Japan's flagLocation: East Asia
Official name: Japan
Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1590 / 1972
Capital city: Tokyo
Population: 127 million / 874 people per sq mile (337 people per sq km)
Total land area: 145,882 square miles (377,835 square km)
Language(s) spoken: Japanese (official language), Korean, Chinese
Main religions: Shinto and Buddhist 76%, Buddhist 16%, Other (including Christian) 8%
Ethnic mix: Japanese 99%, Other (mainly Korean) 1%
Government type: Parliamentary system
Currency: Yen = 100 sen
Literacy rate: 99%
Calorie consumption (daily per person): 2806 kilocalories

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