Antigua and Barbuda Driving Directions
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA is a tiny state comprising three islands – Antigua, Barbuda, and Redonda, an uninhabited rocky islet located on the eastern side of the Leeward Islands.
Formerly under British rule, they became independent in 1981. Antigua’s strategic position was recognised by the British in the 18th century when it was an important naval base and later by the USA, who built the island’s airport during World War II to defend the Caribbean and the Panama Canal.
Mainly low-lying, the country’s highest point is Boggy Peak at 405 meters or 1,329 feet. Although its average rainfall of 100 millimeters or 4 inches makes it drier than most of the other West Indian islands, the climate is tropical. Tourism is the primary industry as its numerous sandy beaches make it an ideal holiday destination. Coral reefs surround Barbuda, and the island is home to a wide range of wildlife. Cotton, sugar cane and fruits cultivated, and fishing is an essential industry in Barbuda. Significant damage was inflicted on Antigua and Barbuda in 1995 by Hurricane Luis when over 75 percent of the property was destroyed or damaged.
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Antigua, the largest of the British Leeward Islands, is partly volcanic and partly coral in makeup. Many islets line its northeastern coast, and its central area is a fertile plain. Barbuda is a coral island. Redonda is a rocky, low-lying islet.
Antigua and Barbuda are located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. The open Atlantic Ocean lies to the north and east. The island of Guadeloupe lies to the south, on the far side of Antigua’s Guadeloupe Passage.
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The Frigate Bird Sanctuary, in Barbuda’s Codrington Lagoon, is home to more than 170 bird species, including its namesake, the frigate bird (Fregata magnificens).