Senegal

Driving Directions Senegal

SENEGAL is a former French colony in West Africa that extends from the most western point in Africa, Cape Verde, to the border with Mali. The Republic of Senegal consists mainly of a low-lying savannah plain with high­er ground only in the extreme southeast. The Fouta Djallon Mountains in the south rise to 1,515 meters or 4,971 feet. The River Senegal forms the northern boundary and other rivers further south include the Gambia.

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Senegal has a hot, tropical climate. It is dry in the north but becomes progressively wetter towards the south.

Google maps™ Senegal


Natural vegetation in the north of the country consists of Sahel savannah grassland with some thorny bushes and isolated trees.

Further south, with the greater amounts of rainfall, the vegetation becomes much lusher and there are areas of dense tropical forest.

Wildlife is very diverse and includes large grazing mammals, monkeys, hippopotamus, reptiles, and many bird species. The most densely populated region is in the southwest.

Agriculture accounts for almost 80 percent of the workforce. Peanuts and cotton are grown for export and millet, sugar cane, maize, rice, and sorghum as subsistence crops. Increased production of crops such as rice and tomatoes has been encouraged for the country to achieve self-sufficiency in food.

The country’s economy is mainly dependent on peanuts, but there is a growing manufacturing sector, including food processing and the production of cement, chemicals, and tinned tuna. Tourism is also expanding.

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