Jainism

Originating in India, Jain’s spiritual philosophy believes in an eternal human soul, the eternal universe, and a principle of “the own nature of things.”

Jamaica

Location: West Indies Official name: Jamaica Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1962 / 1962 Capital city: Kingston Population: 2.7 million / 646 people per sq mile (249 people per sq km) Total land area: 4243 square miles (10,990 square km) Language(s) spoken: English Creole, English (official language) Main religions: Other … Read more

Japan

Location: East Asia Official name: Japan Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1590 / 1972 Capital city: Tokyo Population: 127 million / 874 people per sq mile (337 people per sq km) Total land area: 145,882 square miles (377,835 square km) Language(s) spoken: Japanese (official language), Korean, Chinese Main religions: Shinto … Read more

Japan Sea

The Japan Sea is the no. 14th contiguous open water surface on earth. It has a huge, 389,1 square mile (1,007,800 square km) area and 4,429 square feet (1,35 square meters) average depth. The Japan Sea’s greatest known depth is 12,276 feet (3,742 meters), which can be found at Central Basin.

Jordan

Location: Southwest Asia Official name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1946 / 1967 Capital city: Amman Population: 6.5 million / 189 people per sq mile (73 people per sq km) Total land area: 35,637 square miles (92,300 square km) Language(s) spoken: Arabic (official language) Main religions: … Read more

Judaism

One of the first known monotheistic religions, likely dating to between 2000-1500 B.C.

Junta

A government-run by generals after a military takeover.