Driving Directions El Salvador
EL SALVADOR is the smallest and most densely populated state in Central America. It is bounded to the north and west by Guatemala, to the north and east by Honduras and the south by the Pacific Ocean. Behind the narrow coastal plain, there is a range of volcanic peaks which overlook a densely populated inland plateau. Further inland the land rises to the interior highlands. The Lempa river cuts through the center of the country and opens to the south as a large sandy delta to the Pacific Ocean.
Although fairly near to the equator, the climate tends to be
warm rather than hot and the highlands have a cooler temperate climate. The
capital is San Salvador, and two-thirds of the people live here or in the towns
of Santa Ana, San Miguel, and San Vicente. The country is predominantly
agricultural with about 32 percent of the land used for crops and a slightly
smaller area for grazing cattle, pigs, sheep, and goats. Past volcanic
eruptions have deposited a fertile layer of material on the high, central
plateau, providing excellent conditions for coffee plantations. Coffee is El
Salvador’s main crop, but tobacco, maize, beans, rice, cotton, sorghum, and
sugar cane also grown.
Fishing is carried out, with shrimp being the most important
catch, followed by tuna, mackerel, and swordfish — a few industries such as
food processing, textiles, and chemicals found in the major towns. El Salvador
suffers from a high rate of inflation and unemployment and is one of the
poorest countries in the west.
Google maps™ El Salvador
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