Solomon Islands

Location: Australasia & Oceania Official name: Solomon Islands Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1978 / 1978 Capital city: Honiara Population: 500,000 / 46 people per sq mile (18 people per sq km) Total land area: 10,985 square miles (28,450 square km) Language(s) spoken: English (official language), Pidgin English, Melanesian Pidgin, … Read more


Either of two times of the year when the sun’s rays shine directly overhead at noon at the furthest points north or south, and that marks the beginning of summer and winter. In the northern hemisphere, the summer solstice is the longest day, and the winter solstice the shortest.