The Vatican City was formally created in 1929 and is the last of the Papal States – territories that once came under the direct control of the Pope. It is a walled city with six gates and consists of the Vatican Palace, the Papal Gardens, St Peter’s Square, and St Peter’s Basilica as well as museums, a library, and about a thousand rooms and offices.
Google maps™ Vatican City
The state has its own police, newspaper, telephone and telegraph services, coinage, stamps, radio station and railway station. The radio station, “Radio Vaticana,” broadcasts a service in 34 languages from transmitters within the Vatican City.
It’s outstanding museums have collections of antiquities and works by Italian masters, and the Vatican Library’s collection of ancient manuscripts is priceless.
The Pope exercises sovereignty and has absolute legislative, executive, and judicial powers.