|Borderline map of Peru||Location map of Peru||Flag of Peru|
Google maps and detailed facts of Peru, (PE). This page enables you to explore Peru and its border countries (Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador) through detailed Satellite imagery - fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history - All in One Wiki page!
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Peru, in South America starts here at Driving Directions And Maps.com!
Peru Google Map
The map below shows Peru with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets and also providing Street Views. To find a location use the form below, type any city or place and to view, just a simple map click on the "Show Map" button.
The Google map above is showing Peru with its location: South America, (geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W) and the international borders of Peru; total: 7,062 km. Border countries (total: 5): Bolivia 1,212 km, Brazil 2,659 km, Chile 168 km, Colombia 1,494 km, Ecuador 1,529 km furthermore its inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Peru, or South America. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.
The map of Peru, South America is informational use only. No representation is made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. User assumes all risk of use of this Peru Google map and facts/wiki.
About Peru in detail
Where is Peru?
Peru, in case if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 12 03 S 77 03 W otherwise in South America, in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador.
What is the capital of Peru?
The capital city of Peru is: Lima.
What is the time in Lima?
It is same time as Washington DC during Standard Time, the timezone of Lima is: UTC-5.
What is the Internet code for Peru?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Peru is: .pe
What is the size of Peru?
The territory of Peru is total: 1,285,216 sq km; land: 1,279,996 sq km, water: 5,220 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Peru is almost twice the size of Texas; slightly smaller than Alaska.
If we would like to walk around and discover Peru, we can do that by covering the distance of total: 7,062 km.
What is the water coverage of Peru?
We have mentioned already on this website, that what percentage of Peru is covered by water (see below), and this includes 2,414 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Peru?
The climate of Peru is varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west: temperate to frigid in Andes.
Geographical data of Peru
The elevation of Peru; mean elevation: 1,555 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m, highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m.
The typical geographical details of Peru include western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva).
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Peru is shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia; a remote slope of Nevado Mismi, a 5,316 m peak, is the ultimate source of the Amazon River.
Resources and land use of Peru
The country’s main mined products are copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 18.8%; arable land 3.1%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 14.6%; forest: 53%; other: 28.2% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Peru
The number of inhabitants of Peru is 30,741,062 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of population distribution, it is safe to say that approximately one-third of the population resides along the desert coastal belt in the west, with a strong focus on the capital city of Lima; the Andean highlands, or sierra, which is strongly identified with the country's Amerindian population, contains roughly half of the overall population; the eastern slopes of the Andes, and adjoining rainforest, are sparsely populated.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 78.6% of total population (2015).
Most of the population in Peru is concentrated in LIMA (capital) 9.897 million; Arequipa 850,000; Trujillo 798,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Peru
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%.
Spoken languages in Peru
The spoken languages in Peru are the following: Spanish (official language) 84.1%, Quechua (official language) 13%, Aymara (official language) 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2% (2007 estimate).
What are the most important religions in Peru?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, none 2.9% (2007 estimate).
Further population data of Peru
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 26.62% (male 4,164,681 / female 4,019,436) 15-24 years: 18.63% (male 2,868,743 / female 2,859,476) 25-54 years: 39.91% (male 5,892,065 / female 6,377,681) 55-64 years: 7.62% (male 1,135,938 / female 1,205,579) 65 years and over: 7.21% (male 1,049,409 / female 1,168,054) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Peru is 0.96% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Peru the birth rate is 18 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in the developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so the childbearing is extended. In Peru the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best case scenario despite the fact that the birth of the children is postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as the life expectancy is also extended. In the case of Peru, these figures are . With the introduction of modern medicine, the vaccinations and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Peru are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.5% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Peru
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; Peru's economy reflects its varied topography - an arid lowland coastal region, the central high sierra of the Andes, the dense forest of the Amazon, with tropical lands bordering Colombia and Brazil. A wide range of important mineral resources are foundThe Peruvian economy grew by an average of 5.6% from 2009-13 with a stable exchange rate and low inflation, which in 2013 was just below the upper limit of the Central Bank target range of 1% to 3%. This growth was due partly to high international pricesPeru's rapid expansion coupled with cash transfers and other programs have helped to reduce the national poverty rate by 28 percentage points since 2002, but inequality persists and continues to pose a challenge for the Ollanta HUMALA administration, whicPeru's free trade policy has continued under the HUMALA administration; since 2006, Peru has signed trade deals with the US, Canada, Singapore, China, Korea, Mexico, Japan, the EU, the European Free Trade Association, Chile, Thailand, Costa Rica, Panama,.
GDP is an important figure as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Peru is $180.3 billion (2015 estimate).
An another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Peru is 3.7% (2016 estimate) 3.3% (2015 estimate) 2.4% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy, remember in 2015 when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Peru this is $13,000 (2016 estimate) $12,700 (2015 estimate) $12,400 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Peru produces?
The main agricultural products of Peru are artichokes, asparagus, avocados, blueberries, coffee, cocoa, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, pineapples, guavas, bananas, apples, lemons, pears, coca, tomatoes, mangoes, barley, medicinal plants, quinoa, palm oil, mari.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery,. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery,.
Drinking water source in Peru
It is important to mention, that - thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 91.4% of population, rural: 69.2% of population, total: 86.7% of population. Unimproved: urban: 8.6% of population, rural: 30.8% of population, total: 13.3% of population (2015 estimate).
Average number of childbirth in Peru
In Peru the average number of childbirth is 2.15 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Peru
The average age of the population is total: 27.7 years; male: 26.9 years, female: 28.4 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Peru it is 18 years of age, universal and compulsory until the age of 70.
In this age when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Peru is -2.4 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes. Citizenship by descent: yes. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 2 years.
Is Peru a safe destination? Healthcare services and contagious diseases in Peru
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and contagious diseases of their destinations. In Peru density of the hospital beds is 1.5 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Peru the degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne disease: dengue fever, malaria, and Bartonellosis (Oroya fever). Note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, the HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Peru the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: .
Regarding tourism the obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate obese adults in Peru is 20.4% (2014).
What are the natural hazards Peru? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Peru are earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activityvolcanism: volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains; Ubinas (elev. 5,672 m), which last erupted in 2009, is the country's most active volcano; other historically active volcanoes include El Misti, Huaynaputina, Sabancaya, and Yucamane.
More interesting facts about Peru
A few words about the past, as every country and society its connected to its history; Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peru declared its independence in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his resignation in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw a new election in the spring of 2001, which installed Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of indigenous ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, oversaw a robust economic rebound. Former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president in June 2011, and carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceding administrations. Poverty and unemployment levels have fallen dramatically in the last decade, and today Peru boasts one of the best performing economies in Latin America. Pedro Pablo KUCZYNSKI Godard won a very narrow presidential runoff election in June 2016..
In every nation's memory, there are cornerstones that placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Peru: 28 July 1821 (from Spain).
The flag and other symbols of Peru
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of the national unity is the national anthem. The main purpose of the anthem is to share the nation's core values, endeavors, and the patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Peru: vicuna (a camelid related to the llama); national colors: red, white.
Constitution of Peru
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Peru?
Most of the times the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Peru is civil law system.
It was Aristotle, who founded the theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have been defined, the way we still use them. In most of the democratic countries, the three authorities are separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities are usually interwoven in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Peru, we can highlight the following structures unicameral Congress of the Republic of Peru or Congreso de la Republica del Peru (130 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed party list proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)elections: last held on 10 April 2016 with run-off election on 6 June 2016 (next to be held in April 2021)election results: percent of vote by party - Fuerza Popular 36.34%, PPK 16.47%, Frente Amplio 13.94%, APP 9.23%; APRA 8.31%; AP 7.20%, other 8.51%; seats by party - Fuerza Popular 71, PPK 20, Frente Amplio 20, APP 9; APRA 5; AP 5.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Peru
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is the unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate, but as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Peru the labor force is 17.12 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Peru is total: 19 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 21.1 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 16.7 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) - as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Peru is 5.9% (2016 estimate).
It is widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the fortune of the poorest half of the world's population.
In Peru, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 1.4% highhest 10%: 36.1% (2010 estimate).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index is named after its founder Corrado Gini an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one if the criteria is concentrated on the territory. In Peru the GINI index is .45,3 (2012).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less is a subjective measure. It varies by country its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the poorest 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Peru the people living under the poverty line is lowest 10%: 1.4% highhest 10%: 36.1% (2010 estimate).
About the budget and central governments debt of Peru
Available budget mainly defines the state's economy. The budget of Peru is; revenues: $60.84 billion, expenditures: $66.46 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 33.7% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Peru is calendar year.
In country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state local, federal and central governments debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Peru
A few further interesting and important economic data are the fallowing; Inflation rate: 3.4% (2016 estimate), 3.5% (2015 estimate) and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 16.1% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Peru
Peru, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Peru is: $38.09 billion (2016 estimate), $34.16 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, allo.
The most important export partners of Peru are the China 22.1%, US 15.2%, Switzerland 8.1%, Canada 7% (2015).
The most important imported products are: petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, plastics, machinery, vehicles, TV sets, power shovels, front-end loaders, telephones and telecommunication equipment, iron and steel, wheat, corn, soybean products, paper, cotton, vaccines and medicines, and the countries from where the import is coming: China 22.7%, US 20.7%, Brazil 5.1%, Mexico 4.5% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Peru
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies has to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Peru, the indicator of how much of country’s produced energy is coming from hydroelectric source is 35.9% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy is produced is the 0.9% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Peru, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Peru; adequate for most requirements; nationwide microwave radio relay system and a domestic satellite system with 12 earth stationsdomestic: fixed-line teledensity is only about 10 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity, spurred by competition among multiple providers, exceeds 110 telephones per 100 personsinternational: country code - 51; the South America-1 (SAM-1) and Pan American (PAN-AM) submarine cable systems provide links to parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, and US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Peru
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Peru: 191 (2013), and the number of heliports: 5 (2013).
The total length of the roadways in Peru: total: 140,672 km (18,699 km paved). Note: includes 24,593 km of national roads (14,748 km paved), 24,235 km of departmental roads (2,340 km paved), and 91,844 km of local roads (1,611 km paved) (2012).
The total length of the waterways in Peru: 8,808 km (8,600 km of navigable tributaries on the Amazon system and 208 km on Lago Titicaca) (2011).
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Facts about Peru
Name of the country: conventional long form: Republic of Peru, conventional short form: Peru, local long form: Republica del Peru, local short form: Peru, etymology: exact meaning is obscure, but the name may derive from a native word "biru" meaning "river".
|Abbrevation: Peru||Geographic coordinates:
10 00 S, 76 00 W
|Location: South America|
|Capital of Peru: Lima||GPS of the Capital:
12 03 S 77 03 W
|Position: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador|
|Land area: total: 1,285,216 sq km; land: 1,279,996 sq km, water: 5,220 sq km||Terrain: western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)
||Area comparative: almost twice the size of Texas; slightly smaller than Alaska|
|Population: 30,741,062 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.96% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.92 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.94 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.9 male(s) / female, total population: 0.97 male(s) / female, (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $38.09 billion (2016 estimate), $34.16 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $38.35 billion (2016 estimate), $36.99 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: China 22.7%, US 20.7%, Brazil 5.1%, Mexico 4.5% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 78.6% of total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): LIMA (capital) 9.897 million; Arequipa 850,000; Trujillo 798,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 27.7 years; male: 26.9 years, female: 28.4 years (2016 estimate)
|Internet users: total: 12.452 million. Percent of population: 40.9% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 2,912,316. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 10 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 34.236 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 112 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 5.9% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Peruvian(s) adjective: Peruvian||National holidays: Independence Day, 28 July (1821)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.7 years. Male: 71.7 years, female: 75.9 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.15 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 18 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 94.5%; male: 97.3%, female: 91.7% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and compulsory until the age of 70|
|Industries: mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery,||Industrial production growth rate: 3.2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 3.7% (2016 estimate) 3.3% (2015 estimate) 2.4% (2014 estimate)|
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