Libya

Driving Directions Libya

LIBYA is a vast, north African country that stretches from the south coast of the Mediterranean to, and in some parts beyond, the Tropic of Cancer. The Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya is an oil-rich country, but most of its territory is uninhabited, consisting of a rocky or sandy desert with extensive “sand seas”.

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The Sahara Desert covers much of the country extending right to the Mediterranean coast at the Gulf of Sirte. The only green areas are the scrublands found in the north­west and the forested hills near Benghazi.

Google maps™ Libya


In general, Libya’s terrain con­sists of undulating rocky plains with two areas of hills, one in the north­west and one in the northeast, and an outcrop of the Tibesti Massif across the border with Chad.

The climate is hot and dry, although moister on the coast where there is winter rainfall. Natural vegetation is very sparse and confined to some coastal areas, hill slopes, and oases. Wildlife species consist of animals able to survive reasonably harsh conditions, notably reptiles, rodents, gazelles, hyenas, and vultures.

Most people live in cities and urban areas along the north coast. Some people, however, still follow a seminomadic, traditional way of life. Many sheep, goats, and cattle reared, and there is an export trade in skins, hides, and hairs. The central agricultural region is in the northwest near Tripoli (Tarabulus), but this is dependent on rainfall. The main crops produced are wheat, tomatoes, fruits, and barley.

Libya is one of the world’s largest producers of oil and natural gas and also produces potash and marine salt. Other industries include food processing, textiles, cement, and handicrafts.

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