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Cameroon

Driving Directions Cameroon

CAMEROON is a triangular-shaped republic of diverse landscapes in west-central Africa. It stretches from Lake Chad at its apex to the north­ern borders of Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Congo in the south. Cameroon is a country of varied topography and natural vegetation. The far north is a region of savannah plain with marshland near the shores of Lake Chad. Eastwards, the land becomes drier, grading towards the Sahel grasslands in Chad. In the west, a belt of volcanic mountains and bamboo forests spill over the border with Nigeria. Further south, the savannah plains rise gradually to form the extensive Adamawa Plateau (Massif de I’Adoumaoua), which partly covered in woodland. In the south, the coastal plain is covered with tropical rainforests and out of this, in the west, rises a group of high volcanic mountains, including the sporadically active Mount Cameroon (4,100 meters or 1,250 feet).

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Cameroon’s jungles contain not only commercially valuable trees but also an immense diversity of other plants, many of which identified as useful for their medicinal properties. Wildlife is equally varied and includes apes (gorillas and chimpanzees), various monkeys, many bird species and numerous snakes and amphibians.

The climate is tropical, but both temperature and amounts of rainfall vary according to locality. The south is humid, but conditions become drier towards the north with the timing of the rainy season varying between the different regions of the country.

The majority of the population are farmers who live in south and central Cameroon, where they grow maize, millet, cassava and vegetables, in the drier north, where drought and hunger are well known, life is harder and this area is populated by seminomadic herders. Bananas, coffee and cocoa are the major exports although oil, gas and aluminum are becoming increasingly important.

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