|Borderline map of Indonesia||Location map of Indonesia||Flag of Indonesia|
Google maps and detailed facts of Indonesia (ID). This page enables you to explore Indonesia and its border countries (Country location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Indonesia, in Southeast Asia, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Indonesia Google maps™
The map below shows Indonesia with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show map" button.
The Google map above is showing Indonesia with its location: Southeast Asia, (geographic coordinates: 5 00 S, 120 00 E) and the international borders of Indonesia; total: 2,958 km. Border countries (total: 3): Timor-Leste 253 km, Malaysia 1,881 km, Papua New Guinea 824 km furthermore it's inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Indonesia, or Southeast Asia. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Indonesia in detail
Where is Indonesia?
Indonesia, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 6 10 S 106 49 E otherwise in the southeast Asia, in the southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
What is the capital city of Indonesia?
The capital city of Indonesia is: Jakarta.
What is the time in Jakarta?
It is 12 hours ahead of Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Jakarta is: UTC+7.
What is the Internet code for Indonesia?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Indonesia is: .id
What is the size of Indonesia?
The territory of Indonesia is total: 1,904,569 sq km; land: 1,811,569 sq km, water: 93,000 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Indonesia is slightly less than three times the size of Texas.
If we would like to walk around and discover Indonesia, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 2,958 km.
What is the water coverage of Indonesia?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Indonesia is covered by water (see below), and this includes 54,716 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Indonesia?
The climate of Indonesia is tropical: hot, humid: more moderate in highlands.
Geographical data of Indonesia
The elevation of Indonesia; mean elevation: 367 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m, highest point: Puncak Jaya 4,884 m.
The typical geographical details of Indonesia include mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Indonesia is according to Indonesia's National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, the total number of islands in the archipelago is 13,466, of which 922 are permanently inhabited (Indonesia is the world's largest country comprised solely of islands); the country straddles the equator and occupies a strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean; despite having the fourth largest population in the world, Indonesia is the most heavily forested region on earth after the Amazon.
Resources and land use of Indonesia
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 31.2%; arable land 13%; permanent crops 12.1%; permanent pasture 6.1%; forest: 51.7%; other: 17.1% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Indonesia
The number of inhabitants of Indonesia is 258,316,051 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 53.7% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Indonesia is concentrated in JAKARTA (capital) 10.323 million; Surabaya 2.853 million; Bandung 2.544 million; Medan 2.204 million; Semarang 1.63 million; Makassar 1.489 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Indonesia
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 estimate).
Spoken languages in Indonesia
The spoken languages in Indonesia are the following: Bahasa Indonesia (official language, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese). Note: more than 700 languages are used in Indonesia.
What are the most important religions in Indonesia?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Muslim 87.2%, Christian 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 estimate).
Further population data of Indonesia
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 25.42% (male 33,435,020 / female 32,224,706) 15-24 years: 17.03% (male 22,397,086 / female 21,604,985) 25-54 years: 42.35% (male 55,857,415 / female 53,543,682) 55-64 years: 8.4% (male 9,918,897 / female 11,790,016) 65 years and over: 6.79% (male 7,630,251 / female 9,913,993) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Indonesia is 0.89% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Indonesia the birth rate is 16.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.4 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Indonesia the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Indonesia, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Indonesia are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 2.8% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Indonesia
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Indonesia, the largest economy in the southeast Asia, has seen a slowdown in growth since 2012, mostly due to the end of the commodities export boom. During the global financial crisis, Indonesia outperformed its regional neighbors and joined China and IndiaIndonesia still struggles with poverty and unemployment, inadequate infrastructure, corruption, a complex regulatory environment, and unequal resource distribution among its regions. President Joko WIDODO - elected in July 2014 – seeks to develop Indonesi.
GDP is an important figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Indonesia is $941 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicatoris the rate of the GDP growth, which in Indonesia is 4.9% (2016 estimate) 4.8% (2015 estimate) 5% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Indonesia this is $11,700 (2016 estimate) $11,300 (2015 estimate) $10,900 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Indonesia produces?
The main agricultural products of Indonesia are rubber and similar products, palm oil, poultry, beef, forest products, shrimp, cocoa, coffee, medicinal herbs, essential oil, fish and its similar products, and spices.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are petroleum and natural gas, textiles, automotive, electrical appliances, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, medical instruments and appliances, handicrafts, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, processed food, jewelry, and tourism. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum and natural gas, textiles, automotive, electrical appliances, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, medical instruments and appliances, handicrafts, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, processed food, jewelry, and tourism.
Drinking water source in Indonesia
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 94.2% of population, rural: 79.5% of population, total: 87.4% of population. Unimproved: urban: 5.8% of population, rural: 20.5% of population, total: 12.6% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Indonesia
In Indonesia, the average number of childbirth is 2.13 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Indonesia
The average age of the population is total: 29.9 years; male: 29.3 years, female: 30.5 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Indonesia it is 17 years of age, universal and married persons regardless of age.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Indonesia is -1.2 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Indonesia. Dual citizenship recognized: no. Residency requirement for naturalization: 5 continuous years.
Is Indonesia a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Indonesia
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Indonesia density of the hospital beds is 0.9 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Indonesia the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Indonesia the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Indonesia is 5.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Indonesia? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Indonesia are occasional floods; severe droughts; tsunamis; earthquakes; volcanoes; forest fires, volcanism: Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi (elev. 2,968 m), Indonesia's most active volcano and in eruption since 2010, has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Agung, Awu, Karangetang, Krakatau (Krakatoa), Makian, Raung, and Tambora.
More interesting facts about Indonesia
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President SOEKARNO declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy." After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged communist sympathizers, SOEKARNO was gradually eased from power. From 1967 until 1988, President SUHARTO ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" government. After rioting toppled SUHARTO in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement.
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Indonesia: 17 August 1945 (declared).
The flag and other symbols of Indonesia
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; the colors derive from the banner of the Majapahit Empire of the 13th-15th centuries; red symbolizes courage, white represents purity. Note: similar to the flag of Monaco, which is shorter; also similar to the flag of Poland, which is white (top) and red.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Indonesia: garuda (mythical bird); national colors: red, white.
Constitution of Indonesia
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Indonesia?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Indonesia is a civil law system based on the Roman-Dutch model and influenced by customary law.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Indonesia, we can highlight the following structures bicameral People's Consultative Assembly or Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat consists of the Regional Representative Council or Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (132 seats; non-partisan members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (560 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by single non-transferable vote to serve 5-year terms). Note: 29 other parties received less than the 2.5% vote threshold and failed to win so did not obtain any seats; because of election rules, the number of seats won does not always follow the percentage of votes received by partieselections: last held on 9 April 2014 (next to be held in 2019)election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDI-P 19%, Golkar 15%, Gerindra 12%, PD 10%, PKB 9%, PAN 8%, PKS 7%, NasDem 7%, PPP 7%, Hanura 5%; seats by party - PDI-P 109, Golkar 91, Gerindra 73, PD 61, PAN 49, PKB 47, PKS 40, NasDem 35, PPP 39, Hanura 16.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Indonesia
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Indonesia the labor force is 123.7 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Indonesia is total: 23.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 27.5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 19.2 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Indonesia is 6.3% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Indonesia, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 3.4% highest 10%: 28.2% (2010).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Indonesia the GINI index is .36,8 (2009).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Indonesia, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 3.4% highest 10%: 28.2% (2010).
About the budget and central governments debt of Indonesia
The available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Indonesia is; revenues: $128.7 billion, expenditures: $151.4 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 13.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Indonesia is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state's local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Indonesia
A few further interesting and important economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 3.8% (2016 estimate), 6.4% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 12.2% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Indonesia
Indonesia, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Indonesia is: $136.7 billion (2016 estimate), $148.4 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: mineral fuels, animal or vegetable fats (includes palm oil), electrical machinery, rubber, machinery and mechanical appliance parts.
The most important imported products are mineral fuels, boilers, machinery, and mechanical parts, electric machinery, iron and steel, foodstuffs, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 20.6%, Singapore 12.6%, Japan 9.3%, Malaysia 6%, South Korea 5.9%, Thailand 5.7%, US 5.3% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Indonesia
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Indonesia, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 11% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 5.8% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Indonesia, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Indonesia; domestic service includes an interisland microwave system, an HF radio police net, and a domestic satellite communications system; international service gooddomestic: coverage provided by existing network has been expanded by use of over 200,000 telephone kiosks many located in remote areas; mobile-cellular subscribership growing rapidlyinternational: country code - 62; landing point for both the SEA-ME-WE-3 and SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks that provide links throughout Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Indonesia
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Indonesia: 673 (2013), and the number of heliports: 76 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Indonesia: total: 496,607 km, paved: 283,102 km, unpaved: 213,505 km (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Indonesia: 21,579 km (2011).
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Facts & data about Indonesia
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Indonesia, conventional short form: Indonesia, local long form: Republik Indonesia, local short form: Indonesia, former: Netherlands East Indies, Dutch East Indies, etymology: the name is an 18th-century construct of two Greek words, "Indos" (India) and "nesoi" (islands), meaning "Indian islands".
|Abbrevation: Indonesia||Geographic coordinates:
5 00 S, 120 00 E
|Country location: Southeast Asia|
|Capital of Indonesia: Jakarta||GPS of the Capital:
6 10 S 106 49 E
|Position: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean|
|Land area: total: 1,904,569 sq km; land: 1,811,569 sq km, water: 93,000 sq km||Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
||Area comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Texas|
|Population: 258,316,051 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.89% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.84 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s) / female, total population: 1 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $136.7 billion (2016 estimate), $148.4 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $121.5 billion (2016 estimate), $135.1 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 20.6%, Singapore 12.6%, Japan 9.3%, Malaysia 6%, South Korea 5.9%, Thailand 5.7%, US 5.3% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 53.7% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): JAKARTA (capital) 10.323 million; Surabaya 2.853 million; Bandung 2.544 million; Medan 2.204 million; Semarang 1.63 million; Makassar 1.489 million (2015)||Median age: total: 29.9 years; male: 29.3 years, female: 30.5 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 56.257 million. Percent of population: 22% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 22.386 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 9 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 338.426 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 132 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 6.3% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Indonesian(s) adjective: Indonesian||National holidays: Independence Day, 17 August (1945)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.7 years. Male: 70.1 years, female: 75.5 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.13 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 16.4 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 93.9%; male: 96.3%, female: 91.5% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system based on the Roman-Dutch model and influenced by customary law||Suffrage: 17 years of age, universal and married persons regardless of age|
|Industries: petroleum and natural gas, textiles, automotive, electrical appliances, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, medical instruments and appliances, handicrafts, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, processed food, jewelry, and tourism||Industrial production growth rate: 3.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 4.9% (2016 estimate) 4.8% (2015 estimate) 5% (2014 estimate)|
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