|Borderline map of Turkey||Location map of Turkey||Flag of Turkey|
Google maps and detailed facts of Turkey (TR). This page enables you to explore Turkey and its border countries (Country location: Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page.
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Turkey Google maps™
The map below shows Turkey with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show map" button.
The Google map above is showing Turkey with its location: Middle East (geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 35 00 E) and the international borders of Turkey; total: 2,816 km. Border countries (total: 8): Armenia 311 km, Azerbaijan 17 km, Bulgaria 223 km, Georgia 273 km, Greece 192 km, Iran 534 km, Iraq 367 km, Syria 899 km; furthermore, it's inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Turkey, or Middle East. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Turkey in detail
Where is Turkey?
Turkey, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 39 56 N 32 52 E otherwise in Middle East, in the southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria.
What is the capital city of Turkey?
The capital city of Turkey is: Ankara.
What is the time in Ankara?
It is 7 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Ankara is: UTC+2.
What is the Internet code for Turkey?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Turkey is: .tr
What is the size of Turkey?
The territory of Turkey is total: 783,562 sq km; land: 769,632 sq km, water: 13,930 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Turkey is slightly larger than Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Turkey, we can do that by covering a distance of total: 2,816 km.
What is the water coverage of Turkey?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of Turkey is covered by water (see below), and this includes 7,200 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Turkey?
The climate of Turkey is temperate: hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters: harsher in interior.
Geographical data of Turkey
The elevation of Turkey; mean elevation: 1,132 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m, highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m.
The typical geographical details of Turkey include high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Turkey is strategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link the Black and Aegean Seas; Mount Ararat, the legendary landing place of Noah's ark, is in the far eastern portion of the country.
Resources and land use of Turkey
The country’s main mined products are coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 49.7%; arable land 26.7%; permanent crops 4%; permanent pasture 19%; forest: 14.9%; other: 35.4% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Turkey
The number of inhabitants of Turkey is 80,274,604 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that the most densely populated area is found around the Bosporus in the northwest where 20% of the population lives in Istanbul; with the exception of Ankara, urban centers remain small and scattered throughout the interior of Anatolia; an overall pattern of peripheral development exists, particularly along the western Mediterranean coast, and the Tigris and Euphrates River systems in the southeast.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 73.4% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Turkey concentrated in Istanbul 14.164 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.75 million; Izmir 3.04 million; Bursa 1.923 million; Adana 1.83 million; Gaziantep 1.528 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Turkey
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 estimate).
Spoken languages in Turkey
The spoken languages in Turkey are the following: Turkish (official language), Kurdish, other minority languages.
What are the most important religions in Turkey?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews).
Further population data of Turkey
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 25.08% (male 10,303,153 / female 9,833,713) 15-24 years: 16.11% (male 6,605,634 / female 6,329,921) 25-54 years: 43.15% (male 17,541,137 / female 17,094,141) 55-64 years: 8.36% (male 3,335,021 / female 3,374,965) 65 years and over: 7.3% (male 2,603,655 / female 3,253,264) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Turkey is 0.9% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Turkey the birth rate is 16 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 5.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Turkey, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Turkey, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Turkey are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Turkey
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Turkey's largely free-market economy is increasingly driven by its industry and service sectors, although its traditional agriculture sector still accounts for about 25% of employment. An aggressive privatization program has reduced state involvement in bOil began to flow through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in May 2006, marking a major milestone that has brought up to 1 million barrels per day from the Caspian region to market. The joint Turkish-Azeri Trans Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) is mAfter Turkey experienced a severe financial crisis in 2001, Ankara adopted financial and fiscal reforms as part of an IMF program. The reforms strengthened the country's economic fundamentals and ushered in an era of strong growth averaging more than 6% aDespite these positive trends, GDP growth dropped to the 3-4% range in 2014-2016, largely due to lackluster consumer demand both domestically and in Europe, Turkey’s most important export market. High interest rates have also contributed to the slowdown iThe Turkish economy retains significant weaknesses. Specifically, Turkey's relatively high current account deficit, uncertain commitment to structural reform, and turmoil within Turkey's neighborhood leave the economy vulnerable to destabilizing shifts in.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Turkey is $735.7 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Turkey is 3.3% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 3% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Turkey this is $21,100 (2016 estimate) $20,700 (2015 estimate) $20,100 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Turkey produces?
The main agricultural products of Turkey are tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulses, citrus; livestock.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are textiles, food processing, automobiles, electronics, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on textiles, food processing, automobiles, electronics, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper.
Drinking water source in Turkey
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 100% of the population, rural: 100% of the population, total: 100% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0% of the population, rural: 0% of the population, total: 0% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Turkey
In Turkey, the average number of delivery is 2.03 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Turkey
The average age of the population is total: 30.5 years; male: 30.1 years, female: 31 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Turkey it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Turkey is -1.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Turkey. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, but requires prior permission from the governmentresidency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Turkey a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Turkey
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Turkey density of the hospital beds is 2.5 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Turkey the N/A.
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Turkey the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Turkey is 29.4% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Turkey? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Turkey are severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Vanvolcanism: limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier.
More interesting facts about Turkey
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." Under his leadership, the country adopted radical social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democrat Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy fractured by periods of instability and military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of formal political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of Then Islamic-oriented Government. A coup attempt was made in July 2016 by a faction of the Turkish Armed Forces. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes.
A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) has long dominated the Turkish military's attention and claimed more than 40,000 lives. In 2013, the PKK and the Turkish Government agreed to a cease-fire, but fighting resumed in 2015. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1963, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community; it began accession membership talks with the EU in 2005. Over the past decade, economic reforms have contributed to a growing economy, although economic growth slowed in recent years. From 2015 and continuing in 2016, Turkey witnessed an uptick in terrorist violence. The attacks have included bombings in Ankara, Istanbul, and throughout the predominantly Kurdish southeastern region of Turkey. On 15 July 2016, elements of the Turkish Armed forces attempted a coup at key Government and infrastructure locations in Ankara and Istanbul. An estimated 300 people were killed and over 2,000 injured when Turkish citizens took to the streets en masse to confront the coup forces. In response, Turkish Government authorities arrested and/or dismissed thousands of military personnel, journalists, and civil servants, including judges and educators, over their alleged connection with the attempted coup. The Government accused followers of an Islamic transnational religious and social movement for allegedly instigating the failed coup and designates the followers as terrorists. Following the failed coup, the Turkish Government instituted a three-month State of Emergency in July 2016 that extended in October 2016. The Turkish Government is considering changing Turkey to an executive presidency.
In every nation's memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Turkey: 29 October 1923 (republic proclaimed succeeding to the Ottoman Empire).
The flag and other symbols of Turkey
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, red with a vertical white crescent moon (the closed portion is toward the hoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside the crescent opening; the flag colors and designs closely resemble those on the banner of the Ottoman Empire, which preceded modern-day Turkey; the crescent moon and star serve as insignia for Turkic peoples; according to one interpretation, the flag represents the reflection of the moon and a star in a pool of blood of Turkish warriors.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Turkey: star and crescent; national colors: red, white.
Constitution of Turkey
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Turkey?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Turkey is a civil law system based on various European legal systems, notably the Swiss civil code.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Turkey, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey or Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi (550 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 1 November 2015 (next to be held on June 2019)election results: percent of vote by party - AKP 49.5%, CHP 25.3%, MHP 11.9%, HDP 10.8%, other 2.6%; seats by party - AKP 317, CHP 134, MHP 40, HDP 59; note - only parties surpassing the 10% threshold can win parliamentary seats.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Turkey
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Turkey, the labor force is 30.24 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Turkey is total: 18.2 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 19.4 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 16.9 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Turkey is 9.8% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Turkey, the income of households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 30.3% (2008).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Turkey, the GINI index is .40,2 (2010).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Turkey, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 30.3% (2008).
About the budget and central governments debt of Turkey
The available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Turkey is; revenues: $184.3 billion, expenditures: $198.8 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 25% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Turkey is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state's local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Turkey
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 8% (2016 estimate), 7.7% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 15.2% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Turkey
Turkey, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Turkey is: $150.1 billion (2016 estimate), $152 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment.
The most important imported products are machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 12%, Germany 10.3%, Russia 9.9%, US 5.4%, Italy 5.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Turkey
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Turkey, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 34.3% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 4.6% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Turkey, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Turkey; comprehensive telecommunications network undergoing rapid modernization and expansion, especially in mobile-cellular services domestic: additional digital exchanges are permitting a rapid increase in subscribers; the construction of a network of technologically advanced intercity trunk lines, using both fiber-optic cable and digital microwave radio relay, is facilitating communication bet international: country code - 90; international service is provided by the SEA-ME-WE-3 submarine cable and by submarine fiber-optic cables in the Mediterranean and Black Seas that link Turkey with Italy, Greece, Israel, Bulgaria, Romania, and Russia; satellite earth sta (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Turkey
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Turkey: 98 (2013), and the number of heliports: 20 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Turkey: total: 385,754 km, paved: 352,268 km (includes 2,127 km of expressways), unpaved: 33,486 km (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Turkey: 1,200 km (2010).
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Facts & data about Turkey
Name of the country: conventional long form: the Republic of Turkey, conventional short form: Turkey, local long form: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti, local short form: Turkiye, etymology: the name means "Land of the Turks."
|Abbrevation: Turkey||Geographic coordinates:
39 00 N, 35 00 E
|Country location: Middle East|
|Capital of Turkey: Ankara||GPS of the Capital:
39 56 N 32 52 E
|Position: Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria|
|Land area: total: 783,562 sq km; land: 769,632 sq km, water: 13,930 sq km||Terrain: high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges
||Area comparative: slightly larger than Texas|
|Population: 80,274,604 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.9% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.03 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s) / female, total population: 1.01 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $150.1 billion (2016 estimate), $152 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $197.8 billion (2016 estimate), $200.1 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 12%, Germany 10.3%, Russia 9.9%, US 5.4%, Italy 5.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 73.4% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): Istanbul 14.164 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.75 million; Izmir 3.04 million; Bursa 1.923 million; Adana 1.83 million; Gaziantep 1.528 million (2015)||Median age: total: 30.5 years; male: 30.1 years, female: 31 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 42.681 million. Percent of the population: 53.7% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 11,493,057. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 14 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 73.639 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 93 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 9.8% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Turk(s) adjective: Turkish||National holidays: Republic Day, 29 October (1923)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.8 years. Male: 72.5 years, female: 77.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.03 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 16 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 95%; male: 98.4%, female: 91.8% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system based on various European legal systems notably the Swiss civil code||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: textiles, food processing, automobiles, electronics, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper||Industrial production growth rate: 4.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.3% (2016 estimate) 4% (2015 estimate) 3% (2014 estimate)|
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