Taiwan

Location: East Asia Official name: Taiwan / Republic of China (ROC) Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1949 / 1949 Capital city: Taipei Population: 23.1 million / 1852 people per sq mile (715 people per sq km) Total land area: 13,892 square miles (35,980 square km) Language(s) spoken: Amoy Chinese, Mandarin … Read more

Tajikistan

Location: Central Asia Official name: Republic of Tajikistan Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1991 / 1991 Capital city: Dushanbe Population: 7.1 million / 129 people per sq mile (50 people per sq km) Total land area: 55,251 square miles (143,100 square km) Language(s) spoken: Tajik (official language), Uzbek, Russian Main … Read more

Taliban

A strict Muslim group in Afghanistan has imposed rigid rules on society, including prescribed clothing styles for both men and women, restrictions on women’s appearance in public places, and regulations on television, music, and videos.

Tamil

In the fourth century, a Dravidian Hindu arrived in Sri Lanka, settling in the north while the Sinhalese moved further south.

Tanzania

Location: East Africa Official name: United Republic of Tanzania Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1964 / 1964 Capital city: Dodoma / Dar es Salaam. Population: 45 million / 132 people per sq mile (51 people per sq km) Total land area: 364,898 square miles (945,087 square km) Language(s) spoken: Kiswahili … Read more

Taoism

A philosophy based on the book tao te ching and the teachings of Lao-Tzu, who lived in China in the sixth century B.C. And believed in preserving and restoring harmony in the individual, with nature, and in the universe, with little interference from the government.

Taro

A tropical Asian plant with a starchy root can be eaten as a boiled vegetable or made into bread, puddings, or a paste called poi.

Terpen

High earthen platforms used in sea works.

Terraced farming

An ancient technique for growing crops on hillsides or mountain slopes, using step-like horizontal fields cut into the slopes.

Terrorism

The use of, or threatened use of, force or violence against individuals or property to intimidate or cause fear for political or social ends.

Terrorist

Terrorist: a person who uses violence to win demands or influence the policies of a government.

Thailand

Location: Southeast Asia Official name: Kingdom of Thailand Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1238 / 1907 Capital city: Bangkok Population: 68.1 million / 345 people per sq mile (133 people per sq km) Total land area: 198,455 square miles (514,000 square km) Language(s) spoken: Thai (official language), Chinese, Malay, Khmer, … Read more

Theocratic

A form of government in which religious leaders control the government, relying on religious law and consultation with religious scholars.

Third world

Third world: the poorer, less-developed parts of the world in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America.