Ghana

Driving Directions Ghana

GHANA located on the southern coast of West Africa between Cote d’Ivoire and Togo. In 1957, as the former British Gold Coast, it became the first black African state to achieve independence from European colo­nial rule.

The country has palm-fringed beaches of white sand along the Gulf of Guinea, and where the great River Volta meets the sea, there are peaceful blue lagoons. A coastal, grassy plain gives way to a dense jungle in the southwest and savannah country and woodland in the interior and north.

There is a range of modest-sized mountains (up to 900 meters or 2,950 feet) along the eastern border with Togo. The landscape becomes harsh and barren near the border with Burkina Faso in the far north. Forested areas have been greatly reduced and cleared during the 20th century, although some efforts made to halt this process.

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The country’s two main rivers, the Black Volta and White Volta, unite in central, eastern Ghana to form the River Volta, which then flows southwards to the sea. Construction of the Akosombo Dam on the lower reaches of the river led to the creation of the world’s largest humanmade lake, Lake Volta.

Google maps™ Ghana


A tropical climate prevails, but the north is drier than the south. There is one main rainy season from April to July and a minor one from September to November. Natural vegetation is varied but severely depleted, and there has been a consequent decline in the numbers of some wild animals. Species include monkeys, warthog, buffalo, leopard, elephant, snakes, and tropical birds. Most of Ghana’s towns are in the south, but rapid growth has turned many of them into unplanned, sprawling shantytowns.

Agriculture and mining are the country’s principal economic activities. Ghana’s most important crop is cocoa beans, and others include coffee, palm kernels, coconut oil, copra, shea nuts, and bananas, all of which exported. Fishing is also of major importance and has increased in recent years.

Ghana has important mineral resources, notably gold, diamonds, manganese, and bauxite. Independence gained in 1957, and the country has, at times, been troubled by periods of political instability, but it appears to have become more settled during the 1990s.

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