St Lucia

Driving Directions St Lucia

ST LUCIA is one of the Windward Islands in the eastern Caribbean. It lies to the south of Martinique and the north of St Vincent. It was con­trolled alternately by the French and the British for some 200 years before becoming fully independent in 1979. St Lucia is an island of extinct volcanoes, and the highest peak is 950 meters or 3,117 feet.

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In the west, the twin volcanic peaks of Gros and Petit Piton rise directly from the sea to over 750 meters or 2,461 feet. The climate is tropical, with a rainy season from May to August.

The economy depends on the produc­tion of bananas and, to a lesser extent, coconuts and mangoes. Production, however, is often affected by hur­ricanes, drought, and disease.

Some manufacturing industries produce clothing, cardboard boxes, plastics, electrical parts, and drinks, and the country has two airports.

Tourism is increasing in importance, and the capital, Castries, is a popular calling point for cruise liners.

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The volcanically formed island consists of mountains and hills in the interior, surrounded by a coastal strip.

Saint Lucia is located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The harbor waters at the port of Castries are 8 meters (27 feet) deep, but the island’s underwater geography varies drastically. There are extensive coral reefs, underwater cliffs, walls, and mountains in Saint Lucia’s waters. Saint Lucia is separated from Martinique to the north by the Saint Lucia Channel and from Saint Vincent to the south by Saint Vincent Passage.

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