St. Petersburg

The old capital of Russia, established by peter the great, moved it from Moscow because st. Petersburg provided direct access by sea to western Europe.

Standard of living

Standard of living: the quality of life in a country, usually measured by income, possessions, and levels of health care and education.


A political term describing an independent unit that occupies a specific territory and has full control of its internal and external affairs.

Stateless society

People use lineages or families whose members are descended from a common ancestor to govern themselves.

Stock exchange

Stock exchange: an international market for buying and selling the stocks or shares of a public company.

Strategic commodity

A resource is so important that nations will go to war to ensure its steady supply.