Tanzania

Driving Directions Tanzania

TANZANIA, a republic on the east coast of central southern Africa, comprises a large mainland area and the islands of Pemba and Zanzibar. Tanzania lies east of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia, south of Kenya and north of Mozambique with the Indian Ocean in the east.

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The mainland consists mostly of coastal plains, a central plateau rising to high grasslands and mountain ranges, and the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley. The coastal strip is rich in tropical vegetation, while the other areas consist of savannah, semidesert, and bush cover.

Google maps™ Tanzania


The cli­mate is very varied and mainly controlled by altitude and distance from the sea. The coast is hot and humid, the central plateau drier and the mountains semi temperate.

Some 80 percent of Tanzanians make a living from the land, producing corn, cassava, millet, rice, plantains, and sorghum for home consumption. Cash crops include cotton, tobacco, tea, sisal, cashews, and coffee. Fishing is an important activity, particularly in inland waters.

Pemba and Zanzibar produce the bulk of the world’s cloves. Diamond mining is an important industry, and there are also sizeable deposits of iron ore, coal, and tin.

Although Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world, it has a wealth of natural wonders, such as the Serengeti Plain and its wildlife. The Ngorongoro Crater, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the Olduvai Gorge, where fossil fragments of early humans found, all of which attract large numbers of tourists, making a significant contribution to the country’s economy.

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