Madagascar

Driving Directions Madagascar

MADAGASCAR is an island state in the Indian Ocean. It lies off the southeast coast of Africa and is separated from the mainland by the Mozambique Channel. There are several smaller islands. The main island is the fourth largest island in the world.

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The center of Madagascar made up of high, savannah-covered plateaux. A chain of forested mountains falls steeply to the coast in the east, while the land in the southwest falls gradually through dry grassland and scrub. The capital, Antananarivo, is situated at over 2,500 meters or 8,202 feet in the center of the island.

Google maps™ Madagascar


The climate becomes wetter moving north, and the southern tip is semidesert.

Madagascar is a relatively developing country, and most of the population work in agriculture, although only a small proportion of the land is suitable for cultivation. The staple food crop is rice, but cassava, potatoes, maize, beans, and bananas are also grown. Some coffee, vanilla, and sugar cane are grown for export. The hardwood forests have only been used thus far for local needs.

Fishing is also a potential source of higher revenue while there are significant mineral deposits which are mostly unexploited. These include offshore oil, chromite, salt, and uranium.

Due to Madagascar’s isolation from mainland Africa, there are several species of plants and animals that are quite different from mainland species, such as the lemur. As a result, many tourists come to Madagascar to explore this aspect of the country’s fauna and flora.

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