Mabo case

In Australia, the law case that upheld aboriginal Eddie Mabo’s land claim by which the court recognized that aboriginal people had owned the land before the British arrived.

Macedonia

Location: Southeast Europe Official name: Republic of Macedonia Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1991 / 1991 Capital city: Skopje Population: 2 million / 201 people per sq mile (78 people per sq km) Total land area: 9781 square miles (25,333 square km) Language(s) spoken: Macedonian (official language), Albanian (official language), … Read more

Madagascar

Location: Indian Ocean Official name: Republic of Madagascar Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1960 / 1960 Capital city: Antananarivo Population: 20.1 million / 90 people per sq mile (35 people per sq km) Total land area: 226,656 square miles (587,040 square km) Language(s) spoken: Malagasy (official language), French (official language), … Read more

Major urban areas

Major urban areas provide the capital city and up to six major cities in a country defined as urban agglomerations with at least 750,000 people.

Malaria

An infectious disease of the red blood cells, carried by mosquitoes, is characterized by chills, fever, and sweating.

Malaysia

Location: Southeast Asia Official name: Federation of Malaysia Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1963 / 1965 Capital city: Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya (administrative) Population: 27.9 million / 220 people per sq mile (85 people per sq km) Total land area: 127,316 square miles (329,750 square km) Language(s) spoken: Bahasa Malaysia (official … Read more

Maldives

Location: Indian Ocean Official name: Republic of Maldives Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1965 / 1965 Capital city: Malé Population: 300,000 / 2586 people per sq mile (1000 people per sq km) Total land area: 116 square miles (300 square km) Language(s) spoken: Dhivehi (Maldivian) (official language), Sinhala, Tamil, Arabic … Read more

Mali

Location: West Africa Official name: Republic of Mali Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1960 / 1960 Capital city: Bamako Population: 13.3 million / 28 people per sq mile (11 people per sq km) Total land area: 478,764 square miles (1,240,000 square km) Language(s) spoken: Bambara, Fulani, Senufo, Soninke, French (official … Read more

Malta

Location: Southern Europe Official name: Republic of Malta Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1964 / 1964 Capital city: Valletta Population: 400,000 / 3226 people per sq mile (1250 people per sq km) Total land area: 122 square miles (316 square km) Language(s) spoken: Maltese (official language), English (official language) Main … Read more

Mandala

In Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design that symbolizes the universe and aids in meditation.

Mandala

A state was organized as a ring of power around a central court, which often changed in size over time, which was used instead of borders in early Southeast Asian states.

Mantle

A rock layer about 1,800 miles thick is between the earth’s crust and the earth’s core.

Mao Zedong

The leader of the communists in China defeated the nationalists in 1949. He died in 1976.

Map

A two-dimensional graphic representation of selected parts of the earth’s surface.

Map projection

A way of mapping the earth’s surface reduces distortion caused by converting three dimensions into two dimensions.