Pakistan

Driving Directions Pakistan

PAKISTAN lies just north of the Tropic of Cancer and has the Arabian Sea as its south­ern border. The far north of Pakistan covers the disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir, which has been the cause of a severe conflict with India.

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The Indus river system is the country’s principal topographical feature. It splits the country into a highland region in the west and a lowland region in the east. The Indus enters the state in the northeast. It is joined by four other major rivers, the Jelűm, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej, which dominate the north-central area before flowing southwestwards to the Arabian Sea West of the Indus Valley lies the Baluchistan Highlands – an arid, rugged plateau interrupted by many mountain ranges which push southwards from the high Hindu Kush in the north.

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The north of Pakistan is dominated by the vast mountains of the Hindu Kush and the Karakorum range, containing K2, which, at 8,607 meters or 28,238 feet, is second in height only to Everest.

In southeast Pakistan, the Thar Desert extends across the border into India.

A weak form of tropical monsoon climate occurs over most of the country, and conditions in the north and west are arid. Temperatures are high everywhere in summer, but winters are cold in the mountains. In most parts of the country, rainfall is light and falls in the summer months.

Natural vegetation varies considerably from coniferous and evergreen forests to scrub and desert, and there is a wide range of indigenous wildlife.

The alluvial plain of the Indus river system provides useful agricultural land, but the cultivatable area restricted because of waterlogging and saline soils. Most agriculture is subsistence, with wheat and rice as the primary food crops and cotton and rice as the main cash crops.

Pakistan’s wide range of mineral resources has not extensively developed, and the industry concentrates on food processing, textiles, and consumer goods. Handicrafts include carpets and pottery.

A lack of modern transport systems, due to the country’s mountainous terrain, hinders further economic progress.

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