El Niño

A weather pattern created by the warming of the waters off the west coast of South America pushes warm water and heavy rains toward the Americas. It produces drought conditions in Australia and Asia.

El Salvador

Location: Central America Official name: Republic of El Salvador Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1841 / 1841 Capital city: San Salvador Population: 6.2 million / 775 people per sq mile (299 people per sq km) Total land area: 8124 square miles (21,040 square km) Language(s) spoken: Spanish Main religions: Roman … Read more


Elevation includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point, and highest point in each country profile.