|Borderline map of Jamaica||Location map of Jamaica||Flag of Jamaica|
Google maps and detailed facts of Jamaica (JM). This page enables you to explore Jamaica and its border countries (Country location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba) through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before Google maps.
Find comprehensive information below about this country in its diversity: Google maps, geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history – All in One Wiki page.
There is also Street View and free Driving Directions at your service. Your Google Satellite Map Sightseeing in Jamaica, in Central America and the Caribbean, starts here at Driving Directions and Maps.com.
Jamaica Google maps™
The map below shows Jamaica with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, and also providing Street Views. To find a location, use the form below, type any city or place, and to view, just a simple map click on the “Show map” button.
The Google map above is showing Jamaica with its location: Central America and the Caribbean (geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 77 30 W) and the international borders of Jamaica; 0 km; furthermore, it’s inland counties boundaries.
Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Jamaica, or Central America and the Caribbean. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (named: Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location. After that, whenever it is available (more than 50 countries in the world), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base. In case if you have signed in to your Google account currently, you may have a look at the satellite map of this country/area as well.
The map of Jamaica, Central America and the Caribbean, is informational use only. No representation made or warrantied given as to any map or its content by Driving Directions and Maps site. The user assumes all risk of use of this Jamaica Google map and facts/wiki.
About Jamaica in detail
Where is Jamaica?
Jamaica, in case, if you are looking on the map under the Coordinates 18 00 N 76 48 W otherwise in Central America and the Caribbean, in Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba.
What is the capital city of Jamaica?
The capital city of Jamaica is: Kingston.
What is the time in Kingston?
It is same time as Washington, D.C. during Standard Time, the timezone of Kingston is: UTC-5.
What is the Internet code for Jamaica?
The Top Level Domain (TLD) for Jamaica is: .jm
What is the size of Jamaica?
The territory of Jamaica is total: 10,991 sq km; land: 10,831 sq km, water: 160 sq km.
If we want to describe the size of the territory of Jamaica is slightly smaller than Connecticut.
If we would like to walk around and discover Jamaica, we can do that by covering a distance of 0 km.
What is the water coverage of Jamaica?
We have already mentioned on this website, that what percentage of Jamaica is covered by water (see below), and this includes 1,022 km coastline.
What is the climate like in Jamaica?
The climate of Jamaica is tropical: hot, humid: temperate interior.
Geographical data of Jamaica
The elevation of Jamaica; mean elevation: 18 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m, highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m.
The typical geographical details of Jamaica include mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain.
If we would like to describe the countries location from a different point of view, it is safe to say, and easy to read from a map, Jamaica is strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for the Panama Canal.
Resources and land use of Jamaica
The country’s main mined products are bauxite, gypsum, limestone. The population partly uses the earlier highlighted land territory and partly left in its natural state: agricultural land: 41.4%; arable land 11.1%; permanent crops 9.2%; permanent pasture 21.1%; forest: 31.1%; other: 27.5% (2011 estimate).
Population data of Jamaica
The number of inhabitants of Jamaica is 2,970,340 (July 2016 estimate).
If we examine the proportion of the population distribution, it is safe to say that population density is high throughout, but increases in and around Kingston, Montego Bay, and Port Esquivel.
If we are looking at the proportion of the urbanized and barely populated areas, these are the figures: urban population: 54.8% of the total population (2015).
Most of the population in Jamaica is concentrated in KINGSTON (capital) 588,000 (2015).
Ethnicity in Jamaica
According to ethnicity details, the ethnic groups in this country are the following: black 92.1%, mixed 6.1%, East Indian 0.8%, other 0.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2011 estimate).
Spoken languages in Jamaica
The spoken languages in Jamaica are the following: English, English patois.
What are the most important religions in Jamaica?
During the general census, researchers examine the churches, according to this: Protestant 64.8% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 12.0%, Pentecostal 11.0%, Other Church of God 9.2%, New Testament Church of God 7.2%, Baptist 6.7%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.5%, Anglican 2.8%, United Church 2.1%, Methodist 1.6%, Revived 1.4%, Brethren 0.9%, and Moravian 0.7%), Roman Catholic 2.2%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.9%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.5%, none 21.3%, unspecified 2.3% (2011 estimate).
Further population data of Jamaica
The proportion of gender and age tells a lot about the society as follows 0-14 years: 27.56% (male 416,421 / female 402,283) 15-24 years: 21.13% (male 315,190 / female 312,362) 25-54 years: 37.59% (male 551,384 / female 565,279) 55-64 years: 5.78% (male 82,754 / female 88,786) 65 years and over: 7.94% (male 105,593 / female 130,288) (2016 estimate). It also a significant factor in a society the population growth rate, which in the case of Jamaica is 0.68% (2016 estimate).
The population growth rate based on two elements, the birth, and the death rate. In Jamaica the birth rate is 18 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate), the death rate 6.7 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).
In this day and age in developed societies, the first child borns later compared to the previous centuries and decades, so childbearing is extended. In Jamaica, the average age of mothers at the first childbirth is .
In the best-case scenario, although the birth of the children postponed, the parents are still able to see their kids grow as life expectancy also extended. In the case of Jamaica, these figures are. With the introduction of modern medicine, vaccinations, and the proper hygienic conditions, the infant mortality rate is in a steep decline. The infant mortality statistics in Jamaica are the following: . Relevant data is the budget of healthcare, which is in the case of this country is 5.4% of GDP (2014).
Economic data of Jamaica
If we would like to describe a country, we also have to mention its economy; The Jamaican economy is heavily dependent on services, which accounts for more than 70% of GDP. The country continues to derive most of its foreign exchange from tourism, remittances, and bauxite/alumina. Remittances and tourism each account for 30% of GDJamaica’s economy faces many challenges to growth: high crime and corruption, large-scale unemployment and underemployment, and a debt-to-GDP ratio of about 130%. The attendant debt servicing cost consumes a large portion of the government’s budget, limitJamaica’s onerous public debt burden is largely the result of government bailouts to ailing sectors of the economy, most notably the financial sector. In early 2010, the Jamaican Government initiated the Jamaica Debt Exchange to retire high-priced domesti.
GDP is a prominent figure, as all the relevant calculations and statistics based on it. GDP in Jamaica is $13.78 billion (2015 estimate).
Another important indicator is the rate of the GDP growth, which in Jamaica is 1.5% (2016 estimate) 0.9% (2015 estimate) 0.5% (2014 estimate).
These statistics are affecting the world economy; remember in 2015, when the Chinese real GDP growth rate was worse than expected; The world markets fall, and the Chinese stock exchange temporally suspended.
A further major factor of a country’s economy, the GDP per capita. In Jamaica this is $9,000 (2016 estimate) $8,900 (2015 estimate) $8,900 (2014 estimate).
In the case of the economy, the Trinity is in common places, such as agriculture, industry, and services.
What are the agricultural products Jamaica produces?
The main agricultural products of Jamaica are sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, yams, ackees, vegetables; poultry, goats, milk; shellfish.
Regarding the economy, the important segments are tourism, bauxite/alumina, agricultural-processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications. The crucial and regularly mentioned GDP is based on tourism, bauxite/alumina, agricultural-processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications.
Drinking water source in Jamaica
It is important to mention, that – thanks to the development of the infrastructure -, the rate of potable water improved: urban: 97.5% of the population, rural: 89.4% of the population, total: 93.8% of the population. Unimproved: urban: 2.5% of the population, rural: 10.6% of the population, total: 6.2% of the population (2015 estimate).
The average number of childbirth in Jamaica
In Jamaica, the average number of delivery is 1.99 children born / woman (2016 estimate).
Population, median age, migration, and citizenship in Jamaica
The average age of the population is total: 25.6 years; male: 25.1 years, female: 26.1 years (2016 estimate). The age of adulthood varies in every country of the world in Jamaica it is 18 years of age, universal.
In this age, when we are experiencing an unprecedented scale of migration and globalization, it is an important factor the number of new coming immigrants. In Jamaica is -4.5 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate). It is important to know, how to apply for citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes. Citizenship by descent: yes. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 4 out of the previous 5 years.
Is Jamaica a safe destination? Healthcare services and infectious diseases in Jamaica
Many of the travelers are looking into the healthcare services and infectious diseases of their destinations. In Jamaica density of the hospital beds is 1.7 beds / 1,000 population (2012).
According to WHO rating regarding contagious diseases in Jamaica the note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016).
However, HIV is not curable but maintainable. Let’s do not forget when the disease surfaced it was a world threatening condition. Unfortunately, in some countries, it is still very high the number of infected patients and fatalities as a result of the disease.
In Jamaica the number of HIV/AIDS deaths: N/A.
Regarding tourism obesity, not an important issue, but we have to mention among the health statistics, as it is the plague of the 20th and the 21st century. The rate of obese adults in Jamaica is 26.8% (2014).
What are the natural hazards in Jamaica? Is there any?
The most known natural risks in Jamaica are hurricanes (especially July to November).
More interesting facts about Jamaica
A few words about the past, as every country and society, is connected to its history; The island – discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1494 – was settled by the Spanish early in the 16th century. The native Taino, who had inhabited Jamaica for centuries, were gradually exterminated and replaced by African slaves. England seized the island in 1655 and established a plantation economy based on sugar, cocoa, and coffee. The abolition of slavery in 1834 freed a quarter million slaves, many of whom became small farmers. Jamaica gradually increased its independence from Britain. In 1958 it joined other British Caribbean colonies in forming the Federation of the West Indies. Jamaica gained full independence when it withdrew from the Federation in 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence as rival gangs affiliated with the major political parties evolved into powerful organized crime networks involved in international drug smuggling and money laundering. Violent crime, drug trafficking, and poverty pose significant challenges to the government today. Nonetheless, many rural and resort areas remain relatively safe and contribute substantially to the economy.
In every nation’s memory, some cornerstones placed the country on the timeline of history. The date of declaration of independence of Jamaica: 6 August 1962 (from the UK).
The flag and other symbols of Jamaica
The colors, symbols, and animals on the flag usually have a historical background or related to an important milestone or memory of the nation.
This case is not an exception either, diagonal yellow cross divides the flag into four triangles – green (top and bottom) and black (hoist side and fly side); green represents hope, vegetation, and agriculture, black reflects hardships overcome and to be faced, and yellow recalls golden sunshine and the island’s natural resources.
Apart from the flag, the symbol of national unity is the national anthem. The primary purpose of the anthem is to share the nation’s core values, endeavors, and patriotic feelings.
National symbols of Jamaica: green-and-black streamertail (bird), Guaiacum officinale (Guaiacwood); national colors: green, yellow, black.
Constitution of Jamaica
The existence of the nation based on the constitution. Some constitutions knew around the world, like the U.S. Constitution that accepted on 17th of September 1787, in Philadelphia, the Constitution of the United States of America.
It is not related to the declaration of independence that was stolen by Nicolas Cage in the movie National Treasure 🙂
What is the legal system of Jamaica?
Most of the time, the legal system of a country is in the focus of lawyers. It is a common fact that there are two main approaches in the world, “the law in books” and “the law in action.”
In the Anglo-Saxon world, the practice is the “law in action” while in the rest of the world where the law based on Roman law, the “law in books.”
The legal system of Jamaica is a common law system based on the English model.
It was Aristotle who founded the Theory of 3 separations of powers. In his view, these are the council of public affairs, the magistrates, and the justice system. In the age of enlightenment was the time when terminologies have defined the way we still use them. In most democratic countries, the three authorities separated from each other. In dictatorships, the authorities usually interweaved in one hand.
About the legislative branch of Jamaica, we can highlight the following structures bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (21 seats; members appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister and the minority party leader, 13 seats allocated to the ruling party, and 8 seats allocated to the minority party; members serve 5-year terms) and the House of Representatives (63 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)elections: last held on 29 December 2011 (next to be held no later than December 2016)election results: percent of vote by party – PNP 53.3%, JLP 46.6%; seats by party – PNP 41, JLP 22.
About the unemployment rate, labor force, and poverty line in Jamaica
One of the major problems of the 21st-century economy is unemployment. Governments are struggling to maintain a low level of unemployment rate. Still, as a result of automation, the cheap 3rd world labor and the outsourcing of workflow, these attempts are failing. In Jamaica the labor force is 1.312 million (2016 estimate). Please bear in mind that the population in Jamaica is total: 13.1 deaths / 1,000 live births; male: 13.7 deaths / 1,000 live births, female: 12.5 deaths / 1,000 live births (2016 estimate) – as we already mentioned above.
The rate of unemployment in Jamaica is 13.8% (2016 estimate).
Widely known that the gap between the rich and poor is widening on an enormous scale.
According to the 2017 shocking Oxfam report, the richest eight people’s fortune is equal to the wealth of the poorest half of the world’s population.
In Jamaica, the income of the households and consumption compared to the entire population: lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 35.8% (2004).
Another widely used indicator is the so-called GINI index, which measures the inequalities of statistical dispersion, but mainly used for measuring the sharing of income and fortune.
The GINI index named after its founder Corrado Gini, an Italian economist. Gini index has grades between 0-1, but often it is used on a percentage basis. It is 0 if the examined criteria territorial distribution is equal. It is one of the criteria concentrated on the territory. In Jamaica, the GINI index is .45,5 (2004).
The states usually set up a poverty line, which is more or less, is a subjective measure. It varies by country; its base is often the minimum pension, the incomes of the most deficient 20 percent, the X percent of income per capita Etc.
In Jamaica, the people living under the poverty line are the lowest 10%: 2.1% highest 10%: 35.8% (2004).
About the budget and central governments debt of Jamaica
The available budget mainly defines the state’s economy. The budget of Jamaica is; revenues: $3.885 billion, expenditures: $4.033 billion (2016 estimate). Taxes and other revenues are 28.2% of GDP (2016 estimate).
The budget deficit (Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)) is .
The fiscal year in Jamaica is 1 April – 31 March.
In the country’s economy, we have to consider the public debt. Public debt is the consolidated sum of the state’s local, federal, and central government debt.
Inflation rate and prime lending rate in Jamaica
A few further interesting and relevant economic data are the following; Inflation rate: 2.5% (2016 estimate), 3.7% (2015 estimate), and the rate of the Commercial bank prime lending rate: 16.6% (31 December 2016 estimate).
Export/import partners and data of Jamaica
Jamaica, with the export of products, industrial tools, and other services, generates revenue. The export value in Jamaica is: $1.278 billion (2016 estimate), $1.261 billion (2015 estimate). The total revenue of these activities: alumina, bauxite, sugar, rum, coffee, yams, beverages, chemicals, apparel, mineral fuels.
The most important imported products are food and other consumer goods, industrial supplies, fuel, parts and accessories of capital goods, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, and the countries from where the import is coming: US 32.6%, Venezuela 12.4%, China 12%, Trinidad and Tobago 11.1% (2015).
Renewable energies used in Jamaica
As an attempt to suppress the pollution of the environment, renewable energies have to replace fossil energy. The more the proportion of renewable energies in a country means more effort against the pollution. Jamaica, the indicator of how much of the country’s produced energy coming from the hydroelectric source, is 2.5% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
To indicate how much another renewable energy produced is 5.9% of total installed capacity (2012 estimate).
Telecommunication data of Jamaica, calling code
To maintain the economy, the development of a reliable and modern telecommunications infrastructure is crucial. We can say the following about Jamaica; fully automatic domestic telephone networkdomestic: the 1999 agreement to open the market for telecommunications services resulted in rapid growth in mobile-cellular telephone usage while the number of fixed lines in use has declined; combined fixed-line and mobile cellular teledensity exceeds 110 per 100international: country code – 1-876; the Fibralink submarine cable network provides enhanced delivery of business and broadband traffic and is linked to the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) submarine cable in the Dominican Republic; the link to ARCOS-1 pr (2015).
Transport infrastructure in Jamaica
In the 21st century, we often say that the world has become small and there are no distances anymore. With widespread air travel when (sometimes) there are no visa restrictions, it is easy to reach other countries, but in case the distance is not too long, we can also use railway or water transportation.
The number of airports in Jamaica: 28 (2013), and the number of heliports: N/A.
The total length of the roadways in Jamaica: total: 22,121 km (includes 44 km of expressways), paved: 16,148 km, unpaved: 5,973 km (2011).
The total length of the waterways in Jamaica: N/A.
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Facts & data about Jamaica
Name of the country: conventional long form: none, conventional short form: Jamaica, etymology: from the native Taino word “haymaca” meaning “land of wood and water” or possibly “land of springs”.
|Abbrevation: Jamaica||Geographic coordinates:|
18 15 N, 77 30 W
|Country location: Central America and the Caribbean|
|Capital of Jamaica: Kingston||GPS of the Capital:|
18 00 N 76 48 W
|Position: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba|
|Land area: total: 10,991 sq km; land: 10,831 sq km, water: 160 sq km||Terrain: mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain||Area comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut|
|Population: 2,970,340 (July 2016 estimate)||Population grow rate: 0.68% (2016 estimate)||Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s) / female, 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s) / female, 15-24 years: 1.01 male(s) / female, 25-54 years: 0.98 male(s) / female, 55-64 years: 0.93 male(s) / female, 65 years and over: 0.81 male(s) / female, total population: 0.98 male(s) / female (2016 estimate)|
|Exports: $1.278 billion (2016 estimate), $1.261 billion (2015 estimate)||Imports: $3.772 billion (2016 estimate), $4.414 billion (2015 estimate)||Import partners: US 32.6%, Venezuela 12.4%, China 12%, Trinidad and Tobago 11.1% (2015)|
|Urbanization: urban population: 54.8% of the total population (2015)||Major urban area(s): KINGSTON (capital) 588,000 (2015)||Median age: total: 25.6 years; male: 25.1 years, female: 26.1 years (2016 estimate)|
|Internet users: total: 1.274 million. Percent of the population: 43.2% (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (fixed lines): total subscriptions: 252,630. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 9 (July 2015 estimate)||Telephones (mobile, cellular): total: 3.137 million. Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 106 (July 2015 estimate)|
|Unemployment rate: 13.8% (2016 estimate)||Nationality: Jamaican(s) adjective: Jamaican||National holidays: Emancipation Day, 1 August (1834); Independence Day, 6 August (1962)|
|Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.6 years. Male: 72 years, female: 75.3 years (2016 estimate)||Total fertility rate: 1.99 children born / woman (2016 estimate)||Birthrate: 18 births / 1,000 population (2016 estimate)|
|Literacy: age 15 and over has ever attended schooltotal population: 88.7%; male: 84%, female: 93.1% (2015 estimate)||Legal system: common law system based on the English model||Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal|
|Industries: tourism, bauxite/alumina, agricultural-processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications||Industrial production growth rate: 1.7% (2016 estimate)||GDP real growth rate: 1.5% (2016 estimate) 0.9% (2015 estimate) 0.5% (2014 estimate)|
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