Pakistan's flagLocation: South Asia
Official name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1947 / 1971
Capital city: Islamabad
Population: 185 million / 621 people per sq mile (240 people per sq km)
Total land area: 310,401 square miles (803,940 square km)
Language(s) spoken: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtu, Urdu (official language), Baluchi, Brahui
Main religions: Sunni Muslim 77%, Shi’a Muslim 20%, Hindu 2%, Christian 1%
Ethnic mix: Punjabi 56%, Pathan (Pashtun) 15%, Sindhi 14%, Mohajir 7%, Other 4%, Baluchi 4%
Government type: Presidential system
Currency: Pakistani rupee = 100 paisa
Literacy rate: 56%
Calorie consumption (daily per person): 2251 kilocalories

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