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Croatia

Driving Directions Croatia

CROATIA, a republic of former Yugoslavia, made a unilateral declaration of independence on 25 June 1991. Sovereignty was not formally recog­nised by the international community until early in 1992. Located in south­east Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Adriatic Sea, to the north by Slovenia and Hungary, to the east by Yugoslavia and the south by Bosnia-Herzegovina.

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The country has a broad northern region and a long strip of land along the Adriatic coast. The region behind the Adriatic coast is mainly mountainous and includes the Dinaric Alps. Dalmatia is a lower-lying region located to the southwest along the Adriatic coast. The country’s chief farming region is part of the Pannonian Plain which lies to the east of the country.

Croatia, this low-lying, agricultural region drained by the Rivers Sava and Drava which both flow into the Danube.

Over one-third of Croatia forested with beech and oak trees being predominant, and timber is a major export. Deposits of coal, bauxite, copper, petroleum, oil and iron ore are substantial, and most of the republic’s industry based on their processing.

Before the outbreak of war in 1991, Croatia was a fairly prosperous republic of the former Yugoslavia, surpassed in productivity only by Slovenia and accounting for one-quarter of Yugoslavia’s national wealth. However, the fighting in the region has devastated the country’s land, economy, and infrastructure, and recovery is likely to be a slow process.

In Istria in the northwest and on the Dalmatian coast, tourism was a major industry and, although tourists are beginning to return, the tourism industry continues to suffer from the effects of the ongoing hostilities in other parts of the former Yugoslavia.

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