Driving Directions Luxembourg
LUXEMBOURG is entirely landlocked, bounded by France in the south, Belgium in the west, and Germany. The northern part of the country is a wooded plateau, known as the Oesling, rising to 550 meters or 1,804 feet.
This region is a continuation of the Ardennes Plateau’s forested hills, where Luxembourg’s highest peak, Buurgplatz (559 meters or 1,835 feet), is situated.
The southern two-thirds of the country consists of a lowland area of valleys and ridges and undulating wooded farmland, known as the Gutland. Luxembourg is bordered by the Moselle river in the east, in whose valley grapes are produced for wine.
Luxembourg is a wealthy and highly industrialized country whose citizens enjoy a very high standard of living. Partly because of its history, during which the duchy was ruled over or incorporated at various times into its European neighbors’ territory, Luxembourg has a cosmopolitan population and outlook.
The capital, Luxembourg City, is the seat of the European Court of Justice. Northern winters are cold and raw, with snow covering the ground for almost a month, but winters are mild and summers cold in the south.
Agriculture provides a small but essential contribution to the economy with grains, vegetables such as potatoes, fruits, and grapes for wine. Pigs, cattle, and poultry are among the animals that are reared. Luxembourg has rich (but declining) deposits of iron ore. The manufacture of iron and steel has traditionally been one of the two mainstays of the economy, the other being banking.
Other manufactured goods include chemicals, machinery, paper and paper products, foods, plastics, and rubber. Insurance services and tourism also play an increasingly important part in the country’s economy.
Google maps™ Luxembourg
Despite its small size, Luxembourg’s terrain varies considerably. It includes parts of three different topographical areas: the Lorraine plateau of northern France, the foothills of Belgium’s Ardennes Mountains, and Germany’s Moselle Valley. The intersection of these features carves Luxembourg into two major geographic regions. The northern third of the country, known as the Oesling, is a plateau region belonging to southeastern Belgium’s Ardennes system. The southern two-thirds, known as Gutland, or the Bon Pays, is a lower elevation region consisting of hills and broad valleys. Luxembourg is landlocked; the most important lake is the Upper Sûre Lake, situated on the Sûre River course as it winds across the upper portion of the country. Esch-Sur-Sûre is located at its eastern end, which is both a nature reserve and a hydroelectric dam.
Did you know about Luxembourg?
Human settlement near Luxembourg’s secondlargest city, Esch-sur-Alzette, can be traced back five thousand years.
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