|Borderline map of Nicaragua||Location map of Nicaragua||Flag of Nicaragua|
Google maps and detailed facts of Nicaragua (NI). This page enables you to explore Nicaragua and its border countries (Country location: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
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Nicaragua Google maps™
The map below shows Nicaragua with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Nicaragua with its location: Central America, and the Caribbean (geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 85 00 W) and the international borders of Nicaragua; total: 1,253 km. Border countries (total: 2): Costa Rica 313 km, Honduras 940 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Nicaragua, or Central America, and the Caribbean. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
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About Nicaragua in detail
Where is Nicaragua?
Nicaragua, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 12 08 N 86 15 W otherwise in Central America, and the Caribbean, in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras.
What is the capital city of Nicaragua?
The capital city of Nicaragua is: Managua.
What is the time in Managua?
It is 1 hour behind Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; the timezone of Managua is: UTC-6.
What is the Internet code for Nicaragua?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Nicaragua is: .ni
What is the size of Nicaragua?
The territory of Nicaragua is total: 130,370 sq km; land: 119,990 sq km, water: 10,380 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Nicaragua is slightly larger than Pennsylvania; somewhat smaller than New York state.
If we would like to walk around and discover Nicaragua, we can cover a total distance: 1,253 km.
What is the water coverage of Nicaragua?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Nicaragua is covered by water (see below), and this includes 910 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Nicaragua?
The climate of Nicaragua is tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands.
Geographical data of Nicaragua
The elevation of Nicaragua; mean elevation: 298 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m, highest point: Mogoton 2,438 m.
The specific geographical details of Nicaragua include extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America; contains the largest freshwater body in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua.
Resources and land use of Nicaragua
The country’s main mined products are gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 42.2%; arable land 12.5%; permanent crops 2.5%; permanent pasture 27.2%; forest: 25.3%; other: 32.5% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Nicaragua
The number of inhabitants of Nicaragua is 5,966,798 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that the overwhelming majority of the population resides in the western half of the country, with much of the urban growth centered in the capital city of Managua; coastal areas also show large population clusters.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 58.8% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Nicaragua is concentrated in MANAGUA (capital) 956,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Nicaragua
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%.
Spoken languages in Nicaragua
The spoken languages in Nicaragua are the following: Spanish (official language) 95.3%, Miskito 2.2%, Mestizo of the Caribbean coast 2%, other 0.5%. Note: English and indigenous languages found on the Caribbean coast (2005 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Nicaragua?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic 58.5%, Protestant 23.2% (Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%), Jehovah’s Witnesses 0.9%, other 1.6%, none 15.7% (2005 estimate).
Further population data of Nicaragua
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 27.88% (male 848,537 / female 815,032) 15-24 years: 21.78% (male 653,113 / female 646,497) 25-54 years: 39.42% (male 1,113,772 / female 1,238,550) 55-64 years: 5.79% (male 160,165 / female 185,385) 65 years and over: 5.12% (male 136,661 / female 169,086) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Nicaragua is 0.99% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Nicaragua the birth rate is 17.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 5.1 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Nicaragua, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
In the best-case scenario, although the children’s birth is postponed, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Nicaragua, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Nicaragua are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 9% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Nicaragua
Suppose we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Nicaragua, the poorest country in Central America and the second poorest in the Western Hemisphere, has widespread underemployment and poverty. Textiles and agriculture combined account for nearly 50% of Nicaragua’s exports.The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) has been in effect since April 2006 and has expanded export opportunities for many Nicaraguan agricultural and manufactured goods.In 2013, the government granted a 50-year concession to a newly formed Chinese-run company to finance and build an inter-oceanic canal and related projects, at an estimated cost of $50 billion. The canal construction has not started.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Nicaragua is $13.41 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Nicaragua is 4.5% (2016 estimate) 4.9% (2015 estimate) 4.6% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Nicaragua this is $5,300 (2016 estimate) $5,100 (2015 estimate) $4,900 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Nicaragua produces?
The main agricultural products of Nicaragua are coffee, bananas, sugarcane, rice, corn, tobacco, cotton, sesame, soya, beans; beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products; shrimp, lobsters.
Regarding the economy, the essential segments are food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, knit and woven apparel, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood, electric wire harness manufacturing, mining. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, knit and woven apparel, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood, electric wire harness manufacturing, mining.
Drinking water source in Nicaragua
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 99.3% of the population, rural: 69.4% of the population, total: 87% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 0.7% of the population, rural: 30.6% of the population, total: 13% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Nicaragua
In Nicaragua, the average delivery number is 1.92 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Nicaragua
The average age of the population is 25.2 years; male: 24.3 years, female: 26 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Nicaragua it is 16 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Nicaragua is -2.9 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes. Citizenship by descent: yes. Dual citizenship recognized: no, except in cases where bilateral agreements existresidency requirement for naturalization: 4 years.
Is Nicaragua a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Nicaragua
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Nicaragua, the hospital beds’ density is 0.9 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Nicaragua the degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria. Note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Nicaragua the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Nicaragua is 15.5% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Nicaragua? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Nicaragua are destructive earthquakes; volcanoes; landslides; extremely susceptible to hurricanesvolcanism: significant volcanic activity; Cerro Negro (elevation 728 m), which last erupted in 1999, is one of Nicaragua’s most active volcanoes; its lava flows and ash have been known to cause significant damage to farmland and buildings; other historically active volcanoes include Concepcion, Cosiguina, Las Pilas, Masaya, Momotombo, San Cristobal, and Telica.
More interesting facts about Nicaragua
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The Pacific coast of Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. Independence from Spain was declared in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the region in subsequent decades. Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador prompted the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. After losing free and fair elections in 1990, 1996, and 2001, former Sandinista President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra was elected president in 2006 and reelected in 2011. The 2008 municipal elections, 2010 regional elections, 2011 presidential election, 2012 municipal elections, and 2013 regional elections were marred by widespread irregularities. Nicaragua’s infrastructure and economy – hard hit by the earlier civil war and by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 – are slowly being rebuilt, but democratic institutions have been weakened under the ORTEGA administration.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Nicaragua: 15 September 1821 (from Spain).
The flag and other symbols of Nicaragua
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on the top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; the banner is based on the former blue-white-blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water. Note: similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Nicaragua: turquoise-browed motmot (bird); national colors: blue, white.
Constitution of Nicaragua
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Nicaragua?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world where the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Nicaragua is a civil law system; Supreme Court may review administrative acts.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Nicaragua, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly or Asamblea Nacional (92 seats; 70 members in multi-seat constituencies and 20 members in a single nationwide constituency directly elected by proportional representation vote; 2 seats reserved for the previous president and the runner-up candidate in the previous presidential election; members serve 5-year terms;)elections: last held on 6 November 2011 (next to be held by November 2016)election results: percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – FSLN 62, PLI/MRS 26, PLC 2.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Nicaragua
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Nicaragua the labor force is 3.013 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Nicaragua is total: 19 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 21.8 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 16 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Nicaragua is 6% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Nicaragua, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 1.4% highest 10%: 41.8% (2005).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Nicaragua, the GINI index is .40,5 (2010).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Nicaragua, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 1.4% highest 10%: 41.8% (2005).
About the budget and central governments debt of Nicaragua
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Nicaragua is; revenues: $3.454 billion, expenditures: $3.738 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 25.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Nicaragua is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Nicaragua
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 4.1% (2016 estimate), 4% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 15% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Nicaragua
Nicaragua, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Nicaragua is: $3.108 billion (2016 estimate), $3.341 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: coffee, beef, gold, sugar, peanuts, shrimp and lobster, tobacco, cigars, automobile wiring harnesses, textiles, apparel, cotton.
The most important imported products are consumer goods, machinery and equipment, raw materials, petroleum products, and the countries from where the import is coming: US 19.9%, Mexico 14.9%, China 10.6%, Venezuela 7%, Costa Rica 7%, El Salvador 5.7%, Guatemala 5.6%, Netherlands Antilles 5.5% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Nicaragua
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Nicaragua, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 10.2% of total installed capacity (2015 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 35.4% of total installed capacity (2015 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Nicaragua, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Nicaragua; system being upgraded by foreign investment; nearly all installed telecommunications capacity now uses digital technology, owing to investments since privatization of the formerly state-owned telecommunications companydomestic: since privatization, access to fixed-line and mobile-cellular services has improved; fixed-line teledensity roughly 6 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone subscribership has increased to over 120 per 100 persons international: country code – 505; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber-optic submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations – 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region) a (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Nicaragua
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Nicaragua: 147 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Nicaragua: total: 23,897 km, paved: 3,346 km, unpaved: 20,551 km (2014).
The total length of the waterways in Nicaragua: 2,220 km (navigable waterways as well as the use of the large Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua; rivers serve only the sparsely populated eastern part of the country) (2011).
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Facts & data about Nicaragua
Name of the country: conventional long way: Republic of Nicaragua, traditional short form: Nicaragua, local long form: Republica de Nicaragua, local short state: Nicaragua, etymology: Nicarao was the name of the largest indigenous settlement at the time of Spanish arrival; conquistador Gil GONZALEZ Davila, who explored the area (1622-23), combined the name of the community with the Spanish word “agua” (water), referring to the two large lakes in the west of the country (Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua).
|Abbreviation: Nicaragua||Geographic coordinates:|
13 00 N, 85 00 W
|Country location: Central America, and the Caribbean|
|Capital of Nicaragua: Managua||GPS of the Capital:|
12 08 N 86 15 W
|Position: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras|
|Land area: total: 130,370 sq km; land: 119,990 sq km, water: 10,380 sq km||Terrain: extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes||Area comparative: slightly larger than Pennsylvania; somewhat smaller than New York state|
|Population: 5,966,798 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.99% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.9 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.86 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s) / female, total population: 0.95 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $3.108 billion (2016 estimate), $3.341 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $6.039 billion (2016 estimate), $6.083 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: US 19.9%, Mexico 14.9%, China 10.6%, Venezuela 7%, Costa Rica 7%, El Salvador 5.7%, Guatemala 5.6%, Netherlands Antilles 5.5% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 58.8% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): MANAGUA (capital) 956,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 25.2 years; male: 24.3 years, female: 26 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 1.164 million. Percent of the population: 19.7% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 354,017. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 6 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 7.264 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 123 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 6% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Nicaraguan(s) adjective: Nicaraguan||National holidays: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.2 years. Male: 71.1 years, female: 75.5 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.92 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 17.9 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 82.8%; male: 82.4%, female: 83.2% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system; Supreme Court may review administrative acts||Suffrage: 16 years of age, universal|
|Industries: food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, knit and woven apparel, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood, electric wire harness manufacturing, mining||Industrial production growth rate: 5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 4.5% (2016 estimate) 4.9% (2015 estimate) 4.6% (2014 estimate)|
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