Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the no. 1 contiguous open water surface on earth. It has a huge, 60,060,700 square mile (155,557,000 square km) area and 13,215 square feet (4,028 square meters) average depth. The Pacific Ocean’s greatest known depth is 36,198 feet (11,033 meters), which can be found at Mariana Trench.

Paddy field

Paddy field: a flooded field where rice is grown.

Pagan

Pagan is a blanket term used to describe many unconnected belief practices throughout history, usually about religions outside of the Abrahamic category (monotheistic faiths like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam).

Pakehas

A Maori term for white people, for the new Zealanders of European descent.

Pakistan

Location: South Asia Official name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1947 / 1971 Capital city: Islamabad Population: 185 million / 621 people per sq mile (240 people per sq km) Total land area: 310,401 square miles (803,940 square km) Language(s) spoken: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtu, Urdu (official … Read more

Palau

Location: Australasia & Oceania Official name: Republic of Palau Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1994 / 1994 Capital city: Ngerulmud Population: 20,956 / 107 people per sq mile (41 people per sq km) Total land area: 177 square miles (458 square km) Language(s) spoken: Palauan (official language), English, Japanese, Angaur, … Read more

Palestinians

A displaced group of Arabs who lived or still live in the area formerly called Palestine and now called Israel.

Pampas

A vast area of grassland and rich soil in south-central South America.

Panama

Location: Central America Official name: Republic of Panama Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1903 / 1903 Capital city: Panama City Population: 3.5 million / 119 people per sq mile (46 people per sq km) Total land area: 30,193 square miles (78,200 square km) Language(s) spoken: English Creole, Spanish (official language), … Read more

Papua New Guinea

Location: Australasia & Oceania Official name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1975 / 1975 Capital city: Port Moresby Population: 6.9 million / 39 people per sq mile (15 people per sq km) Total land area: 178,703 square miles (462,840 square km) Language(s) spoken: Pidgin … Read more

Paraguay

Location: South America Official name: Republic of Paraguay Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1811 / 1938 Capital city: Asunción Population: 6.5 million / 42 people per sq mile (16 people per sq km) Total land area: 157,046 square miles (406,750 square km) Language(s) spoken: Guaraní, Spanish (official language), German Main … Read more

Parané river

A river in central South America and one of its three major river systems originate in southern Brazil’s highlands, traveling about 3,000 miles (4,828 km) south and west.

Paricutin Volcano

Although it is not one of the largest volcanoes in Mexico, Paricutin has taken place on the list of natural wonders following its birth in 1943. The eruption spanned ten years and covered about 2.6 square meters (10 square miles).

Parliament

A representative lawmaking body whose members are elected or appointed and legislative and executive functions are combined.