Togo

Driving Directions Togo

TOGO is a tiny republic with a narrow coastal plain on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. It is a thin “fingerlike” country, pushing inland and north­wards from the Gulf of Guinea and sandwiched between Ghana and Benin.

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The country nowhere exceeds 125 kilometers or 75 miles in width and extends for about 500 kilometers or 312 miles from north to south. The main feature is a central range of low mountains, the Togo Highlands (700-986 meters or 2,300-3,235 feet), which extend northeast-southwest. High plateaux, mainly in the more southerly fields, are heavily forested with teak, mahogany, and bamboo. Northeast of these lies the Oti plateau and plain, which is covered by savannah grassland and drained by the Oti River.

Google maps™ Togo


There is a region of coastal marshes and lagoons with thick mangrove forests in the south and an area of tropical jungle in the southwest. Beyond this to the north, savannah grassland is the primary type of vegetation.

Wildlife species are varied and include birds, monkeys, snakes, crocodiles, hippopotamus, antelope, and lion. Togo has a tropical climate with a significant rainy season from March to July and a minor one from October to November. The north is affected by the dry harmattan wind from the Sahara during December and January.

Over 80 percent of the population is involved in subsistence farming with yams, cassava, sorghum, and millet as the principal crops. Minerals, particularly phosphates, are now the primary export earners along with raw cotton, coffee, cocoa beans, cement, and palm kernels.

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