|Borderline map of El Salvador||Location map of El Salvador||Flag of El Salvador|
Google maps and detailed facts of El Salvador (SV). This page enables you to explore El Salvador and its border countries (Country location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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El Salvador Google maps™
The map below shows El Salvador with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the “Show map” button.
The Google map above is showing El Salvador with its location: Central America and the Caribbean (geographic coordinates: 13 50 N, 88 55 W) and the international borders of El Salvador; total: 590 km. Border countries (total: 2): Guatemala 199 km, Honduras 391 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in El Salvador, or Central America and the Caribbean. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About El Salvador in detail
Where is El Salvador?
El Salvador, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 13 42 N 89 12 W otherwise in Central America and the Caribbean, in Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras.
What is the capital city of El Salvador?
The capital city of El Salvador is: San Salvador.
What is the time in San Salvador?
It is 1 hour behind Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of San Salvador is: UTC-6.
What is the Internet code for El Salvador?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for El Salvador is: .sv
What is the size of El Salvador?
The territory of El Salvador is total: 21,041 sq km; land: 20,721 sq km, water: 320 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of El Salvador is about the same size as New Jersey.
If we would like to walk around and discover El Salvador, we can do that by covering a distance of total: 590 km.
What is the water coverage of El Salvador?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of El Salvador is covered by water (see below), and this includes 307 km coastline.
What is the climate like in El Salvador?
The climate of El Salvador is tropical: rainy season (May to October): dry season (November to April): tropical on coast: temperate in uplands.
Geographical data of El Salvador
The elevation of El Salvador; mean elevation: 442 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m, highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m.
The typical geographical details of El Salvador include mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, El Salvador is smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea.
Resources and land use of El Salvador
The country’s main mined products are hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 74.7%; arable land 33.1%; permanent crops 10.9%; permanent pasture 30.7%; forest: 13.6%; other: 11.7% (2011 estimate).
Population data of El Salvador
The number of inhabitants of El Salvador is 6,156,670 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that N/A.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 66.7% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in El Salvador is concentrated in SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.098 million (2015).
Ethnicity in El Salvador
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 0.2% (includes Lenca, Kakawira, Nahua-Pipil), black 0.1%, other 0.6% (2007 estimate).
Spoken languages in El Salvador
The spoken languages in El Salvador are the following: Spanish (official language), Nawat (among some Amerindians).
What are the most important religions in El Salvador?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 estimate).
Further population data of El Salvador
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 26.58% (male 839,392 / female 797,323) 15-24 years: 20.51% (male 635,100 / female 627,648) 25-54 years: 38.66% (male 1,098,619 / female 1,281,822) 55-64 years: 6.96% (male 190,386 / female 238,206) 65 years and over: 7.28% (male 197,945 / female 250,229) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of El Salvador is 0.25% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In El Salvador the birth rate is 16.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 5.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In El Salvador, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of El Salvador, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in El Salvador are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 6.8% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of El Salvador
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; The smallest country in Central America geographically, El Salvador has the fourth largest economy in the region. With the global recession, real GDP contracted in 2009 and economic growth has since remained low, averaging less than 2% from 2010 to 2014,In 2006, El Salvador was the first country to ratify the Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement, which has bolstered the export of processed foods, sugar, and ethanol, and supported investment in the apparel sector amid increased Asian cThe Salvadoran Government maintained fiscal discipline during post-war reconstruction and rebuilding following earthquakes in 2001 and hurricanes in 1998 and 2005, but El Salvador’s public debt, estimated at 65% of GDP in 2015, has been growing over the l.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in El Salvador is $26.61 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in El Salvador is 2.4% (2016 estimate) 2.5% (2015 estimate) 1.4% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In El Salvador this is $8,900 (2016 estimate) $8,700 (2015 estimate) $8,600 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products El Salvador produces?
The main agricultural products of El Salvador are coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals.
Drinking water source in El Salvador
It is important to mention, that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 97.5% of the population, rural: 86.5% of the population, total: 93.8% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 2.5% of the population, rural: 13.5% of the population, total: 6.2% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in El Salvador
In El Salvador, the average number of delivery is 1.89 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in El Salvador
The average age of the population is total: 26.6 years; male: 25.1 years, female: 28.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in El Salvador it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In El Salvador is -8.1 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes. Citizenship by descent: yes. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is El Salvador a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in El Salvador
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In El Salvador density of the hospital beds is 1.1 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in El Salvador the degree of risk: highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrheavectorborne diseases: dengue fever. Note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In El Salvador the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in El Salvador is 20.1% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in El Salvador? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in El Salvador are known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanesvolcanism: significant volcanic activity; San Salvador (elev. 1,893 m), which last erupted in 1917, has the potential to cause major harm to the country’s capital, which lies just below the volcano’s slopes; San Miguel (elev. 2,130 m), which last erupted in 2002, is one of the most active volcanoes in the country; other historically active volcanoes include Conchaguita, Ilopango, Izalco, and Santa Ana.
More interesting facts about El Salvador
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of El Salvador: 15 September 1821 (from Spain).
The flag and other symbols of El Salvador
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; the banner is based on the former blue-white-blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water, as well as peace and prosperity. Note: similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered in the white band – it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of El Salvador: turquoise-browed motmot (bird); national colors: blue, white.
Constitution of El Salvador
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of El Salvador?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of El Salvador is a civil law system with minor common law influence; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of El Salvador, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies and a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote to serve 3-year terms)elections: last held on 1 March 2015 (next to be held in March 2018)election results: percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – ARENA 35, FMLN 31, GANA 11, PCN 6, PDC 1.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in El Salvador
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In El Salvador the labor force is 2.788 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in El Salvador is total: 17.3 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 19.4 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 15.1 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in El Salvador is 5.5% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In El Salvador, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 1% highest 10%: 37% (2009 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In El Salvador, the GINI index is .46,9 (2007).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In El Salvador, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 1% highest 10%: 37% (2009 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of El Salvador
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of El Salvador is; revenues: $5.443 billion, expenditures: $6.318 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 20.5% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in El Salvador is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in El Salvador
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 1.1% (2016 estimate), -0.7% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 6.3% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of El Salvador
El Salvador, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in El Salvador is: $4.556 billion (2016 estimate), $4.381 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, textiles and apparel, gold, ethanol, chemicals, electricity, iron and steel manufactures.
The most important export partners of El Salvador are the US 47.1%, Honduras 13.9%, Guatemala 13.6%, Nicaragua 6.6%, Costa Rica 4.5% (2015).
The most important imported products are raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity, and the countries from where the import is coming: US 39.4%, Guatemala 9.6%, China 8.1%, Mexico 7.4%, Honduras 5.7% (2015).
Renewable energies used in El Salvador
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. El Salvador, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 31.3% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 15.5% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of El Salvador, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about El Salvador; multiple mobile-cellular providers are expanding services rapidly; growth in fixed-line services has slowed in the face of mobile-cellular competitiondomestic: nationwide microwave radio relay systeminternational: country code – 503; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected to Central American Microwave System (2015).
Transport infrastructure in El Salvador
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in El Salvador: 68 (2013), and the number of heliports: 2 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in El Salvador: total: 6,918 km, paved: 3,247 km (includes 341 km of expressways), unpaved: 3,671 km (2010).
The total length of the waterways in El Salvador: (Rio Lempa is partially navigable by small craft) (2011).
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Facts & data about El Salvador
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of El Salvador, conventional short form: El Salvador, local long form: Republica de El Salvador, local short form: El Salvador, etymology: name is an abbreviation of the original Spanish conquistador designation for the area “Provincia de Nuestro Senor Jesus Cristo, el Salvador del Mundo” (Province of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the World), which became simply “El Salvador” (The Savior).
|Abbrevation: El Salvador||Geographic coordinates:
13 50 N, 88 55 W
|Country location: Central America and the Caribbean|
|Capital of El Salvador: San Salvador||GPS of the Capital:
13 42 N 89 12 W
|Position: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras|
|Land area: total: 21,041 sq km; land: 20,721 sq km, water: 320 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
||Area comparative: about the same size as New Jersey|
|Population: 6,156,670 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.25% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.86 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.8 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s) / female, total population: 0.93 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $4.556 billion (2016 estimate), $4.381 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $9.444 billion (2016 estimate), $9.321 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: US 39.4%, Guatemala 9.6%, China 8.1%, Mexico 7.4%, Honduras 5.7% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 66.7% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.098 million (2015)||Median age: total: 26.6 years; male: 25.1 years, female: 28.1 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 1.653 million. Percent of the population: 26.9% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 944,266. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 15 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 9.334 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 152 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 5.5% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Salvadoran(s) adjective: Salvadoran||National holidays: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.7 years. Male: 71.4 years, female: 78.1 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.89 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 16.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 88%; male: 90.4%, female: 86% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system with minor common law influence; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals||Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 2.4% (2016 estimate) 2.5% (2015 estimate) 1.4% (2014 estimate)|
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