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Costa Rica

Driving Directions Costa Rica

COSTA RICA is a small country bounded by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the south and west and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Three mountain ranges, including some active volcanoes, form the backbone of the land. About half the popula­tion concentrated on the Meseta Central, a fertile plateau on the west­ern side of the country which was first settled by the Spanish in the 16th century.

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The climate is tropical with a small temperature range and abundant rain. The dry season is from December to April. The upland areas have rich volcanic soils which are good for coffee growing, and the slopes provide lush pastures for cattle. Coffee and bananas are grown commercially and are the country’s major agricultural exports.

Costa Rica’s mountainous terrain provides attractive scenery for its growing tourist industry and enough hydroelectric power to makes it almost self-sufficient in electricity.

The country has a high literacy rate (around 92 percent) and a culture which reflects its Spanish heritage.

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