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Africa is the world’s second-largest continent, with a total area of 11,712,434 sq miles (30,335,000 sq km). It has 54 separate countries, including Madagascar, in the Indian Ocean. It straddles the equator and is the only continent to stretch from the northern to southern temperate zones.

Area: 11,633,846 sq miles (30,131,536 sq km).
The highest point is Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, which is 19,341 ft (5,895 m).
The lowest Point is Lac ‘Assal, Djibouti, -512 ft (-156 m) below sea level.
The longest river is the Nile, Egypt/Sudan/Uganda, which is 4,187 miles (6,738 km).
The largest lake is L. Victoria, Tanzania/Uganda/Kenya, which is 26,828 sq miles (69,484 sq km).
The largest island is Madagascar, which is 226,660 sq miles (587,040 sq km).
The highest recorded temperature in Al’Aziziyah, Libya, is 136°F (58 °C).
The lowest recorded temperature is in Ifrane, Morocco, at 11°F (-24 °C).
The wettest place is Cape Debundsha, Cameroon, at 405 in (10,290 mm).
The driest Place is Wadi Halfa, Sudan <0.1 in (<2.5 mm).
Population: approximately 849,000,000 people.
The number of countries: 53.

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