Iran Google Map

This image shows the draft map of Iran, Middle East. For more details of the map of Iran, please see this page below.This image shows the location of Iran, Middle East. For more geographical details of Iran, please see this page below.This image shows the flag of Iran, Middle East. For more details of the flag of Iran, please see this page below.
Borderline map of IranLocation map of IranFlag of Iran

Iran Google map

Google maps and detailed facts of Iran (IR). This page enables you to explore Iran and its border countries (Country Location: Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.

Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.

There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Iran, in Middle East, starts here at Driving Directions and

Iran Google maps™

The map below shows Iran with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.


The Google map above shows Iran with its location: Middle East (geographic coordinates: 32 00 N, 53 00 E) and the international borders of Iran; total: 5,894 km. Border countries (total: 7): Afghanistan 921 km, Armenia 44 km, Azerbaijan 689 km, Iraq 1,599 km, Pakistan 959 km, Turkey 534 km, Turkmenistan 1,148 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.

Hint: Look at the Street view in Iran, or Middle East. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.

The map of Iran, Middle East, is for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Iran Google map and facts/wiki.

About Iran in detail

Where is Iran?

Iran, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 35 42 N 51 25 E otherwise in Middle East, in Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan.

What is the capital city of Iran?

The capital city of Iran is: Tehran.

What is the time in Tehran?

It is 8.5 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; the timezone of Tehran is: UTC+3.5.

What is the Internet code for Iran?

The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Iran is: .ir

What is the size of Iran?

The territory of Iran is total: 1,648,195 sq km; land: 1,531,595 sq km, water: 116,600 sq km.

If we want to describe the size of the territory of Iran is almost 2.5 times the size of Texas; somewhat smaller than Alaska.

If we would like to walk around and discover Iran, we can cover a total distance: 5,894 km.

What is the water coverage of Iran?

We have already mentioned what percentage of Iran is covered by water (see below), and this includes 2,440 km; note – Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km) coastline.

What is the climate like in Iran?

The climate of Iran is mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast.

Geographical data of Iran

The elevation of Iran; mean elevation: 1,305 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m, highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m.

The specific geographical details of Iran include rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts.

Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Iran is a strategic location on the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz, which are vital maritime pathways for crude oil transport.

Resources and land use of Iran

The country’s main mined products are petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 30.1%; arable land 10.8%; permanent crops 1.2%; permanent pasture 18.1%; forest: 6.8%; other: 63.1% (2011 estimate).

Population data of Iran

The number of inhabitants of Iran is 82,801,633 (July 2016 estimate).

If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west, reflecting the position of the Zagros and Elburz Mountains; the vast dry areas in the center and eastern parts of the country, around the deserts of the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut, have a much smaller population density.

If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 73.4% of the total population (2015).

Most of the population in Iran is concentrated in TEHRAN (capital) 8.432 million; Mashhad 3.014 million; Esfahan 1.88 million; Karaj 1.807 million; Shiraz 1.661 million; Tabriz 1.572 million (2015).

Ethnicity in Iran

According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes.

Spoken languages in Iran

The spoken languages in Iran are the following: Persian (official language), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, other.

What are the most important religions in Iran?

During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 estimate).

Further population data of Iran

The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 23.65% (male 10,037,814 / female 9,546,710) 15-24 years: 16.57% (male 7,041,801 / female 6,675,656) 25-54 years: 47.59% (male 20,085,331 / female 19,319,933) 55-64 years: 6.79% (male 2,770,618 / female 2,855,362) 65 years and over: 5.4% (male 2,052,541 / female 2,415,867) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Iran is 1.18% (2016 estimate).

The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Iran the birth rate is 17.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 5.9 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).

In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Iran, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.

In the best-case scenario, although the children’s birth is postponed, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Iran, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Iran are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 6.9% of GDP (2014).

Economic data of Iran

Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Iran’s economy is marked by statist policies, inefficiencies, and reliance on oil and gas exports, but Iran also possesses significant agricultural, industrial, and service sectors. The Iranian government directly owns and operates hundreds of state-ownedPrivate sector activity includes small-scale workshops, farming, some manufacturing, and services, in addition to medium-scale construction, cement production, mining, and metalworking. Significant informal market activity flourishes and corruption is widFiscal and monetary constraints, following the expansion of international sanctions in 2012 on Iran’s Central Bank and oil exports, significantly reduced Iran’s oil revenue, forced government spending cuts, and sparked a sharp currency depreciation. Iran’In June 2013, the election of President Hasan RUHANI generated widespread public expectations of economic improvement and greater international engagement. Almost three years into his term, RUHANI has achieved some success, including reining in inflation.

GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Iran is $412.3 billion (2015 estimate).

Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Iran is 4.5% (2016 estimate) 0.4% (2015 estimate) 4.3% (2014 estimate).

These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.

A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Iran this is $18,100 (2016 estimate) $17,600 (2015 estimate) $17,700 (2014 estimate).

In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.

What are the agricultural products Iran produces?

The main agricultural products of Iran are wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, sugarcane, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar.

Regarding the economy, the essential segments are petroleum, petrochemicals, gas, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and nonferrous metal fabrication, armaments. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum, petrochemicals, gas, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and nonferrous metal fabrication, armaments.

Drinking water source in Iran

It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 97.7% of the population, rural: 92.1% of the population, total: 96.2% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 2.3% of the population, rural: 7.9% of the population, total: 3.8% of the population (2015 estimate).

The average number of childbirth in Iran

In Iran, the average delivery number is 1.83 children born / woman (2016 estimate).

Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Iran

The average age of the population is 29.4 years; male: 29.1 years, female: 29.7 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Iran, it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Iran is -0.1 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Iran. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.

Is Iran a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Iran

Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Iran, the hospital beds’ density is 0.1 beds / 1,000 population (2012).

According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Iran the degree of risk: intermediate food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016).

However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Iran the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.

Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Iran is 24.9% (2014).

What are the natural hazards in Iran? Is there any?

The most known natural risk in Iran are periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes.

More interesting facts about Iran

A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces led by Ayatollah Ruhollah KHOMEINI established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts – a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations became strained when a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran in November 1979 and held embassy personnel hostages until mid-January 1981. The US cut off diplomatic relations with Iran in April 1980. During the period 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and concerns over possible military dimensions of its nuclear program. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, supported by the Supreme Leader, unelected institutions of authority like the Council of Guardians, and the security services reversed and blocked reform measures while increasing security repression.Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran’s elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. These protests were quickly suppressed, and the political opposition that arose as a consequence of AHMADI-NEJAD’s election was repressed. Deteriorating economic conditions due primarily to government mismanagement and international sanctions prompted at least two major economically based protests in July and October 2012, but Iran’s internal security situation remained stable. President AHMADI-NEJAD’s independent streak angered regime establishment figures, including the Supreme Leader, leading to conservative opposition to his agenda for the last year of his presidency, and an alienation of his political supporters. In June 2013 Iranians elected a moderate conservative cleric Dr. Hasan Fereidun RUHANI to the presidency. He is a longtime senior member in the regime, but has made promises of reforming society and Iran’s foreign policy. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities, and in July 2015 Iran and the five permanent members, plus Germany (P5+1) signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) under which Iran agreed to restrictions on its nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief. Iran held elections in 2016 for the Assembly of Experts (AOE) and Majles, resulting in a conservative-controlled AOE and a Majles that many Iranians perceive as more supportive of the RUHANI administration than the previous, conservative-dominated body.

In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Iran: 1 April 1979 (Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed); notable earlier dates: ca. 550 B.C. (Achaemenid (Persian) Empire established); A.D. 1501 (Iran reunified under the Safavid Dynasty); 1794 (beginning of Qajar Dynasty); 12 December 1925 (modern Iran established under the PAHLAVI Dynasty).

The flag and other symbols of Iran

The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.

This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red; the national emblem (a stylized representation of the word Allah in the shape of a tulip, a symbol of martyrdom) in red is centered in the white band; ALLAH AKBAR (God is Great) in white Arabic script is repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band; green is the color of Islam and also represents growth, white symbolizes honesty and peace, red stands for bravery and martyrdom.

Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.

National symbols of Iran: lion; national colors: green, white, red.

Constitution of Iran

The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.

It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂

What is the legal system of Iran?

Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”

In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world where the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”

The legal system of Iran is religious legal system based on secular and Islamic law.

It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.

About the legislative branch of Iran, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Islamic Consultative Assembly or Majles-e Shura-ye Eslami or Majles (290 seats; 285 members directly elected in single- and multi-seat constituencies by two-round vote, and 1 seat each for Zoroastrians, Jews, Assyrian and Chaldean Christians, Armenians in the north of the country, and Armenians in the South; members serve 4-year terms); note – all candidates to the Majles must be approved by the Guardians Council, a 12-member group of which 6 are appointed by the supreme leader and 6 are jurists nominated by the judiciary and elected by the Majleselections: first round held on 26 February 2016 with second round for 68 remaining seats held on 29 April 2016; (next full Majles election to be held in 2020)election results: percent of vote by coalition – List of Hope 37.2%, Principlists Grand Coalition 25.9%, People’s Voice Coalition 4.5%, joint Hope/People’s Voice 4.1%, joint People’s Voice/Principlist 0.3%, religious minorities 1.7%, independent 26.4%; seats by coalition – List of Hope 108, Principlists Grand Coalition 75, People’s Voice Coalition 13, joint Hope/People’s Voice 12, joint People’s Voice/Principlist 1, religious minorities 5, independent 76.

About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Iran

One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Iran the labor force is 29.75 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Iran is total: 37.1 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 37.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 36.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.

The rate of unemployment in Iran is 10.7% (2016 estimate).

Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.

According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.

In Iran, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 29.6% (2005).

Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.

The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Iran, the GINI index is .44,5 (2006).

The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.

In Iran, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 29.6% (2005).

About the budget and central governments debt of Iran

The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Iran is; revenues: $65.87 billion, expenditures: $72.29 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 16% of GDP (2016 estimate).

The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.

The fiscal year in Iran is 21 March – 20 March.

In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.

Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Iran

A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 8% (2016 estimate), 13.7% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 13% (31 December 2016 estimate).

Export/import partners and data of Iran

Iran, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Iran is: $87.52 billion (2016 estimate), $64.6 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: petroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets, cement, ore.

The most important export partners of Iran are the China 22.2%, India 9.9%, Turkey 8.4%, Japan 4.5% (2015).

The most important imported products are   industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services, and the countries from where the import is coming: UAE 39.6%, China 22.4%, South Korea 4.7%, Turkey 4.6% (2015).

Renewable energies used in Iran

To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Iran, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 12.4% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).

To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).

Telecommunication data of Iran, calling code

To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Iran; currently being modernized and expanded with the goal of not only improving the efficiency and increasing the volume of the urban service but also bringing telephone service to several thousand villages not presently connecteddomestic: heavy investment by Iran’s state-owned telecom company has greatly improved and expanded both the fixed-line and mobile cellular networks; a huge percentage of the cell phones in the market have been smuggled into the countryinternational: country code – 98; submarine fiber-optic cable to UAE with access to Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic line runs from Azerbaijan through the northern portion of Iran to Turkmenistan with expansion to Georgia and (2015).

Transport infrastructure in Iran

In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.

The number of airports in Iran: 319 (2013), and the number of heliports: 26 (2013).

The total length of the roadways in Iran: total: 198,866 km, paved: 160,366 km (includes 1,948 km of expressways), unpaved: 38,500 km (2010).

The total length of the waterways in Iran: 850 km (on Karun River; some navigation on Lake Urmia) (2012).

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Facts & data about Iran

Name of the country: conventional long way: Islamic Republic of Iran, traditional short form: Iran, local long form: Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran, local short state: Iran, former: Persia, etymology: name derives from the Avestan term “aryanam” meaning “Land of the noble [ones]”.

Abbreviation: IranGeographic coordinates:
32 00 N, 53 00 E
Country Location: Middle East
Capital of Iran: TehranGPS of the Capital:
35 42 N 51 25 E
Position: Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
Land area: total: 1,648,195 sq km; land: 1,531,595 sq km, water: 116,600 sq kmTerrain: rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
Area comparative: almost 2.5 times the size of Texas; somewhat smaller than Alaska
Population: 82,801,633 (July 2016 estimate)Population grow rate: 1.18% (2016 estimate) Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.97 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s) / female, total population: 1.03 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)
Exports: $87.52 billion (2016 estimate), $64.6 billion (2015 estimate)Imports: $62.12 billion (2016 estimate), $52.42 billion (2015 estimate)Import partners: UAE 39.6%, China 22.4%, South Korea 4.7%, Turkey 4.6% (2015)
Urbanization: urban population: 73.4% of the total population (2015)Major urban area(s): TEHRAN (capital) 8.432 million; Mashhad 3.014 million; Esfahan 1.88 million; Karaj 1.807 million; Shiraz 1.661 million; Tabriz 1.572 million (2015)Median age: total: 29.4 years; male: 29.1 years, female: 29.7 years (2016 estimate)
Internet users: total: 36.07 million. Percent of the population: 44.1% (July 2015 estimate)Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 30,418,973. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 37 (July 2015 estimate)Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 74.219 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 91 (July 2015 estimate)
Unemployment rate: 10.7% (2016 estimate)Nationality: Iranian(s) adjective: IranianNational holidays: Republic Day, 1 April (1979)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.4 years. Male: 69.8 years, female: 73.1 years (2016 estimate)Total fertility rate: 1.83 children born / woman (2016 estimate)Birthrate: 17.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)
Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 86.8%; male: 91.2%, female: 82.5% (2015 estimate)Legal system: religious legal system based on secular and Islamic lawSuffrage: 18 years of age, universal
Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, gas, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and nonferrous metal fabrication, armamentsIndustrial production growth rate:  4.5% (2016 estimate)GDP real growth rate: 4.5% (2016 estimate) 0.4% (2015 estimate) 4.3% (2014 estimate)


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