|Borderline map of Iraq||Location map of Iraq||Flag of Iraq|
Google maps and detailed facts of Iraq, (IQ). This page enables you to explore Iraq and its border countries (Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
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Iraq Google Map
The map below shows Iraq with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Iraq with its location: Middle East, (geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 44 00 E) and the international borders of Iraq; total: 3,809 km. Border countries (total: 6): Iran 1,599 km, Jordan 179 km, Kuwait 254 km, Saudi Arabia 811 km, Syria 599 km, Turkey 367 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Iraq, or Middle East. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
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About Iraq in detail
Where is Iraq?
Iraq, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 33 20 N 44 24 E otherwise in Middle East, in Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait.
What is the capital of Iraq?
The capital city of Iraq is: Baghdad.
What is the time in Baghdad?
It is 8 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Baghdad is: UTC+3.
What is the Internet code for Iraq?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Iraq is: .iq
What is the size of Iraq?
The territory of Iraq is total: 438,317 sq km; land: 437,367 sq km, water: 950 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Iraq is slightly more than three times the size of New York state.
If we would like to walk around and discover Iraq, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 3,809 km.
What is the water coverage of Iraq?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Iraq is covered by water (see below), and this includes 58 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Iraq?
The climate of Iraq is mostly desert: mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers: northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq.
Geographical data of Iraq
The elevation of Iraq; mean elevation: 312 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m, highest point: Cheekha Dar 3,611 m.
The typical geographical details of Iraq include mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Iraq is strategic location on Shatt al Arab waterway and at the head of the Persian Gulf.
Resources and land use of Iraq
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 18.1%; arable land 8.4%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 9.2%; forest: 1.9%; other: 80% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Iraq
The number of inhabitants of Iraq is 38,146,025 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that population is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country, with many of the larger agglomerations found along extensive parts of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; much of the western and southern areas are either lightly populated or uninhabited.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 69.5% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Iraq is concentrated in BAGHDAD (capital) 6.643 million; Mosul 1.694 million; Erbil 1.166 million; Basra 1.019 million; As Sulaymaniyah 1.004 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Iraq
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, other 5%.
Spoken languages in Iraq
The spoken languages in Iraq are the following: Arabic (official language), Kurdish (official language), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect) and Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic) are official language in areas where they constitute a majority of the population), Armenian.
What are the most important religions in Iraq?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim (official) 99% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian 0.8%, Hindu.
Further population data of Iraq
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 39.88% (male 7,766,832 / female 7,445,633) 15-24 years: 19.07% (male 3,703,302 / female 3,572,702) 25-54 years: 33.7% (male 6,499,345 / female 6,354,506) 55-64 years: 3.96% (male 720,976 / female 790,301) 65 years and over: 3.39% (male 574,521 / female 717,907) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Iraq is 2.87% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Iraq the birth rate is 30.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 3.8 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Iraq the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Iraq, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Iraq are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Iraq
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Iraq's GDP grew by more than 10% in 2016, the best performance in the past decade, because of rising oil prices, which are a significant driver of Iraqi GDP. During 2016, security and financial stability throughout Iraq began to improve as Iraqi SecurityIraq's largely state-run economy is dominated by the oil sector, which provides more than 90% of government revenue and 80% of foreign exchange earnings. Oil exports in 2016 averaged 3.3 million barrels per day from southern Iraq, up from 2015. Moreover,Iraqi oil exports from northern fields are hampered by fundamental disagreements between the Iraqi Government and autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq’s Kurdistan region (IKR) on the roles of federal and regional authorities in the develIraq is making slow progress enacting laws and developing the institutions needed to implement economic policy, and political reforms are still needed to assuage investors' concerns regarding the uncertain business climate. The Government of Iraq is eagerInflation has remained under control since 2006. However, Iraqi leaders remain hard-pressed to translate macroeconomic gains into an improved standard of living for the Iraqi populace. Unemployment remains a problem throughout the country despite a bloate.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Iraq is $156.3 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Iraq is 10.3% (2016 estimate) -2.4% (2015 estimate) -0.4% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Iraq this is $16,500 (2016 estimate) $15,400 (2015 estimate) $16,200 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Iraq produces?
The main agricultural products of Iraq are wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton; cattle, sheep, poultry.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing.
Drinking water source in Iraq
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 93.8% of population, rural: 70.1% of population, total: 86.6% of population. Unimproved: urban: 6.1% of population, rural: 31.5% of population, total: 14.6% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Iraq
In Iraq the average number of childbirth is 4.06 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Iraq
The average age of the population is total: 19.9 years; male: 19.6 years, female: 20.2 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Iraq it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Iraq is 1.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Iraq. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Iraq a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Iraq
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Iraq density of the hospital beds is 1.3 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Iraq the degree of risk: intermediatefood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Iraq the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Iraq is 21.2% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Iraq? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Iraq are dust storms; sandstorms; floods.
More interesting facts about Iraq
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by the United Kingdom during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and to train and mentor Iraqi security forces.In October 2005, Iraqis approved a constitution in a national referendum and, pursuant to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (COR) in December 2005. The COR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half century. Nearly nine years after the start of the Second Gulf War in Iraq, US military operations there ended in mid-December 2011. In January 2009 and April 2013, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all governorates except for the three comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and Kirkuk Governorate. Iraq held a national legislative election in March 2010 - choosing 325 legislators in an expanded COR - and, after nine months of deadlock the COR approved the new government in December 2010. In April 2014, Iraq held a national legislative election and expanded the COR to 328 legislators. Prime Minister Nuri al-MALIKI dropped his bid for a third term in office, enabling new Prime Minister Haydar al-ABADI, a Shia Muslim from Baghdad, to win legislative approval of his new cabinet in September 2014. Since 2014, Iraq has been engaged in a military campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) to recapture territory lost in the western and northern portion of the country..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Iraq: 3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration); note - on 28 June 2004 the Coalition Provisional Authority transferred sovereignty to the Iraqi Interim Government.
The flag and other symbols of Iraq
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning "God is great") in green Arabic script is centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white); the Council of Representatives approved this flag in 2008 as a compromise temporary replacement for the Ba'athist SADDAM-era flag. Note: similar to the flag of Syria, which has two stars but no script; Yemen, which has a plain white band; and that of Egypt, which has a golden Eagle of Saladin centered in the white band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Iraq: golden eagle; national colors: red, white, black.
Constitution of Iraq
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Iraq?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Iraq is mixed legal system of civil and Islamic law.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Iraq, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Council of Representatives or Majlis an-Nuwwab al-Iraqiyy (328 seats; 320 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 8 seats reserved for minorities; members serve 4-year terms); note - Iraq's constitution calls for the establishment of an upper house, the Federation Council, but it has not been institutedelections: last held on 30 April 2014 (next to be held in 2018)election results: Council of Representatives - percent of vote by party/coalition - NA; seats by coalition/party – State of Law Coalition 95, Ahrar Bloc/Sadrist Trend 34, ISCI/Muwatin 30, KDP 25, United for Reform Coalition/Muttahidun 23, PUK 21, Nationalism Coalition/Wataniyah 19, other Sunni coalitions/parties 15, Al-Arabiyah Coalition 10, Goran 9, other Shia parties/coalitions 9, Fadilah 6, National Reform Trend 6, Iraq Coalition 5, KIU 4, other 17.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Iraq
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Iraq the labor force is 8.9 million (2010 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Iraq is total: 37.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 40.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 34.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Iraq is 16% (2012 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Iraq, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.6% highhest 10%: 25.7% (2007 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Iraq the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Iraq the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 3.6% highhest 10%: 25.7% (2007 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Iraq
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Iraq is; revenues: $52.43 billion, expenditures: $77.87 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 33.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Iraq is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Iraq
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 2.4% (2016 estimate), 1.4% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 4.5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Iraq
Iraq, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Iraq is: $44.67 billion (2016 estimate), $54.67 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: crude oil 99%, crude materials excluding fuels, food, live animals.
The most important imported products are: food, medicine, manufactures, and the countries from where the import is coming: Turkey 20.7%, Syria 19.6%, China 19.2%, US 4.8%, Russia 4.4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Iraq
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Iraq, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 7.6% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Iraq, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Iraq; the 2003 liberation of Iraq severely disrupted telecommunications throughout Iraq; widespread government efforts to rebuild domestic and international communications have slowed due to the ongoing conflict with ISILdomestic: the mobile cellular market continues to expand (cell phones were banned prior to 2003 under the SADDAM regime); 3G services offered by three major mobile operators in 2015; ongoing conflict has destroyed infrastructure in areasinternational: country code - 964; satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - 1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik - Atlantic Ocean region, and 1 Arabsat (inoperative)); local microwave radio relay connects border regions to Jordan, Kuwait, Syria, and Tur (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Iraq
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Iraq: 102 (2013), and the number of heliports: 16 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Iraq: total: 59,623 km, paved: 59,623 km (includes Kurdistan Region) (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Iraq: 5,279 km (the Euphrates River (2,815 km), Tigris River (1,899 km), and Third River (565 km) are the principal waterways) (2012).
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Facts about Iraq
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Iraq, conventional short form: Iraq, local long form: Jumhuriyat al-Iraq/Komar-i Eraq, local short form: Al Iraq/Eraq, etymology: the name probably derives from "Uruk" (Biblical "Erech"), the ancient Sumerian and Babylonian city on the Euphrates River.
|Abbrevation: Iraq||Geographic coordinates:
33 00 N, 44 00 E
|Location: Middle East|
|Capital of Iraq: Baghdad||GPS of the Capital:
33 20 N 44 24 E
|Position: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait|
|Land area: total: 438,317 sq km; land: 437,367 sq km, water: 950 sq km||Terrain: mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey
||Area comparative: slightly more than three times the size of New York state|
|Population: 38,146,025 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.87% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.91 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s) / female, total population: 1.02 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $44.67 billion (2016 estimate), $54.67 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $43.27 billion (2016 estimate), $43.84 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Turkey 20.7%, Syria 19.6%, China 19.2%, US 4.8%, Russia 4.4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 69.5% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): BAGHDAD (capital) 6.643 million; Mosul 1.694 million; Erbil 1.166 million; Basra 1.019 million; As Sulaymaniyah 1.004 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 19.9 years; male: 19.6 years, female: 20.2 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 6.381 million. Percent of population: 17.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 1.997 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 5 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 33.559 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 91 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 16% (2012 estimate)||Nationality: Iraqi(s) adjective: Iraqi||National holidays: Republic Day, July 14 (1958)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.9 years. Male: 72.6 years, female: 77.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.06 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 30.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 79.7%; male: 85.7%, female: 73.7% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil and Islamic law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing||Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 10.3% (2016 estimate) -2.4% (2015 estimate) -0.4% (2014 estimate)|
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