|Borderline map of Iraq||Location map of Iraq||Flag of Iraq|
Google maps and detailed facts of Iraq (IQ). This page enables you to explore Iraq and its border countries (Country Location: the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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Iraq Google Maps & Satellite Maps
The map below shows Iraq with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Iraq with its location: Middle East (geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 44 00 E) and the international borders of Iraq; total: 3,809 km. Border countries (total: 6): Iran 1,599 km, Jordan 179 km, Kuwait 254 km, Saudi Arabia 811 km, Syria 599 km, Turkey 367 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Iraq or the Middle East. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Iraq in detail
Where is Iraq?
Iraq, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 33 20 N 44 24 E otherwise in the Middle East, in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait.
What is the capital city of Iraq?
The capital city of Iraq is Baghdad.
What is the time in Baghdad?
It is 8 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Baghdad’s timezone is UTC+3.
What is the Internet code for Iraq?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Iraq is: .iq
What is the size of Iraq?
The territory of Iraq is total: 438,317 sq km; land: 437,367 sq km, water: 950 sq km.
If we want to describe Iraq’s territory’s size, it is slightly more than three times the New York state’s size.
If we would like to walk around and discover Iraq, we can cover a total distance: 3,809 km.
What is the water coverage of Iraq?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Iraq is covered by water (see below), including a 58 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Iraq?
The climate of Iraq is mostly desert: mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers: northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq.
Geographical data of Iraq
The elevation of Iraq; mean elevation: 312 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m, highest point: Cheekha Dar 3,611 m.
Iraq’s specific geographical details include mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along the Iranian border in the south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Iraq is a strategic location on the Shatt al Arab waterway and at the head of the Persian Gulf.
Resources and land use of Iraq
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 18.1%; arable land 8.4%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 9.2%; forest: 1.9%; other: 80% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Iraq
The number of inhabitants of Iraq is 38,146,025 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that the population is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country, with many of the larger agglomerations found along with extensive parts of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; much of the western and southern areas are either lightly populated or uninhabited.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 69.5% of the total population (2015).
Most of the Iraq population is concentrated in BAGHDAD (capital) 6.643 million; Mosul 1.694 million; Erbil 1.166 million; Basra 1.019 million; As Sulaymaniyah 1.004 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Iraq
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, other 5%.
Spoken languages in Iraq
The spoken languages in Iraq are the following: Arabic (official language), Kurdish (official language), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect) and Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic) are official languages in areas where they constitute a majority of the population), Armenian.
What are the most important religions in Iraq?
Researchers examine the churches during the general census: Muslim (official) 99% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian 0.8%, Hindu.
Further population data of Iraq
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 39.88% (male 7,766,832 / female 7,445,633) 15-24 years: 19.07% (male 3,703,302 / female 3,572,702) 25-54 years: 33.7% (male 6,499,345 / female 6,354,506) 55-64 years: 3.96% (male 720,976 / female 790,301) 65 years and over: 3.39% (male 574,521 / female 717,907) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Iraq is 2.87% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Iraq the birth rate is 30.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 3.8 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Iraq, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Iraq, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Iraq are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is 5.5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Iraq
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Iraq’s GDP grew by more than 10% in 2016, the best performance in the past decade, because of rising oil prices, which are a significant driver of Iraqi GDP. During 2016, Iraq’s security and financial stability began to improve as Iraqi Security. Iraq’s largely state-run economy is dominated by the oil sector, which provides more than 90% of government revenue and 80% of foreign exchange earnings. Oil exports in 2016 averaged 3.3 million barrels per day from southern Iraq, up from 2015. Political reforms are still needed to assuage investors’ concerns regarding the uncertain business climate. The Government of Iraq is eager inflation has remained under control since 2006. However, Iraqi leaders remain hard-pressed to translate macroeconomic gains into an improved standard of living for the Iraqi populace. Unemployment remains a problem throughout the country.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Iraq is $156.3 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Iraq is 10.3% (2016 estimate) -2.4% (2015 estimate) -0.4% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Iraq this is $16,500 (2016 estimate) $15,400 (2015 estimate) $16,200 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Iraq produces?
Iraq’s main agricultural products are wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton, cattle, sheep, poultry.
The essential segments are petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, and metal fabrication/processing. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing.
Drinking water source in Iraq
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 93.8% of the population, rural: 70.1% of the people, total: 86.6% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 6.1% of the people, rural: 31.5% of the population, total: 14.6% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Iraq
In Iraq, the average delivery number is 4.06 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Iraq
The population’s average age is 19.9 years; male: 19.6 years, female: 20.2 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Iraq; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Iraq is 1.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Iraq. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, the residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years.
Is Iraq a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Iraq
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Iraq, the hospital beds’ density is 1.3 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Iraq, the degree of risk: intermediate food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Iraq, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Iraq is 21.2% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Iraq? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Iraq is dust storms; sandstorms, floods.
More interesting facts about Iraq
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by the United Kingdom during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A “republic” was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality, a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88).
In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait’s liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all mass destruction weapons and long-range missiles and allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over 12 years led to the US-led Iraq invasion in March 2003 and the SADDAM Husayregime’s ousterme. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and train and mentor Iraqi security forces.
In October 2005, Iraqis approved a national referendum constitution and, according to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (COR) in December 2005. The COR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq’s first constitutional government in nearly a half-century. Almost nine years after the start of the Second Gulf War in Iraq, US military operations there ended in mid-December 2011. In January 2009 and April 2013, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all governorates except for the three comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and Kirkuk Governorate. Iraq had a national legislative election in March 2010 – choosing 325 legislators in an expanded COR – and, after nine months of deadlock, the COR approved the new government in December 2010. In April 2014, Iraq held a national legislative election and expanded the COR to 328 legislators. Prime Minister Nuri al-MALIKI dropped his bid for a third term in office, enabling new Prime Minister Haydar al-ABADI, a Shia Muslim from Baghdad, to win legislative approval his new cabinet in September 2014. Since 2014, Iraq has been engaged in a military campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) to recapture territory lost in its western and northern portions.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Iraq: 3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration); note – on 28 June 2004, the Coalition Provisional Authority transferred sovereignty to the Iraqi Interim Government.
The flag and other symbols of Iraq
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning “God is great”) in green Arabic script is centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white); the Council of Representatives approved this flag in 2008 as a compromise temporary replacement for the Ba’athist SADDAM-era flag. Note: similar to the flag of Syria, which has two stars, but no script; Yemen, which has a plain white band; and Egypt, which has a golden Eagle of Saladin centered in the white band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Iraq: golden eagle; national colors: red, white, black.
Constitution of Iraq
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Iraq?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Iraq is a mixed legal system of civil and Islamic law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Iraq, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Council of Representatives or Majlis an-Nuwwab al-Iraqiyy (328 seats; 320 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and eight seats reserved for minorities; members serve 4-year terms); note – Iraq’s constitution calls for the establishment of an upper house, the Federation Council, but it has not been instituted elections.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Iraq
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Iraq, the labor force is 8.9 million (2010 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Iraq is total: 37.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 40.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 34.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Iraq is 16% (2012 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Iraq, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.6% highest 10%: 25.7% (2007 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Iraq, the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Iraq, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 3.6% highest 10%: 25.7% (2007 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Iraq
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Iraq is; revenues: $52.43 billion, expenditures: $77.87 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 33.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Iraq is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Iraq
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 2.4% (2016 estimate), 1.4% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 4.5% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Iraq
Iraq, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Iraq is: $44.67 billion (2016 estimate), $54.67 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: crude oil 99%, crude materials excluding fuels, food, live animals.
The most important export partners of Iraq are China 22.6%, India 21.1%, South Korea 11.2%, the United States 7.8%, Italy 6.7%, Greece 6% (2015).
The most important imported products are food, medicine, manufacturers, and the countries from where the import is coming: Turkey 20.7%, Syria 19.6%, China 19.2%, the United States 4.8%, Russia 4.4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Iraq
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Iraq, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 7.6% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Iraq, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Iraq; the 2003 liberation of Iraq severely disrupted telecommunications throughout Iraq; widespread government efforts to rebuild domestic and international communications have slowed due to the ongoing conflict with ISIL. Domestic: the mobile cellular market continues to expand (cell phones were banned before 2003 under the SADDAM regime); 3G services offered by three major mobile operators in 2015; ongoing conflict has destroyed infrastructure in areas. International: country code – 964; satellite earth stations – 4 (2 Intelsat – 1 the Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik – Atlantic Ocean region, and 1 Arabsat (inoperative)); local microwave radio relay connects border regions to Jordan, Kuwait, Syria, and Turkey (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Iraq
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Iraq: 102 (2013), and the number of heliports: 16 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Iraq: 59,623 km, paved: 59,623 km (includes Kurdistan Region) (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Iraq: 5,279 km (the Euphrates River (2,815 km), Tigris River (1,899 km), and Third River (565 km) are the principal waterways) (2012).
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Facts & data about Iraq
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Republic of Iraq, traditional short form: Iraq, local long form: Jumhuriyat al-Iraq/Komar-i Eraq, local short state: Al Iraq/Eraq, etymology: the name probably derives from “Uruk” (Biblical “Erech”), the ancient Sumerian and Babylonian city on the Euphrates River.
|Abbreviation: Iraq||Geographic coordinates:
33 00 N, 44 00 E
|Country Location: Middle East|
|Capital of Iraq: Baghdad||GPS of the Capital:
33 20 N 44 24 E
|Position: the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait|
|Land area: total: 438,317 sq km; land: 437,367 sq km, water: 950 sq km||Terrain: mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey
||Area comparative: slightly more than three times the size of New York state|
|Population: 38,146,025 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 2.87% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.02 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.91 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s) / female, total population: 1.02 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $44.67 billion (2016 estimate), $54.67 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $43.27 billion (2016 estimate), $43.84 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Turkey 20.7%, Syria 19.6%, China 19.2%, US 4.8%, Russia 4.4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 69.5% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): BAGHDAD (capital) 6.643 million; Mosul 1.694 million; Erbil 1.166 million; Basra 1.019 million; As Sulaymaniyah 1.004 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 19.9 years; male: 19.6 years, female: 20.2 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 6.381 million. Percent of the population: 17.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 1.997 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 5 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 33.559 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 91 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 16% (2012 estimate)||Nationality: Iraqi(s) adjective: Iraqi||National holidays: Republic Day, July 14 (1958)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.9 years. Male: 72.6 years, female: 77.2 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 4.06 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 30.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 79.7%; male: 85.7%, female: 73.7% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: mixed legal system of civil and Islamic law||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing||Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 10.3% (2016 estimate) -2.4% (2015 estimate) -0.4% (2014 estimate)|
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