The United Arab Emirates

Driving Directions The United Arab Emirates (UAE)

THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (UAE) is a federation of seven oil-rich sheikdoms located in The Gulf. The Emirates have loosely defined bound­aries and occupy a region that was formerly known as the Pirate Coast and later, the Trucial States. The largest is Abu Dhabi, while the others are Dubai (Dubayy), Sharjah, Ras al Khaymah, Al Fujayrah, Ajman, and Umm al Quwain.

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As well as its main coast on The Gulf, the country has a short shoreline on the Gulf of Oman. The land is mainly flat, sandy desert except to the north on the peninsula where the Hajar Mountains rise to 2,081 meters or 6,828 feet.

Google maps™ The United Arab Emirates (UAE)


The summers are hot and humid, with temperatures reaching 49°C or 120°F, but from October to May, the weather is warm and sunny with pleasant, cool evenings. Rainfall is, at best, very light. The only fertile areas are the Emirate of Ras al Khaymah, the coastal plain of Al Fujayrah, and the oases.

Vegetation and wildlife are limited and adapted to desert conditions with virtually no cultivation possible. Abu Dhabi and Dubai are the main industrial centers and, using their wealth from the oil industry; they are now diversifying industry by building aluminum smelters, cement factories, and steel­rolling mills.

Education is compulsory for 12 years from the age of six. Before the development of the oil industry, traditional occupations were pearl diving, growing dates, fishing and camel breeding.

Dubai is the wealthiest state in the world.

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