8 billion (2015 estimate).

Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Saudi Arabia is 1.2% (2016 estimate) 3.5% (2015 estimate) 3.6% (2014 estimate).

These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.

A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Saudi Arabia this is $54,100 (2016 estimate) $54,500 (2015 estimate) $53,700 (2014 estimate).

In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.

What are the agricultural products Saudi Arabia produces?

The main agricultural products of Saudi Arabia are wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk.

Regarding the economy, the essential segments are crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction.

Drinking water source in Saudi Arabia

It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 97% of the population, rural: 97% of the population, total: 97% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 3% of the population, rural: 3% of the population, total: 3% of the population (2015 estimate).

The average number of childbirth in Saudi Arabia

In Saudi Arabia, the average delivery number is 2.11 children born / woman (2016 estimate).

Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Saudi Arabia

The average age of the population is 27.2 years; male: 27.9 years, female: 26.2 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Saudi Arabia it is 21 years of age; male; male and female for municipal elections.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Saudi Arabia is -0.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Saudi Arabia; a child born out of wedlock in Saudi Arabia to a Saudi mother and unknown father. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.

Is Saudi Arabia a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Saudi Arabia

Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Saudi Arabia, the hospital beds’ density is 2.1 beds / 1,000 population (2012).

According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Saudi Arabia the N/A.

However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Saudi Arabia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.

Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Saudi Arabia is 33.7% (2014).

What are the natural hazards in Saudi Arabia? Is there any?

The most known natural risk in Saudi Arabia are frequent sand and dust stormsvolcanism: despite many volcanic formations, there has been little activity in the past few centuries; volcanoes include Harrat Rahat, Harrat Khaybar, Harrat Lunayyir, and Jabal Yar.

More interesting facts about Saudi Arabia

A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam and home to Islam’s two holiest shrines in Mecca and Medina. The king’s official title is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The modern Saudi state was founded in 1932 by ABD AL-AZIZ bin Abd al-Rahman Al SAUD (Ibn Saud) after a 30-year campaign to unify most of the Arabian Peninsula. One of his male descendants rules the country today, as required by the country’s 1992 Basic Law. Following Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and 400,000 refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. The continuing presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil after the liberation of Kuwait became a source of tension between the royal family and the public until all operational US troops left the country in 2003. Major terrorist attacks in May and November 2003 spurred a strong ongoing campaign against domestic terrorism and extremism.From 2005 to 2015, King ABDALLAH incrementally modernized the Kingdom. Driven by personal ideology and political pragmatism, he introduced a series of social and economic initiatives, including expanding employment and social opportunities for women, attracting foreign investment, increasing the role of the private sector in the economy, and discouraging businesses from hiring foreign workers. Saudi Arabia saw protests during the 2011 Arab Spring among Shia Muslims in the Eastern Province, who protested primarily against the detention of political prisoners, endemic discrimination, and Bahraini and Saudi Government actions in Bahrain. Riyadh took a cautious but firm approach by arresting some protesters but releasing most of them quickly and by using its state-sponsored clerics to counter political and Islamist activism. In addition, protests were met by a strong police presence, with some arrests, but not the level of bloodshed seen in protests elsewhere in the region.The government held its first-ever elections in 2005 and 2011, when Saudis went to the polls to elect municipal councilors. In December 2015, women were allowed to vote and stand as candidates for the first time in municipal council elections, with 21 women winning seats. King SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud ascended to the throne in 2015 and placed the first next-generation prince, MUHAMMAD BIN NAIF bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud, in the line of succession as Crown Prince. He designated his son, MUHAMMAD BIN SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud, as the Deputy Crown Prince. In March 2015, Saudi Arabia led a coalition of 10 countries in a military campaign to restore the government of Yemen, which had been ousted by Huthi forces allied with former president ALI ABDULLAH al-Salih. The war in Yemen has led to civilian casualties and shortages of basic supplies, which has drawn considerable international criticism. In December 2015, Deputy Crown Prince MUHAMMAD BIN SALMAN announced Saudi Arabia would lead a 34-nation Islamic Coalition to fight terrorism. In January 2016, Saudi Arabia executed 47 people on charges of terrorism, including Shia Muslim cleric NIMR al-Nimr. Iranian protesters overran Saudi diplomatic facilities in Iran to protest al-NIMR’s execution and the Saudi government responded by cutting off diplomatic ties with Iran.

In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Saudi Arabia: 23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom).

The flag and other symbols of Saudi Arabia

The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.

This case is not an exception either, green, a traditional color in Islamic flags, with the Shahada or Muslim creed in large white Arabic script (translated as “There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God”) above a white horizontal saber (the tip points to the hoist side); design dates to the early twentieth century and is closely associated with the Al Saud family which established the kingdom in 1932; the flag is manufactured with differing obverse and reverse sides so that the Shahada reads – and the sword points – correctly from right to left on both sides. Note: the only national flag to display an inscription as its principal design; one of only three national flags that differ on their obverse and reverse sides – the others are Moldova and Paraguay.

Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.

National symbols of Saudi Arabia: palm tree surmounting two crossed swords; national colors: green, white.

Constitution of Saudi Arabia

The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.

It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂

What is the legal system of Saudi Arabia?

Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”

In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world where the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”

The legal system of Saudi Arabia is Islamic (sharia) legal system with some elements of Egyptian, French, and customary law; note – several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees.

It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.

About the legislative branch of Saudi Arabia, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura (150 seats; members appointed by the monarch to serve 4-year terms); note – in early 2013, the monarch granted women 30 seats on the Council.

About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Saudi Arabia

One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Saudi Arabia the labor force is 12.02 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Saudi Arabia is total: 13.6 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 15.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 11.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.

The rate of unemployment in Saudi Arabia is 11.2% (2016 estimate).

Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.

According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.

In Saudi Arabia, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.

Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.

The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Saudi Arabia, the GINI index is .45,9 (2013 estimate).

The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.

In Saudi Arabia, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.

About the budget and central governments debt of Saudi Arabia

The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Saudi Arabia is; revenues: $149.7 billion, expenditures: $236.7 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 23.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).

The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.

The fiscal year in Saudi Arabia is the calendar year.

In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.

Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Saudi Arabia

A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 4.4% (2016 estimate), 2.2% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 7.1% (31 December 2016 estimate).

Export/import partners and data of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Saudi Arabia is: $205.3 billion (2016 estimate), $202.3 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: petroleum and petroleum products 90% (2012 estimate).

The most important export partners of Saudi Arabia are the China 13.2%, Japan 10.9%, US 9.6%, India 9.6%, South Korea 8.5% (2015).

The most important imported products are machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 13.9%, US 12.7%, Germany 7.1%, South Korea 6.1%, India 4.5%, Japan 4.4%, UK 4.3% (2015).

Renewable energies used in Saudi Arabia

To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Saudi Arabia, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).

To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0.1% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).

Telecommunication data of Saudi Arabia, calling code

To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Saudi Arabia; modern system including a combination of extensive microwave radio relays, coaxial cables, and fiber-optic cablesdomestic: mobile-cellular subscribership has been increasing rapidlyinternational: country code – 966; landing point for the international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) and for both the SEA-ME-WE-3 and SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks providing connectivity to Asia, Middle East, Europe, and the US; microwave r (2015).

Transport infrastructure in Saudi Arabia

In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.

The number of airports in Saudi Arabia: 214 (2013), and the number of heliports: 10 (2013).

The total length of the roadways in Saudi Arabia: total: 221,372 km, paved: 47,529 km (includes 3,891 km of expressways), unpaved: 173,843 km (2006).

The total length of the waterways in Saudi Arabia: N/A.

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Facts & data about Saudi Arabia

Name of the country: conventional long way: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, traditional short form: Saudi Arabia, local long form: Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyah, local short state: Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah, etymology: named after the ruling dynasty of the country, the House of Saud; the name “Arabia” can be traced back many centuries B.C., the ancient Egyptians referred to the region as “Ar Rabi”.

Abbreviation: Saudi ArabiaGeographic coordinates:
25 00 N, 45 00 E
Country Location: Middle East
Capital of Saudi Arabia: RiyadhGPS of the Capital:
24 39 N 46 42 E
Position: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
Land area: total: 2,149,690 sq km; land: 2,149,690 sq km, water: 0 sq kmTerrain: mostly sandy desert
Area comparative: slightly more than one-fifth the size of the US
Population: 28,160,273 (July 2016 estimate)Population grow rate: 1.46% (2016 estimate) Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.15 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.31 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 1.21 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 1.05 male(s) / female, total population: 1.19 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)
Exports: $205.3 billion (2016 estimate), $202.3 billion (2015 estimate)Imports: $157.7 billion (2016 estimate), $155 billion (2015 estimate)Import partners: China 13.9%, US 12.7%, Germany 7.1%, South Korea 6.1%, India 4.5%, Japan 4.4%, UK 4.3% (2015)
Urbanization: urban population: 83.1% of the total population (2015)Major urban area(s): RIYADH (capital) 6.195 million; Jeddah 4.076 million; Mecca 1.771 million; Medina 1.28 million; Ad Dammam 1.064 million (2015)Median age: total: 27.2 years; male: 27.9 years, female: 26.2 years (2016 estimate)
Internet users: total: 19.32 million. Percent of the population: 69.6% (July 2015 estimate)Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 3,746,906. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 14 (July 2015 estimate)Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 52.796 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 190 (July 2015 estimate)
Unemployment rate: 11.2% (2016 estimate)Nationality: Saudi(s) adjective: Saudi or Saudi ArabianNational holidays: Unification of the Kingdom, 23 September (1932)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.3 years. Male: 73.2 years, female: 77.4 years (2016 estimate)Total fertility rate: 2.11 children born / woman (2016 estimate)Birthrate: 18.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)
Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 94.7%; male: 97%, female: 91.1% (2015 estimate)Legal system: Islamic (sharia) legal system with some elements of Egyptian, French, and customary law; note – several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committeesSuffrage: 21 years of age; male; male and female for municipal elections
Industries: crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, constructionIndustrial production growth rate:  0.6% (2016 estimate)GDP real growth rate: 1.2% (2016 estimate) 3.5% (2015 estimate) 3.6% (2014 estimate)

 

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