The climate is pleasant with variable rainfall. Winters are generally dry with heavy frosts in lowland areas and frequent snow in the mountains. Due to the mountainous terrain, only one-eighth of the land cultivated, and the main crop is maize. Yields are low because of soil erosion on the steep slopes and overgrazing by herds of sheep and cattle.
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Tourism is beginning to flourish, with skiing and pony trails on hardy Lesotho ponies in the mountains two of the main attractions.
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