Syria's flagLocation: Southwest Asia
Official name: Syrian Arab Republic
Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1941 / 1967
Capital city: Damascus
Population: 22.5 million / 317 people per sq mile (122 people per sq km)
Total land area: 71,498 square miles (184,180 square km)
Language(s) spoken: Arabic (official language), French, Kurdish, Armenian, Circassian, Turkic Languages, Assyrian, Aramaic
Main religions: Sunni Muslim 74%, Alawi 12%, Christian 10%, Druze 3%, Other 1%
Ethnic mix: Arab 90%, Kurdish 9%, Armenian, Turkmen, and Circassian 1%
Government type: One-party state
Currency: Syrian pound = 100 piastres
Literacy rate: 84%
Calorie consumption (daily per person): 3049 kilocalories

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