Socialism

Socialism: a social system in which goods are owned collectively, and the whole community exercises political power.

Society

A group that shares a geographic region, a common language, and a sense of identity and culture.

Softwood

Softwood: wood from cone-bearing trees, such as pine or cedar.

Soil

The loose mixture of weathered rock, organic matter, air, and water that supports plant growth.

Solar system

It consists of the sun and nine known planets, and other celestial bodies that orbit the sun.

Solomon Islands

Location: Australasia & Oceania Official name: Solomon Islands Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1978 / 1978 Capital city: Honiara Population: 500,000 / 46 people per sq mile (18 people per sq km) Total land area: 10,985 square miles (28,450 square km) Language(s) spoken: English (official language), Pidgin English, Melanesian Pidgin, … Read more

Solstice

Either of two times of the year when the sun’s rays shine directly overhead at noon at the furthest points north or south, and that marks the beginning of summer and winter. In the northern hemisphere, the summer solstice is the longest day, and the winter solstice the shortest.

Somalia

Location: East Africa Official name: Somalia Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1960 / 1960 Capital city: Mogadishu Population: 9.4 million / 39 people per sq mile (15 people per sq km) Total land area: 246,199 square miles (637,657 square km) Language(s) spoken: Somali (official language), Arabic (official language), English, Italian … Read more

South Africa

Location: Southern Africa Official name: Republic of South Africa Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1934 / 1994 Capital city: Pretoria (Tshwane); Cape Town; Bloemfontein Population: 50.5 million / 107 people per sq mile (41 people per sq km) Total land area: 471,008 square miles (1,219,912 square km) Language(s) spoken: English, … Read more

South China Sea

The South China Sea is the no. 8th contiguous open water surface on earth. It has a huge, 895,4 square mile (2,319,000 square km) area and 5,419 square feet (1,652 square meters) average depth. The South China Sea’s greatest known depth is 16,456 feet (5,016 meters), which can be found here: West of Luzon.

South Korea

Location: East Asia Official name: Republic of Korea Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1948 / 1953 Capital city: Seoul Population: 48.5 million / 1272 people per sq mile (491 people per sq km) Total land area: 38,023 square miles (98,480 square km) Language(s) spoken: Korean (official language) Main religions: Mahayana … Read more

South Sudan

Location: East Africa Official name: Republic of South Sudan Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 2011 / 2011 Capital city: Juba Population: 8.3 million / 33 people per sq mile (13 people per sq km) Total land area: 248,777 square miles (644,329 square km) Language(s) spoken: Arabic, Dinka, Nuer, Zande, Bari, … Read more

Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean is the no. 4th contiguous open water surface on earth. It has a huge, 7,848,300 square mile (20,327,000 square km) area and 13,100-16,400 square feet (4,000-5,000 square meters) average depth. The Southern Ocean’s greatest known depth is 23,736 feet (7,235 meters), which can be found at South Sandwich Trench.