Iran's flagLocation: Southwest Asia
Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran
Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1502 / 1990
Capital city: Tehran
Population: 75.1 million / 119 people per sq mile (46 people per sq km)
Total land area: 636,293 square miles (1,648,000 square km)
Language(s) spoken: Farsi (official language), Azeri, Luri, Gilaki, Mazanderani, Kurdish, Turkmen, Arabic, Baluchi
Main religions: Shi’a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%, Other 2%
Ethnic mix: Persian 51%, Azari 24%, Other 10%, Lur and Bakhtiari 8%, Kurdish 7%
Government type: Islamic theocracy
Currency: Iranian rial = 100 dinars
Literacy rate: 85%
Calorie consumption (daily per person): 3042 kilocalories

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