|Borderline map of Guatemala||Location map of Guatemala||Flag of Guatemala|
Google maps and detailed facts of Guatemala (GT). This page enables you to explore Guatemala and its border countries (Country location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Guatemala, in Central America and the Caribbean, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Guatemala Google maps™
The map below shows Guatemala with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the “Show map” button.
The Google map above is showing Guatemala with its location: Central America and the Caribbean (geographic coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W) and the international borders of Guatemala; total: 1,667 km. Border countries (total: 4): Belize 266 km, El Salvador 199 km, Honduras 244 km, Mexico 958 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Guatemala, or Central America and the Caribbean. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Guatemala, Central America and the Caribbean, is informational use only. No representation made or warrantied given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risk of use of this Guatemala Google map and facts/wiki.
About Guatemala in detail
Where is Guatemala?
Guatemala, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 14 37 N 90 31 W otherwise in Central America and the Caribbean, in Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize.
What is the capital city of Guatemala?
The capital city of Guatemala is: Guatemala City.
What is the time in Guatemala City?
It is 1 hour behind Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Guatemala City is: UTC-6.
What is the Internet code for Guatemala?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Guatemala is: .gt
What is the size of Guatemala?
The territory of Guatemala is total: 108,889 sq km; land: 107,159 sq km, water: 1,730 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Guatemala is slightly smaller than Pennsylvania.
If we would like to walk around and discover Guatemala, we can do that by covering a distance of total: 1,667 km.
What is the water coverage of Guatemala?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of Guatemala is covered by water (see below), and this includes 400 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Guatemala?
The climate of Guatemala is tropical: hot, humid in lowlands: cooler in highlands.
Geographical data of Guatemala
The elevation of Guatemala; mean elevation: 759 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m, highest point: Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m.
The typical geographical details of Guatemala include mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Guatemala is no natural harbors on west coast.
Resources and land use of Guatemala
The country’s main mined products are petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 41.2%; arable land 14.2%; permanent crops 8.8%; permanent pasture 18.2%; forest: 33.6%; other: 25.2% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Guatemala
The number of inhabitants of Guatemala is 15,189,958 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that the vast majority of the populace resides in the southern half of the country, particularly in the mountainous regions; more than half of the population lives in rural areas.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 51.6% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Guatemala is concentrated in GUATEMALA CITY (capital) 2.918 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Guatemala
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish – in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K’iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q’eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census).
Spoken languages in Guatemala
The spoken languages in Guatemala are the following: Spanish (official language) 60%, Amerindian languages 40%. Note: there are 23 official languagely recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca.
What are the most important religions in Guatemala?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs.
Further population data of Guatemala
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 35.02% (male 2,711,683 / female 2,608,295) 15-24 years: 21.8% (male 1,663,484 / female 1,647,749) 25-54 years: 33.53% (male 2,425,931 / female 2,666,790) 55-64 years: 5.23% (male 377,642 / female 416,939) 65 years and over: 4.42% (male 311,165 / female 360,280) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Guatemala is 1.79% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Guatemala the birth rate is 24.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 4.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Guatemala, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Guatemala, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Guatemala are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 6.2% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Guatemala
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America with a GDP per capita roughly half the average for Latin America and the Caribbean. The agricultural sector accounts for 13.2% of GDP and 31% of the labor force; key agricultural exports include suThe 1996 peace accords, which ended 36 years of civil war, removed a major obstacle to foreign investment, and since then Guatemala has pursued important reforms and macroeconomic stabilization. The Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade AgreementThe distribution of income remains highly unequal with the richest 20% of the population accounting for more than 51% of Guatemala’s overall consumption. More than half of the population is below the national poverty line, and 23% of the population livesGuatemala is facing growing fiscal pressures exacerbated by multiple corruption scandals in 2015 that led to the resignation of the president, vice president, and numerous high-level economic officials.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Guatemala is $68.39 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Guatemala is 3.5% (2016 estimate) 4.1% (2015 estimate) 4.2% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Guatemala this is $7,900 (2016 estimate) $7,900 (2015 estimate) $7,700 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Guatemala produces?
The main agricultural products of Guatemala are sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism.
Drinking water source in Guatemala
It is important to mention, that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 98.4% of the population, rural: 86.8% of the population, total: 92.8% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 1.6% of the population, rural: 13.2% of the population, total: 7.2% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Guatemala
In Guatemala, the average number of delivery is 2.83 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Guatemala
The average age of the population is total: 21.7 years; male: 21 years, female: 22.4 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Guatemala it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Guatemala is -1.9 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes. Citizenship by descent: yes. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years with no absences of six consecutive months or longer or absences totaling more than a year.
Is Guatemala a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Guatemala
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Guatemala density of the hospital beds is 0.6 beds / 1,000 population (2011).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Guatemala the degree of risk: highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria. Note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Guatemala the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Guatemala is 16.4% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Guatemala? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Guatemala are numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical stormsvolcanism: significant volcanic activity in the Sierra Madre range; Santa Maria (elev. 3,772 m) has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Pacaya (elev. 2,552 m), which erupted in May 2010 causing an ashfall on Guatemala City and prompting evacuations, is one of the country’s most active volcanoes with frequent eruptions since 1965; other historically active volcanoes include Acatenango, Almolonga, Atitlan, Fuego, and Tacana.
More interesting facts about Guatemala
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the internal conflict, which had left more than 200,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, about 1 million refugees.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Guatemala: 15 September 1821 (from Spain).
The flag and other symbols of Guatemala
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue, with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala’s willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory; the blue bands represent the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea; the white band denotes peace and purity.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Guatemala: quetzal (bird); national colors: blue, white.
Constitution of Guatemala
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Guatemala?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Guatemala is a civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Guatemala, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Congress of the Republic or Congreso de la Republica (158 seats; 127 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies within each of the country’s 22 departments by simple majority vote and 31 directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)elections: last held on 6 September 2015 (next to be held in September 2019)election results: percent of vote by party – LIDER 19.10%, UNE 14.83%, TODOS 9.74%, PP 9.43%, FCN 8.75%, EG 6.24%, PU 5.69%, UCN 5.43%, Winaq-URNG-MAIZ 4.32%, Convergence 3.84%, VIVA 3.66%, PAN 3.42, FUERZA 2.07%, other 3.48%; seats by party – LIDER 44, UNE 36, TODOS 18, PP 17, FCN 11, EG 7, UCN 6, PU 5, Winaq-URNG-MAIZ 3, Convergence 3, VIVA 3, PAN 3, FUERZA 2.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Guatemala
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Guatemala the labor force is 4.623 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Guatemala is total: 22 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 23.9 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 19.9 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Guatemala is 2.9% (2014 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Guatemala, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 1.3% highest 10%: 42.4% (2006).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Guatemala, the GINI index is .53 (2014 estimate).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Guatemala, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 1.3% highest 10%: 42.4% (2006).
About the budget and central governments debt of Guatemala
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Guatemala is; revenues: $7.39 billion, expenditures: $8.186 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 10.8% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Guatemala is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Guatemala
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 4.3% (2016 estimate), 2.4% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 13.2% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Guatemala
Guatemala, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Guatemala is: $11.43 billion (2016 estimate), $10.83 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity.
The most important imported products are fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity, mineral products, chemical products, plastic materials and products, and the countries from where the import is coming: US 38.3%, China 13.4%, Mexico 11.8%, El Salvador 4.9% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Guatemala
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Guatemala, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 29.1% of total installed capacity (2015 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 8.9% of total installed capacity (2015 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Guatemala, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Guatemala; fairly modern network centered in the city of Guatemaladomestic: state-owned telecommunications company privatized in the late 1990s opened the way for competition; fixed-line teledensity roughly 10 per 100 persons; fixed-line investments are being concentrated on improving rural connectivity; mobile-cellular teledensiinternational: country code – 502; landing point for both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the SAM-1 fiber-optic submarine cable system that, together, provide connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; connecte (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Guatemala
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Guatemala: 291 (2013), and the number of heliports: 1 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Guatemala: total: 17,332 km, paved: 7,483 km, unpaved: 9,849 km (includes 4,795 km of rural roads) (2015).
The total length of the waterways in Guatemala: 990 km (260 km navigable year round; additional 730 km navigable during high-water season) (2012).
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Facts & data about Guatemala
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Guatemala, conventional short form: Guatemala, local long form: Republica de Guatemala, local short form: Guatemala, etymology: name derives from the Mayan word meaning “land of trees”.
|Abbrevation: Guatemala||Geographic coordinates:
15 30 N, 90 15 W
|Country location: Central America and the Caribbean|
|Capital of Guatemala: Guatemala City||GPS of the Capital:
14 37 N 90 31 W
|Position: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize|
|Land area: total: 108,889 sq km; land: 107,159 sq km, water: 1,730 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau
||Area comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania|
|Population: 15,189,958 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.79% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.91 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.91 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.87 male(s) / female, total population: 0.97 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $11.43 billion (2016 estimate), $10.83 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $16.76 billion (2016 estimate), $16.38 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: US 38.3%, China 13.4%, Mexico 11.8%, El Salvador 4.9% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 51.6% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): GUATEMALA CITY (capital) 2.918 million (2015)||Median age: total: 21.7 years; male: 21 years, female: 22.4 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 4.043 million. Percent of the population: 27.1% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 1,718,851. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 12 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 18.121 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 121 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 2.9% (2014 estimate)||Nationality: Guatemalan(s) adjective: Guatemalan||National holidays: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.3 years. Male: 70.3 years, female: 74.4 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.83 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 24.5 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 81.5%; male: 87.4%, female: 76.3% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism||Industrial production growth rate: 3.2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.5% (2016 estimate) 4.1% (2015 estimate) 4.2% (2014 estimate)|
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