Netherlands's flagLocation: Northwest Europe
Official name: Kingdom of the Netherlands
Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1648 / 1839
Capital city: Amsterdam; The Hague (administrative)
Population: 16.7 million / 1275 people per sq mile (492 people per sq km)
Total land area: 16,033 square miles (41,526 square km)
Language(s) spoken: Dutch (official language), Frisian
Main religions: Roman Catholic 36%, Other 34%, Protestant 27%, Muslim 3%
Ethnic mix: Dutch 82%, Other 12%, Surinamese 2%, Turkish 2%, Moroccan 2%
Government type: Parliamentary system
Currency: Euro = 100 cents
Literacy rate: 99%
Calorie consumption (daily per person): 3243 kilocalories

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