Nigeria

Driving Directions Nigeria

NIGERIA is a large federal republic in West Africa that extends from the Gulf of Guinea north to the border with Niger. It is not only the most densely populated country in Africa but also one of the most powerful and vital.

Driving Directions



Nigeria’s topography, climate, and natural vegetation vary considerably. The coastal belt is a region of sandy beaches, lagoons, and swampy mangrove forests. Beyond this lies a part of tropical rainforest with the land gradually rising towards extensive central and northern plateaux. Surrounding the mesas are savannah plains that grade into semidesert and desert in the extreme north of the country.

Google maps™ Nigeria


Crossing the eastern border with Cameroon is the high Adamawa Plateau (Massif de I’Adoumaoua), where Nigeria’s highest peak, Vogel (2,042 meters or 6,699 feet), is located.

The Niger river system, with its many tributaries, drains the country, and Lake Chad stretches across the far northeastern border. The climate varies from a humid, hot equatorial type in the south to more arid conditions with extremes of temperature in the north. The north is also affected by the dry harmattan wind from the Sahara.

The rainy season varies according to the area, but there is considerably less rainfall in the north than in the south. Wildlife is diverse, but animal numbers have declined in many areas due to human activity.

About 75 percent of the land is suitable for agriculture, and subsistence farmers raise a wide variety of crops. The main agricultural products are cocoa beans, rubber, groundnuts, and cotton, with only cocoa being of any export significance. The economy is heavily dependent upon the exploitation of vast reserves of oil and natural gas, but other mineral resources include extensive deposits of coal, iron ore and salt.

Full independence was achieved by Nigeria in 1960. Still, due to several factors, including the elaborate ethnic make-up of the country, the country’s progress has frequently been interrupted by strife and internal dissent.

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