Gabon

Location: Central Africa Official name: Gabonese Republic Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1960 / 1960 Capital city: Libreville Population: 1.5 million / 15 people per sq mile (6 people per sq km) Total land area: 103,346 square miles (267,667 square km) Language(s) spoken: Fang, French (official language), Punu, Sira, Nzebi, … Read more

Gaia hypothesis

A hypothesis stating that the ecosphere can restore its equilibrium following any disturbance that is not too drastic.

Gambia

Location: West Africa Official name: Republic of the Gambia Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1965 / 1965 Capital city: Banjul Population: 1.8 million / 466 people per sq mile (180 people per sq km) Total land area: 4363 square miles (11,300 square km) Language(s) spoken: Mandinka, Fulani, Wolof, Jola, Soninke, … Read more

Ganges river

River in South Asia. an important water resource flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source in a Himalayan glacier to the bay of Bengal.

Gentrification

The social and physical process of change in an urban neighborhood by the return of young, often professional, populations to the urban core.

Geographic analysis

By giving attention to the spatial aspects of distribution, geographic analysis helps explain the distribution, density, and flow of a given phenomenon.

Geographic Information System

Technology that uses digital map information to create a databank. Different “data layers” can be combined to produce specialized maps. GIS allows geographers to analyze different aspects of a specific place to solve problems.

Geography

The study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth.

Geomorphology

The scientific analysis of the landforms of the earth.

Geopolitics

The study of geographic factors in political matters, including borders, political unity, and warfare.

Georgia

Southwest Asia Official name: Georgia Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1991 / 1991 Capital city: Tbilisi Population: 4.2 million / 156 people per sq mile (60 people per sq km) Total land area: 26,911 square miles (69,700 square km) Language(s) spoken: Georgian (official language), Russian, Azeri, Armenian, Mingrelian, Ossetian, Abkhazian … Read more

Germany

Location: Northern Europe Official name: Federal Republic of Germany Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1871 / 1990 Capital city: Berlin Population: 82.1 million / 608 people per sq mile (235 people per sq km) Total land area: 137,846 square miles (357,021 square km) Language(s) spoken: German (official language), Turkish Main … Read more

Ghana

Location: West Africa Official name: Republic of Ghana Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1957 / 1957 Capital city: Accra Population: 24.3 million / 274 people per sq mile (106 people per sq km) Total land area: 92,100 square miles (238,540 square km) Language(s) spoken: Twi, Fanti, Ewe, Ga, Adangbe, Gurma, … Read more

Glacial deposition

In the process of continental and valley glaciation, the deposition of moraines that become lateral or terminal in the act of glacial retreat.

Glacial scouring

In the process of continental and valley glaciation, the deposition of moraines that become lateral or terminal in the act of glacial retreat.