Jamaica

Driving Directions Jamaica

JAMAICA is an island state in the Caribbean Sea about 150-kilo­meters or 93 miles south of Cuba. The island’s center comprises a limestone plateau, and narrow coastal flatlands and palm-fringed beaches surround this. The highest mountains, the Blue Mountains, are in the east of the island.

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The climate is tropical, with high temperatures at the coast and slightly cooler and less humid conditions in the highlands. Jamaica suffers from severe earthquakes and thermal springs found in areas of the country. The island also lies in the middle of the hur­ricane zone.

The traditional crops grown are sugar cane, bananas, peppers, ginger, cocoa beans, and coffee, while new crops, such as winter vegetables, fruit, and honey, are being developed for export. There is also an illegal cannabis trade.

The mining of bauxite and alumina plays an essential part in Jamaica’s economy and accounts for around 60 percent of its yearly exports.

The industrialization has been encouraged, and cloth­ing, footwear, cement, and agricultural machinery are now produced. Tourism is a vital industry with over one million visitors annually.

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Coastal plains and valleys fringe an interior plateau covering most of the island, extending from east to west along its length. The plateau’s uneven surface is broken by twisting valleys, limestone hills, broad basins, and two mountain ranges.

The Caribbean Sea plunges to great depths not far from the Jamaican shoreline. The Bartlett Trough, which lies between Jamaica and Cuba, reaches 7,010 meters (23,000 feet). There are extensive coral reefs near the southeast coast.

Did you know about Jamaica?

Jamaica has several radioactive hot springs. One – the Milk River Bath – is said to have the highest radioactivity level globally.

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