Earthquakes

A sometimes violent movement of the earth is produced when tectonic plates grind or slip past each other at fault.

East China Sea

The East China Sea is the no. 12th contiguous open water surface on earth. It has a huge, 482,3 square mile (1,249,200 square km) area and 617 square feet (188 square meters) average depth. The East China Sea’s greatest known depth is 9,126 feet (2,782 meters), which can be found at 25 16 N.

East Timor

Location: Southeast Asia Official name: the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 2002 / 2002 Capital city: Dili Population: 1.2 million / 213 people per sq mile (82 people per sq km) Total land area: 5756 square miles (14,874 square km) Language(s) spoken: Tetum (Portuguese/Austronesian) (official language), … Read more

Ecology

The study of the interrelationships of organisms to one another and the environment.

Economic Cooperation Organization

The Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) was established on 27-29 January 1985 to promote regional cooperation in trade, transportation, communications, tourism, cultural affairs, and economic development.

Economic Freedom Index

The ranking includes data on labor and business freedom and trade policy, taxation, monetary policy, the banking system, foreign-investment rules, property rights, government spending, regulation policy, the level of corruption, and the extent of wage and price controls.

Ecosystem

An interdependent community of plants and animals.

Ecotourism

Travel by people who want to both see and save the natural habitats remaining on earth.

Ecuador

Location: South America Official name: Republic of Ecuador Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1830 / 1942 Capital city: Quito Population: 13.8 million / 129 people per sq mile (50 people per sq km) Total land area: 109,483 square miles (283,560 square km) Language(s) spoken: Spanish (official language), Quechua, other Main … Read more

Effective exchange rate

The nominal index measures a currency’s depreciation (figures below 100) or appreciation (figures over 100) from a base date against a trade-weighted basket of the country’s main trading partners’ currencies.

Egypt

Location: North Africa Official name: Arab Republic of Egypt Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1936 / 1982 Capital city: Cairo Population: 84.5 million / 220 people per sq mile (85 people per sq km) Total land area: 386,660 square miles (1,001,450 square km) Language(s) spoken: Arabic (official language), French, English, … Read more

El Niño

A weather pattern created by the warming of the waters off the west coast of South America pushes warm water and heavy rains toward the Americas. It produces drought conditions in Australia and Asia.