Liberia

Driving Directions Liberia

LIBERIA is a republic located in West Africa. Founded in 1847 as a homeland for freed slaves from North America, Liberia is the only African country never to have been ruled by a foreign power.

It has a treacherous coast with rocky cliffs and lagoons enclosed by sand bars, which stretches for 560 kilometers or 348 miles from Sierra Leone to Côte d’Ivoire.

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There is a low-lying, well-watered coastal plain with many mangrove swamps which rises inland to a densely forested plateau this­sected by deep, narrow valleys. North of this lie the Nimba Mountains, which rise to a maximum height of 1,752 meters or 5,748 feet. The mountains are also forested and contain some beautiful waterfalls.

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The forests provide several commercially valuable species, particularly rub­ber trees, palms and mahogany. They are home to a wide variety of ani­mals and birds, including the pygmy hippopotamus, monkeys, chimpanzees, and snakes.

Agriculture employs 75 percent of the workforce and produces cassava and rice as subsistence crops and rubber, coffee and cocoa for export. The Nimba Mountains are rich in iron ore, which accounts for 70 percent of export earnings, and wood, rubber, diamonds, and coffee also exported.

Liberia has an extensive tanker fleet, most of which have foreign owners. Since its establishment in 1847, Liberia’s history has, at times, been a turbulent one, culminating in a devastating civil war in the 1990s. The economy has suffered greatly as a result, and the situation remains uncertain, leaving Liberia with considerable problems to overcome.

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