|Borderline map of Haiti||Location map of Haiti||Flag of Haiti|
Google maps and detailed facts of Haiti (HT). This page enables you to explore Haiti and its border countries (Country Location: the Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Haiti, Central America, and the Caribbean start here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Haiti Google maps™
The map below shows Haiti with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Haiti with its location: Central America, and the Caribbean (geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 72 25 W), and the international borders of Haiti; total: 376 km. Border countries (total: 1): Dominican Republic 376 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Haiti, or Central America, and the Caribbean. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Haiti, Central America, and the Caribbean are for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Haiti Google map and facts/wiki.
About Haiti in detail
Where is Haiti?
Haiti, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 18 32 N 72 20 W otherwise in Central America, and the Caribbean, in the Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic.
What is the capital city of Haiti?
The capital city of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
What is the time in Port-au-Prince?
It is the same time as Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; the timezone of Port-au-Prince is UTC-5.
What is the Internet code for Haiti?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Haiti is: .ht
What is the size of Haiti?
The territory of Haiti is total: 27,750 sq km; land: 27,560 sq km, water: 190 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Haiti is somewhat smaller than Maryland.
If we would like to walk around and discover Haiti, we can cover a total distance: 376 km.
What is the water coverage of Haiti?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Haiti is covered by water (see below), including 1,771 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Haiti?
The climate of Haiti is tropical: semiarid where mountains in the east cut off trade winds.
Geographical data of Haiti
Haiti’s elevation; mean elevation: 470 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: the Caribbean Sea 0 m, highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m.
The specific geographical details of Haiti include mostly rough and mountainous.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic).
Resources and land use of Haiti
The country’s main mined products are bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 66.4%; arable land 38.5%; permanent crops 10.2%; permanent pasture 17.7%; forest: 3.6%; other: 30% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Haiti
The number of inhabitants of Haiti is 10,485,800 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the population distribution proportion, it is safe to say that reasonably even distribution; the largest concentrations are located near coastal areas.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 58.6% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Haiti is concentrated in PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) 2.44 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Haiti
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are black 95%, mulatto and white 5%.
Spoken languages in Haiti
Haiti’s spoken languages are the following: French (official language), Creole (official language).
What are the most important religions in Haiti?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Roman Catholic (official) 54.7%, Protestant 28.5% (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5%, other 0.7%), voodoo (official) 2.1%, other 4.6%, none 10.2%note: many Haitians practice elements of voodoo in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; voodoo was recognized as an official religion in 2003.
Further population data of Haiti
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 33.39% (male 1,744,599 / female 1,756,155) 15-24 years: 21.35% (male 1,120,532 / female 1,118,278) 25-54 years: 36.24% (male 1,885,478 / female 1,914,078) 55-64 years: 4.94% (male 246,453 / female 271,455) 65 years and over: 4.09% (male 189,098 / female 239,674) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Haiti is 1.71% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Haiti the birth rate is 23.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 7.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Haiti, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Haiti, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Haiti are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 7.6% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Haiti
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; Haiti’s economy suffered a severe setback in January 2010 when a 7.0 magnitude earthquake destroyed much of its capital city, Port-au-Prince, and neighboring areas. Currently, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with 80% of the population. Haiti is a free-market economy with low labor costs and tariff-free access to the US for many exports. Two-fifths of all Haitians depend on the agricultural sector, mainly small-scale subsistence farming. US economic engagement under the Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA) and the 2008 Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement Act (HOPE II) helped increase apparel exports and investment by providing duty-free access to some segments. Investment in Haiti is hampered by the difficulty of doing business and weak infrastructure, including access to electricity. Haiti’s outstanding external debt was canceled by donor countries following the 2010 earthquake but has since risen to nearly $.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Haiti is $8.259 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Haiti is 1.5% (2016 estimate) 1.2% (2015 estimate) 2.8% (2014 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange was temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Haiti this is $1,800 (2016 estimate) $1,800 (2015 estimate) $1,800 (2014 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Haiti produces?
Haiti’s main agricultural products are coffee, mangoes, cocoa, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum, wood, vetiver.
The crucial segments are textiles, sugar refining, flour milling, cement, and light assembly using imported parts regarding the economy. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on materials, sugar refining, flour milling, cement, light assembly using imported parts.
Drinking water source in Haiti
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 64.9% of the population, rural: 47.6% of the population, total: 57.7% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 35.1% of the population, rural: 52.4% of the people, total: 42.3% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Haiti
In Haiti, the average delivery number is 2.79 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Haiti
The population’s average age is 22.6 years; male: 22.4 years, female: 22.8 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Haiti; it is 18 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Haiti is 1.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a native-born citizen of Haiti. Dual citizenship recognized: no—residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Is Haiti a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Haiti
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Haiti, the hospital beds’ density is 1.3 beds / 1,000 population (2007).
According to the WHO rating regarding Haiti’s contagious diseases, the degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria. Note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Haiti, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Haiti is 10.7% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Haiti? Is there any?
Haiti’s most known natural risk lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts.
More interesting facts about Haiti
A few words about the past, as every country and society is connected to its history; The native Taino – who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered it in 1492 – were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. Based on forestry and sugar-related industries, the French colony became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti’s nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L’Ouverture. After a prolonged struggle, Haiti became the first post-colonial black-led nation globally, declaring its independence in 1804. Haiti’s poorest country in the Western Hemisphere has experienced political instability for most of its history. A massive 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in January 2010 with an epicenter about 25 km (15 mi) west of the capital, Port-au-Prince. Estimates are that over 300,000 people were killed and some 1.5 million left homeless. The earthquake was assessed as the worst in this region over the last 200 years. In October 2016, Hurricane Matthew struck southwestern Haiti, causing widespread and devastating destruction, with an estimated 2.1 million people. President Michel MARTELLY completed his term in February 2016 with no successor in place. The National Assembly elected Interim President Jocelerme PRIVERT to lead until new elections took place in 2017.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Haiti: 1 January 1804 (from France).
The flag and other symbols of Haiti
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L’UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength); the colors are taken from the French Tricolor and represent the union of blacks and mulattoes.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
Haiti’s national symbols: Hispaniolan trogon (bird), hibiscus flower; national colors: blue, red.
Constitution of Haiti
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Haiti?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Haiti is a civil law system strongly influenced by the Napoleonic Code.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Haiti, we can highlight the following structures bicameral legislature or “le Corps Legislatif ou parlement” consists of le Senat or Senate (30 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in two rounds if needed; members serve 6-year terms with one-third of the membership renewed every 2 years) and la Chambre de deputes or Chamber of Deputies (118 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in two rounds if needed; members serve 4-year terms); note – when the two chambers meet collectively it is known as L’Assemblee Nationale or the National Assembly that is convened for specific purposes spelled out in the constitutionelections: Senate – last held on 9 August 2015 with run-off election on 25 October 2015 (next possible election in 2017); Chamber of Deputies – last held on 9 August 2015 with run-off election on 25 October 2015 (next regular election maybe held in 2017)election results: 2015 Senate – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – NA; 2015 Chamber of Deputies – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – NA; note – official results pending.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Haiti
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Haiti, the labor force is 4.594 million (2014 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Haiti is total: 48.2 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 54.6 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 41.8 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Haiti is 40.6% (2010 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Haiti, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 0.7% highest 10%: 47.7% (2001).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Haiti, the GINI index is .60,8 (2012).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Haiti, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: 0.7% highest 10%: 47.7% (2001).
About the budget and central governments debt of Haiti
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Haiti’s budget is; revenues: $1.563 billion, expenditures: $1.819 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 18.9% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Haiti is 1 October – 30 September.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Haiti
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 12.4% (2016 estimate), 9% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 12.9% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Haiti
Haiti, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Haiti is: $933.2 million (2016 estimate), $1.029 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: apparel, manufactures, oils, cocoa, mangoes, coffee.
The most important export partners of Haiti are the US, 85.3% (2015).
The most important imported products are food, manufactured goods, machinery, transport equipment, fuels, raw materials, and the countries from where the import is coming: the Dominican Republic 35.3%, US 24.5%, Netherlands Antilles 9.4%, China 9.4% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Haiti
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Haiti, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 22.7% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Haiti, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Haiti; telecommunications infrastructure is among the least-developed in Latin America and the Caribbean; domestic cell service is functional. Domestic: mobile-cellular telephone services have significantly expanded in the last five years due to low-cost GSM phones and pay-as-you-go plans; mobile-cellular teledensity is about 70 per 100 persons international: country code – 509; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Haiti
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Haiti: 14 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of Haiti’s roadways: total: 4,266 km, paved: 768 km, unpaved: 3,498 km (2009).
The total length of the waterways in Haiti: N/A.
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Facts & data about Haiti
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Republic of Haiti, traditional short form: Haiti, local long form: Republique d’Haiti/Repiblik d Ayiti, local short state: Haiti/Ayiti, etymology: the native Taino name means “land of high mountains” and was originally applied to the entire island of Hispaniola.
|Abbreviation: Haiti||Geographic coordinates:|
19 00 N, 72 25 W
|Country Location: Central America and the Caribbean|
|Capital of Haiti: Port-au-Prince||GPS of the Capital:|
18 32 N 72 20 W
|Position: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic|
|Land area: total: 27,750 sq km; land: 27,560 sq km, water: 190 sq km||Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than Maryland|
|Population: 10,485,800 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 1.71% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.01 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.99 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.91 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s) / female, total population: 0.98 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $933.2 million (2016 estimate), $1.029 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $3.149 billion (2016 estimate), $3.445 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Dominican Republic 35.3%, US 24.5%, Netherlands Antilles 9.4%, China 9.4% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 58.6% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) 2.44 million (2015)||Median age: total: 22.6 years; male: 22.4 years, female: 22.8 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 1.233 million. Percent of the population: 12.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 41,000. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 7.412 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 73 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 40.6% (2010 estimate)||Nationality: Haitian(s) adjective: Haitian||National holidays: Independence Day, 1 January (1804)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.8 years. Male: 61.2 years, female: 66.4 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 2.79 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 23.3 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 60.7%; male: 64.3%, female: 57.3% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system strongly influenced by Napoleonic Code||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: textiles, sugar refining, flour milling, cement, light assembly using imported parts||Industrial production growth rate: 0.5% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.5% (2016 estimate) 1.2% (2015 estimate) 2.8% (2014 estimate)|
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