|Borderline map of Cuba||Location map of Cuba||Flag of Cuba|
Google maps and detailed facts of Cuba (CU). This page enables you to explore Cuba and its border countries (Country Location: the Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Cuba, Central America, and the Caribbean starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Cuba Google maps™
The map below shows Cuba with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, view just a simple map, and click on the “show map” button.
The Google map above shows Cuba with its location: Central America, and the Caribbean (geographic coordinates: 21 30 N, 80 00 W) and the international borders of Cuba; total: 28.5 km. Border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 28.5 km. Note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and remains part of Cuba; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Look at the Street view in Cuba, Central America, and the Caribbean. All you have to do is drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries globally), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Cuba, Central America, and the Caribbean are for informational use only. No representation is made or warrantied given any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risks of using this Cuba Google map and facts/wiki.
About Cuba in detail
Where is Cuba?
Cuba, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 23 07 N 82 21 W otherwise in Central America, and the Caribbean, in the Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida.
What is the capital city of Cuba?
The capital city of Cuba is Havana.
What is the time in Havana?
It is the same time as Washington, D.C. during Standard Time; Havana’s timezone is UTC-5.
What is the Internet code for Cuba?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Cuba is: .cu
What is the size of Cuba?
The territory of Cuba is total: 110,860 sq km; land: 109,820 sq km, water: 1,040 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Cuba is somewhat smaller than Pennsylvania.
If we would like to walk around and discover Cuba, we can cover a total distance: 28.5 km.
What is the water coverage of Cuba?
We have already mentioned what percentage of Cuba is covered by water (see below), including a 3,735 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Cuba?
Cuba’s climate is tropical: moderated by trade winds: the dry season (November to April): rainy season (May to October).
Geographical data of Cuba
The elevation of Cuba; mean elevation: 108 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: the Caribbean Sea 0 m, highest point: Pico Turquino 1,974 m.
Cuba’s specific geographical details include mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast.
Suppose we would like to describe the countries location from a different perspective. In that case, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Cuba is the largest country in the Caribbean and the westernmost island of the Greater Antilles.
Resources and land use of Cuba
The country’s main mined products are cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 60.3%; arable land 33.8%; permanent crops 3.6%; permanent pasture 22.9%; forest: 27.3%; other: 12.4% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Cuba
The number of inhabitants of Cuba is 11,179,995 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that large population clusters are found throughout the country, the more significant ones being in the larger towns and cities, particularly the capital of Havana.
If we look at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 77.1% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Cuba is concentrated in HAVANA (capital) 2.137 million (2015).
Ethnicity in Cuba
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups are white 64.1%, mestizo 26.6%, black 9.3% (2012 estimate).
Spoken languages in Cuba
The spoken languages in Cuba are the following: Spanish (official language).
What are the most important religions in Cuba?
According to this general census, researchers examine the churches: nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria. Note: before CASTRO assuming power.
Further population data of Cuba
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 16.7% (male 960,832 / female 905,904) 15-24 years: 12.44% (male 721,390 / female 669,960) 25-54 years: 44.95% (male 2,526,467 / female 2,498,882) 55-64 years: 11.27% (male 610,190 / female 649,656) 65 years and over: 14.64% (male 751,621 / female 885,093) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Cuba is -0.3% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate is based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Cuba the birth rate is 10.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 8.6 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Cuba, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is N/A.
Although the children’s birth is postponed in the best-case scenario, the parents can still see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Cuba, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Cuba are the following: N/A. Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 11.1% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Cuba
Suppose we would like to describe a country. We also have to mention its economy; The government balances the need for loosening its socialist economic system against a desire for firm political control. In April 2011, the government held the first Cuban Communist Party Congress in almost 13 years. The Cuban regime has updated its economic model to include permitting the private ownership and sale of real estate and new vehicles, allowing private farmers to sell agricultural goods directly to hotels, allowing the creation of non-agricultural cooperation. Since late 2000, Venezuela has provided petroleum products to Cuba on preferential terms, supplying nearly 100,000 barrels per day.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics are based on it. GDP in Cuba is $77.15 billion (2013 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of GDP growth, which in Cuba is 1.3% (2014 estimate), 2.7% (2013 estimate) 3% (2012 estimate).
These statistics affect the world economy; remember, in 2015, the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange is temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Cuba this is $11,600 (2014 estimate) $11,500 (2013 estimate) $11,200 (2012 estimate).
In the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Cuba produces?
Cuba’s main agricultural products are sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock.
The essential segments are petroleum, nickel, cobalt, pharmaceuticals, tobacco, construction, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, and sugar. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on petroleum, nickel, cobalt, pharmaceuticals, tobacco, construction, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, sugar.
Drinking water source in Cuba
It is essential to mention that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 96.4% of the population, rural: 89.8% of the people, total: 94.9% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 3.6% of the population, rural: 10.2% of the population, total: 5.1% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Cuba
In Cuba, the average delivery number is 1.71 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Cuba
The population’s average age is 41.1 years; male: 40 years, female: 42.2 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world. In Cuba, it is 16 years of age, universal.
When we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor in the number of new immigrants. In Cuba is -5.3 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes. Citizenship by descent: yes. Dual citizenship recognized: no—residency requirement for naturalization: unknown.
Is Cuba a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Cuba
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Cuba, the hospital beds’ density is 5.3 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to the WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Cuba, the degree of risk: intermediate food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A vectorborne diseases: dengue fever. Note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced; it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities due to the disease.
In Cuba, the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Cuba is 27.2% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Cuba? Is there any?
The most known natural risk in Cuba is the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to November (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common.
More interesting facts about Cuba
A few words about the past, as every country and society, are connected to its history; The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule eventually provoked an independence movement and occasional rebellions that were harshly suppressed. US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. The Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence from Spain in 1898. Following three-and-a-half years of subsequent US military rule, Cuba became an independent republic in 1902.
The island experienced a string of governments mostly dominated by the military and corrupt politicians. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his authoritarian rule held the subsequent regime together for nearly five decades. He stepped down as president in February 2008 in favor of his younger brother Raul CASTRO. Cuba’s communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country faced a severe economic downturn in 1990 following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies worth $4-6 billion annually. At times, Cuba portrays the US embargo, in place since 1961, as the source of its difficulties. Illicit migration to the US – using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the US’s southern border – is a continuing problem. In FY 2014, the US Coast Guard interdicted 2,111 Cuban nationals at sea, the highest since FY 2008. In FY 2014, 24,289 Cuban migrants presented themselves at various land border ports of entry throughout the US.
As a result of efforts begun in December 2014 by President OBAMA to re-establishment diplomatic relations with the Cuban government, which were severed in January 1961, the US and Cuba reopened embassies in their respective countries on 20 July 2015. Over the past decade, there has been growing communication with the Cuban Government to address national interests.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Cuba: 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902); not acknowledged by the Cuban Government as a day of independence.
The flag and other symbols of Cuba
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either; five equal horizontal bands of blue (top, center, and bottom) alternating with white; a red equilateral triangle based on the hoist side bears a white, five-pointed star in the center; the blue bands refer to the three old divisions of the island: central, occidental, and oriental; the white bands describe the purity of the independence ideal; the triangle symbolizes liberty, equality, and fraternity, while the red color stands for the bloodshed in the independence struggle; the white star, called La Estrella Solitaria (the Lone Star) lights the way to freedom and is taken from the flag of Texas. Note: design similar to the Puerto Rican flag, with the bands’ colors and triangle reversed.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The anthem’s primary purpose is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Cuba: royal palm; national colors: red, white, blue.
Constitution of Cuba
The existence of the nation is based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew worldwide, like the U.S. Constitution that was accepted on the 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the United States of America’s Constitution.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Cuba?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action,” while in the rest of the world, the law is based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Cuba is a civil law system based on the Spanish civil code.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. The age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the rules usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Cuba, we can highlight the following structures unicameral National Assembly of People’s Power or Asemblea Nacional del Poder Popular (614 seats; members directly elected by an absolute majority in a modified two-round vote; members serve 5-year terms); note – the National Candidature Commission submits a slate of approved candidates who must obtain 50-percent of valid votes to be elected; if not, a by-election may be held, or the seat remains vacant.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Cuba
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of the unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor, and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts fail. In Cuba, the labor force is 5.117 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Cuba is total: 4.5 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 5 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 4 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Cuba is 2.5% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the most affluent eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Cuba, the households’ income and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but is mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index was named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Cuba, the GINI index is N/A.
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Cuba, the poverty line people are the lowest 10%: N/A% highest 10%: N/A%.
About the budget and central governments debt of Cuba
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. Cuba’s budget is; revenues: $52.37 billion, expenditures: $58.59 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 67.9% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is N/A.
The fiscal year in Cuba is the calendar year.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Cuba
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 4.5% (2016 estimate), 4.6% (2015 estimate), and the commercial bank prime lending rate: N/A%.
Export/import partners and data of Cuba
Cuba, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Cuba is: $3.428 billion (2016 estimate), $3.903 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: petroleum, nickel, medical products, sugar, tobacco, fish, citrus, coffee.
The most important imported products are petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals, and the countries from where the import is coming: Venezuela 31.8%, China 17.6%, Spain 10%, Brazil 4.8% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Cuba
To suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace the fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against pollution. Cuba, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy is coming from the hydroelectric source, is 0.7% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 0.1% of total installed capacity (2013 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Cuba, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Cuba; fixed-line and mobile services still under the monopoly of state-run ETESCA; mobile-cellular telephone service is expensive and must be paid in convertible pesos; Cuban Government has opened Internet cafes around the island, which are expensive. Domestic: fixed-line density remains low at about 10 per 100 inhabitants; mobile-cellular service expanding but remains only about 30 per 100 persons. International: country code – 53; the ALBA-1 fiber-optic submarine cable links Cuba, Jamaica, and Venezuela; fiber-optic cable laid to but not linked to US network; satellite earth station – 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region) (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Cuba
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but if the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Cuba: 133 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Cuba: total: 60,858 km, paved: 29,820 km (includes 639 km of expressways), unpaved: 31,038 km (2001).
The total length of the waterways in Cuba: 240 km (almost all navigable inland waterways are near the mouths of rivers) (2011).
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Facts & data about Cuba
Name of the country: conventional long way: the Republic of Cuba, traditional short form: Cuba, local long form: Republica de Cuba, local short state: Cuba, etymology: name derives from the Taino Indian designation for the island “coabana” meaning “great place.”
|Abbreviation: Cuba||Geographic coordinates:|
21 30 N, 80 00 W
|Country Location: Central America and the Caribbean|
|Capital of Cuba: Havana||GPS of the Capital:|
23 07 N 82 21 W
|Position: the Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida|
|Land area: total: 110,860 sq km; land: 109,820 sq km, water: 1,040 sq km||Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast||Area comparative: somewhat smaller than Pennsylvania|
|Population: 11,179,995 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: -0.3% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.06 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.08 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.94 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s) / female, total population: 0.99 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $3.428 billion (2016 estimate), $3.903 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $12.34 billion (2016 estimate), $13.48 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: Venezuela 31.8%, China 17.6%, Spain 10%, Brazil 4.8% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 77.1% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): HAVANA (capital) 2.137 million (2015)||Median age: total: 41.1 years; male: 40 years, female: 42.2 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 3.432 million. Percent of the population: 31.1%||Telephones (fixed-lines): total subscriptions: 1,295,857. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 12 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 3.335 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 30 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 2.5% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Cuban(s) adjective: Cuban||National holidays: Triumph of the Revolution (Liberation Day), 1 January (1959)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.7 years. Male: 76.4 years, female: 81.1 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.71 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 10.8 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 99.8%; male: 99.9%, female: 99.8% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: civil law system based on Spanish civil code||Suffrage: 16 years of age, universal|
|Industries: petroleum, nickel, cobalt, pharmaceuticals, tobacco, construction, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, sugar||Industrial production growth rate: -0.2% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.3% (2014 estimate) 2.7% (2013 estimate) 3% (2012 estimate)|
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